Skip to main content.

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Website Search Box

Department of Anthropology

picture 1


The photographs taken during a Navaho reconnaissance concerning a land claims case.

DATES: 1960s

QUANTITY: 160 prints



CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 74-8


The collection consists of prints of images by Pennington.

DATE: No date

QUANTITY: 11 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 82-2


The Navajo-Cornell Field Health Research Project resulted from a contract between the United States Public Health Service Indian Health Division (soon afterwards the division was moved to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) and the Cornell University Medical College Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine. Its primary purpose was to provide modern health care to Navaho Indians and determine the effect of their culture on health care. In a broader context, the project was a pilot for the delivery of health care in underdeveloped areas. Cooperating was the Navaho tribe and Cornell University School of Nursing.

The program began in 1955, but practical operations were delayed until 1956 when a facility in the Many Farms-Rough Rock area started serving around 2000 residents. The case files represent one of the first problems encountered. Ordinary means of matching patient to case file failed, and new methods had to be devised.

The fullest records of this set are the so-called "camp files," which are organized by a number assigned to each

camp. They concern the regular patients at the clinic and include records of clinic visits, checklist of routine studies, personal record, diagnostic sheet, medical history questionnaire, physical examination form, notes, immunization record, laboratory reports, and referral notices. There are a few other types of documents for some patients. The other case files often include only a record of clinic visits and notes.

The files were donated by Clifford R. Barnett.

DATES: 1956-1960

QUANTITY: ca. 13.6 linear meters (ca. 44.5 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Camp records; (2) referral and other records; (3) camp member book


RESTRICTION: The records are restricted until January 2026 to maintain the privacy of individuals.


Tom Nell is a photographer of Tiburon, California. The collection is made up of slides he took on a special trip to photograph the Tiwi of Australia. They show body painting. Other sets of the slides have been deposited in Australia at the National Library, Institute of Aboriginal Studies, and the Darwin Museum of Natural History.

DATE: 1970s

QUANTITY: 113 slides

ARRANGEMENT: Undetermined

FINDING AID: List of captions

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 80-14


The donor, a Mrs. Miller, reported that her brother made the photographs during World War II, when he was serving with the U.S. Army 41st Division in New Guinea. The photographs show people, a boat, and costumes (grass skirts).

DATE: early 1940s

QUANTITY: 17 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 93-15A.


The papers consist largely of physical anthropological forms, photographs, and writings. They relate to a study of crania connected with Work Projects Administration (WPA) activities at Pickwick, Guntersville, and Wheeler basins in Alabama.

DATES: 1938-1940

QUANTITY: ca. 1.2 linear meters (ca. 4 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: Unprocessed



The 35mm color slides record a 1988 funeral.

DATES: 1920; 1988

QUANTITY: 19 slides

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 88-31

NORBECK, EDWARD (1915-1991), Papers

Edward Norbeck was born in Saskatchewan and became a United States citizen in 1941. He studied Far Eastern languages and civilization at the University of Michigan (B.A., 1948; M.A., 1949), and he continued there in anthropology (Ph.D., 1952). Between 1952 and 1960, he taught at the University of Utah and then at the University of California at Berkeley. In 1960, he joined the Rice University faculty, where he was until he retired in 1981. He served as chairman of the Department of Anthropology in 1962-1971 and 1978-1979 and was Dean of Humanities and Social Sciences in 1966-1967.

Most of Norbeck's field work was in Japan. Mainly, he was interested in modern culture change. In 1950-1951, he studied Takashima, a fishing community. In 1958-1959, he worked in Tokyo and rural northeastern Japan. In 1964-1965 and 1966, he examined social, religious and economic change, and in 1971, he investigated a recently industrialized rural community. In 1956, Norbeck studied technological and social changed on a pineapple plantation in Hawaii.

There is also material concerning teachers and colleagues at Berkeley and elsewhere.

DATES: 1950s-1980s

QUANTITY: ca. 6 linear feet

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Biographical material; (2) noteslips for Takashima ethnography, 1950-1951, 1974; (3) papers by other authors on health care in Japan; (4) Leslie A. White's diary of a trip to the Orient, 1936; (5) miscellaneous teaching material; (6) miscellany; (7) publications by Edward Norbeck; (8) photographic material



The copy prints show Samuel A. Barrett, Stephen Cappannari, Pedro Carrasco, Alfred L. Kroeber, Robert H. Lowie, David G. Mandelbaum, Theodore D. McCown, Robert F. Murphy, Edward Norbeck, and Leslie A. White.

Norbeck explained that the photographs were taken at the urging of White, who was a visiting professor at the university. White had a collection of photographs of distinguished anthropologists and was especially eager to add portraits of Lowie, his sometime antagonist, and Kroeber. The group had lunched together. Lowie and Kroeber, both retired, came to the university especially for the event. Afterward, the photographs were taken, some at the university faculty club and others outside the temporary building that housed the Department of Anthropology. Norbeck believed the photographs of Lowie are the last taken of him alive.

Norbeck was the photographer for all the pictures except those that include him. He states that either Cappannari or White took the others.

DATE: 1957

QUANTITY: 10 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 77-68


The prints are of illustrations in William S. Webb's An Archeological Survey of the Norris Basin in Eastern Tennessee, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 118, 1938.

DATES: 1930s

QUANTITY: 6 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-17


The Northeastern Anthropological Association (NEAA) was organized in 1961 as the Northeastern Anthropological Conference. Through much of its history, the NEAA seemed to lay strong emphasis on informality and loose organization. Initially, an ad hoc committee assisted by a secretary-treasurer and a program chairman guided the conference. Membership, which existed in the sense that a person attended meetings, was unrestricted and drawn from students and professionals from the northeastern United States and eastern Canada.

