Classification of the Bureau of American Ethnology-United States National Museum Collection of Indian Photographs
The photographs in this collection were obtained from a variety of sources and were originally treated by different methods upon acquisition. Some had no control established over them. Others were acquired by the Bureau of American Ethnology or, later, the National Anthropological Archives and were controlled through the manuscript catalog (see the series of numbered manuscripts, entry 60). In some cases, photographs were originally parts of collections of private papers; and the photographs, although separated from the manuscript material, were assigned the same numbers as the manuscript material. Thus, the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche were identified as manuscript 4558 and so were the photographs. Yet other photographic collections were obtained by the United States National Museum Department of Anthropology and were assigned accession and catalog numbers.
Thus the photographs existed as many separate entities. At some undetermined time, the many collections were brought together and insofar as possible integrated in a filing arrangement based on the classificatory scheme in George Peter Murdock's Ethnographic Bibliography of North America, 1960. The filing was carried out, however, in a way that allows the material to be identified as a BAE, USNM, or NAA acquisition and the accession and catalog numbers are still associated with the collections. Material filed under a given tribal name, for example, may be further divided into categories for BAE, USNM, NAA, or unidentified accessions. These categories may be still further subdivided into lots identified by the accession or catalog numbers or by indications that such numbers are missing.
Material that did not for some reason fit into the filing scheme continued to be controlled by a catalog number. Thus the collection has two divisions: (l) material in the predetermined classificatory scheme and (2) material outside that scheme that is still primarily controlled by a number. In this appendix, the classificatory scheme is outlined for the former material; for the latter, a brief description is provided for each numbered collection.
Alaskan Lapps (imported to herd reindeer)
Powhatan (including unidentified,
Chickahominy, Mattapony, Nansemond, Pamunkey, Potomac, Powhatan, Rappahannock)
Miscellany and unidentified
Robert T. Hill collection of views taken in Panama, Guatemala, and Costa Rica. It includes flora, fauna, city views, structures, agriculture, and scenic views. Costa Rica views are of a railroad; those in Panama are largely of the Panama Canal. Some photographs are of Indians, including one of a Talamanca.
Photographic prints of drawings by Rudolph Friederich Kurz collected by David I. Bushnell, Jr. The drawings were published in Journal of Rudolph Friederich Kurz, translated by Myrtis Jarrell and edited by J.N.B. Hewitt, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 115, 1937.
Prints of line drawings relating to Indian subjects received from Mrs. J. W. Courtney. Included is a scene of a battle involving Hernando de Soto and Motiliones, Indian women dunking Colonel Smith, and Mrs. Merrill killing attackers.
Photographs of Maya near Chichen Itza made ca. 1931 by Morris Steggerda, of the Carnegie Institution of Washington Department of Genetics. Includes names, ages, and subgroups of the subjects.
Manuscript 3912 a, b, and c
William S. Soule views and portraits taken near Fort Dodge, Kansas, and Camp Supply and Fort Sill in modern-day Oklahoma, including Arapahos, Caddos, Cheyennes, Comanches, Kiowas, Kiowa-Apaches, and Wichitas. In albums or mounted on cards.
Humphrey Lloyd Hime photographs taken at Lord Selkirk's Settlement on the Red River, ca. 1857-1858.
Blackmore Museum album of American Indians, consisting mostly of photographs taken at the McClees studio in Washington, D.C., 1857-1858, by Julian Vannerson and Samuel A. Cohner. Most negatives are in the glass negative collection (entry 84).
A J. Walter Fewkes collection concerning archeology in Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, British Columbia, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico, New Mexico, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, and the West Indies, especially Cuba and Trinidad. With the photographs are cartographic materials, notes, and letters.
Enlargements of negatives from the glass negative collection (entry 84). The prints were apparently used in exhibits.
Photographs of southwestern subjects by Matilda Coxe Stevenson. See entry 108 for a note on Stevenson and her photographs.
These albums mainly hold Victor Mindeleff's and John K. Hillers' photographs of southwestern archeological sites. There are also photographs of inhabited pueblos and of Ft. Defiance and personnel there.
Albums with prints of American Indians made from the glass negative collection (entry 84). In forming the collection, Ferdinand V. Hayden and William Blackmore planned to publish a national album. This had not been done in 1878 when John Wesley Powell began to make motions to take over the anthropological work of the federal geological surveys. Hayden, concerned with credit to himself and the United States Geological Survey of the Territories, hastily responded by trying to get institutions to purchase sets of albums or portfolios. Hayden seems to have followed a plan whereby the sale of one album furnished money for the preparation of another. Insofar as it has been possible to determine, Hayden produced only a very few sets. The three examples of this collection are all sets of albums (attempts have filed to locate examples of the portfolios). The albums were usually of three volumes (one single-volume selection has been reported in anthropological literature but it was one apparently furnished without cost) and had hand-mounted prints with captions cut from William Henry Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, United States Geological Survey of the Territories, Miscellaneous Publications, number 9, Washington, 1877.
Photographs of paintings by Paul Kane based on sketches made in 1845-1846. The images include representations of Assiniboin, Babine, Chinook, Chippewa, Clallam, Cowichan, Cowlitz, Cree, Dakota, Menominee, Potawatomi, Powhatan, and Ottawa. Reproduction of the photographs will require the permission of the Royal Ontario Museum, which has the original paintings.
Microfilm of Paul Kane sketchbooks related to 4427, above.
Désiré Charnay photographs of Chichén Ítza, Mitla, Palenque, and Uxmal, ca. 1857.
Postcards showing varieties of Indian corn and a buffalo scapula hoe.
John R. Swanton slides, made ca. 1944, concerning the work of the De Soto Commission. Includes artwork showing De Soto, views of sites, and cartographic items.
Copy prints of the Stanley J. Morrow collection in the W. H. Over Museum, University of South Dakota, including images of Arikara, Bannock, Cheyenne, Crow, Dakota, Hidatsa, Mandan, and Ponca Indians. The collection also includes views of Deadwood, Rapid City, Vermillion, and Yankton and scenes relating to the Civil War, the Custer retrieval expeditions, and the Battle of Slim Buttes.
Prints of Indians "some of whom traveled with a medicine show throughout Chicago and the West," including Eskimos and Pawnee, Kickapoo, and unidentified Indians.
A scrapbook maintained by Richard K. Cantley, an Englishman who traveled in the United States and Canada around 1860-1862. Included are photographs, clippings, watercolor sketches, ink sketches, pencil sketches, menus, and various types of souvenirs. The photographs include views made around Chatham, Petersborough, York, Rochester and other towns of England (especially castles, abbeys, and cathedrals); the St. Paul, Minnesota, area; and Cleveland, Ohio. There are also photographs of Dakota Indians.
Prints from negatives made on the Wheeler Expeditions, 1871-1874, and the David Sloane Stanley Yellowstone Expedition of 1873. Photographers include William Bell, Timothy O'Sullivan, and William Pywell. Includes a copy of a letter from William Henry Jackson to Mathew W. Stirling, of February 20, 1937. See also manuscript 4499-4501 below and entry 146.
Descriptive list and notes regarding photographs made on the Wheeler Expeditions. The notes were compiled around 1935-1948 by persons interested in the expedition.
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell sterographic views made on the Wheeler Expeditions, 1871-1874.
Views made on the Wheeler Expeditions, 1871-1874,& some made by Timothy O'Sullivan. Includes views of the exploration party, camps, archeological views, and Indians.
Photographs of sketches by Charles-Alexandre Lesueur, 1816-1837, including archeological sites in Indiana and Kentucky, Choctaw Indians in Tennessee and Louisiana, and Plains Indian artifacts.
Includes stereographic views issued by the Wheeler Expeditions collected by Alice Cunningham Fletcher. Other parts of Fletcher's photographic collection have been left with the manuscript material or interfiled in the portion of this collection (BAE/USNM photographs of Indian) arranged by tribe.
Photographs and other material received from John Witthoft, of the Pennsylvania State Museum, including photographs of Apaches and Arapahos.
Photographs of Utes, made in 1913 by Stewart, a photographer of Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Copy of a print showing Williamsburg, Virginia, between 1732 and 1747.
Views and portraits by William S. Soule.
James Earl Taylor album "Our Wild Indians in Peace and War:& Surveys, Expeditions, Mining, and Scenery of the Great West," compiled around 1863-1900. Included are images of Apaches, Navahos, Sauk and Fox, and other Indians; many western personalities; military personnel; forts; and other subjects.
Francis Harper photographs of Chipewyan, Cree, Salteaux, and Slave Indians taken on a Geological Survey of Canada expedition to Great Slave Lake in 1914.
Copy prints of Guy F. Cameron photographs of Aleuts, Eskimos, and Athapaskan and Tlingit Indians.
Institute of Social Anthropology photographs made in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and unidentified countries.
Latin America photographs copied from published sources, including Indians of Bolivia, Brazil, British Guiana, British Honduras, Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela, and the Virgin Islands. The material was part of George Peter Murdock's Strategic Index of Latin America, a World War II information file comparable to the Pacific Survey File of entry 91.
Unidentified lantern slides from a collection of negatives and other materials donated by the Department of the Interior library. Most have been interfiled in the first part of this lot.
Copy prints of the Charles M. Bell negative collection that is part of the series of glass negatives of Indians (entry 84).
J. Owen Dorsey collection of North American Indian photographs.
Neil M. Judd and Stuart M. Young photographs taken at White Canyon and Bluff City, Utah, in 1907; Alkali Ridge, Utah, in 1908, and in northern Arizona and southern Utah in 1908-1909.
William S. Soule photographs made around 1867-1874.
Photographic prints, partially identified as Cherokee, Comanche, Oto, and Kiowa, bought in 1900 from a man named Mcdonald.
Photographs by Timothy O'Sullivan or John Moran on the Darien Expedition, 1870-1871; photographs taken by William Henry Jackson on the Hayden Survey, and other photographs.
Division of Physical Anthropology photographs, lithographs, and other prints of anthropologists, including Harrison Allen, J. Lawrence Angel, Karl Ernst von Baur, Alphonse Bertillon, Paul Broca, Tom Campbell, Raymond Dart. W. Montague Cobb, Eugene Dubois, William C. Farrabee, Paul Fejos, James A. Ford, Marcus S. Goldstein, V. Guiffrida-Ruggeri, Alfred C. Haddon, Ales Hrdlicka, Alex D. Krieger, Karl Gorjanovic Kramberger, Louis S.B. Leakey, Frank Micka, Samuel G. Morton, Leon Manouvrier, Marshall T. Newman, Henry Fairfield Osborn, Frederic W. Putnam, Gustaf Ritzius, T. Dale Stewart, Jeffrey G. Wyman, H.G. Welcker, and others.
Geologist Edward L. Estabrook's 1914-1916 photographic negatives made in China, mainly in Shensi Province.
Copies from the Birmingham, England, Public Library of the Benjamin Stone collection of photographs of American Indians, including Arikara, Blackfoot, Chippewa, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Flathead, Iroquois, Kutenai, Pawnee, Ute, and Winnebago subjects. The collection also includes scenes and archeological views.
Views of Miao people by staff photographers of the State Railways of Thailand, 1967.
Miscellaneous lantern slides of American Indians, including Arapaho, Dakota, Isleta, Kickapoo, Ute, and Yavapai. Also included are Philippine subjects.
[ TOP ]