In 1965, the present name was adopted when the NEAA initiated an abortive move to become a regional organization of the American Anthropological Association. With the change of name, the roster of officers also expanded to include a president and vice president (who was also the president-elect). The officers and an elected member-at-large formed the executive committee that ran the affairs of the society. Membership became formal in 1970. A constitution was informally adopted in the late 1960s, but it was not formally promulgated until 1971. In 1978, the constitution was

amended to extend the roster of officers (and, hence, the executive committee) to include the immediate past program chairman and the immediate past president. The billing services of the American Anthropological Association were engaged in 1977. NEAA was incorporated in the state of Vermont in 1982.

NEAA activities have centered almost entirely on its annual meetings. Even much of the newsletter, begun in 1978, was at first concerned with future and past meetings. During the late 1960s, the NEAA took formal stands on academic freedom and opposition to the war in Vietnam and American involvement in Cambodia. Again in the early 1980s, the association became active in issues involving governmental policies and academic freedom.

The records include materials like minutes, programs, announcements, abstracts of papers presented at meetings, newsletters, and letters. Documents for the period before 1967 are very few and the files do not become very full until 1970.

DATES: 1962-1982 (The folders for the earliest years include "file record forms" that include such data as place of the annual meeting and names of officers. They were created after the year that they cover.)

QUANTITY: ca. .5 linear meter (ca. 20 linear inches)

ARRANGEMENT: Chronological

FINDING AID: Each folder includes a "file record" form that contains information about its contents.


There is no data for this photograph.

QUANTITY: 1 print

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 86-44

NUMBERED MANUSCRIPTS, Records and papers

The collection is a miscellany of ethnological, linguistic, archeological, physical anthropological, and historical documents by very many authors. It includes field notes, correspondence, writings, drawings, cartographic material, photographs, administrative records, collections of personal papers, and many other types of documents. The file originally existed to control the Bureau of American Ethnology manuscript collection. Since 1972, it has been used for small collections and historical manuscripts unrelated to collections.

The material includes large unified groups of records of the Anthropological Society of Washington and Cyrus Thomas's Mound Survey and papers of Philip Drucker, J. Walter Fewkes, Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, James A. Geary, Garrick Mallery (on sign language), Frans Olbrechts (largely his Cherokee work), Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr., Hugh L. Scott, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, Sol Tax, and Henry C. Yarrow (on mortuary customs).

The collection also includes Bureau of American Ethnology administrative records. There are also periodic reports of Work Project Administration (WPA) archeological projects covering work in Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. In addition, there are a large number of manuscripts cataloged as separate items or in several small groups, by many Bureau of American Ethnology staff and collaborators, including Franz Boas, David Ives Bushnell, Jr., William H. Dall, Frances Densmore, Gerard Fowke, Henry W. Henshaw, J.N.B. Hewitt, William Henry Holmes, William B. Marye, Truman Michelson, James Mooney, James C. Pilling, John Wesley Powell, Erminnie Smith, John Swanton, and Cyrus Thomas. Most material is of a professional rather than a personal nature.

Considering his important positions with the Bureau of American Ethnology, there are relatively few papers of Frederick W. Hodge. Hodge's papers, including many manuscripts of Frank H. Cushing and others interested in the Southwest, are in the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles. In addition, a body of papers of WJ McGee is in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division.

Appendix B provides a list of names and terms used as headings in the card catalog to the numbered manuscripts. Appendix C provides descriptions the large and unified collections not completely indexed in the card catalog.

DATES: Mostly 1850s-1980s

QUANTITY: ca. 193 linear meters (ca. 635 linear feet)


FINDING AID: Card catalog indexed with cross references (published as Catalog of Manuscripts at the National Anthropological Archives, G.K. Hall and Company, 1975). The catalog is also available in SIRIS.

NUSBAUM, JESSE LOGAN (1887-1980), Papers

Jesse L. Nusbaum attended the Colorado State Normal College (Bachelor of Pedagogy, 1907) and and studied at the George Washington University and University of Colorado. He was an employee of the School of American Research, long-time superintendent and archeologist at Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado, and first director of the Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe. For brief periods, he was affiliated with the Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum, and Museum of the American Indian. He also worked as a field assistant to Edgar L. Hewett, Alfred V. Kidder, Sylvanus G. Morley (in Central America), and Frederick W. Hodge. Included among his projects were work on the Pajarito Plateau, excavation and repair of Balcony House on Mesa Verde, restoration of the Palace of Governors in Santa Fe, installation of exhibits at the Panama-California Exposition; excavation at Basketmaker Cave in Kane County, Utah; and investigations involving the El Paso Natural Gas Company projects in the Southwest.

The collection includes letters, notes, manuscripts of writings, cartographic material, clippings, photographs, and printed material. It covers many aspects of Nusbaum's education and career, and it reflects his long involvement in southwestern history and archeology. Included are materials pertinent to his work at the Laboratory of Anthropology and Mesa Verde. There is also material on Basketmakers, Grand Gulch, Step House, Balcony House, and the Palace of Governors in Santa Fe. Yet other material concerns the Indian Arts Fund, Governor Eliseosuazo of Tesuque (photograph), Sam Ahkeah, William Henry Jackson, the discovery of Cliff Palace, Inscription Rock, Mabel Lyons, Socorro and Limitar, Midland Man, Frank Morgan, Arroyo Hondo, New Mexico (photographs), and Public Works Administration Project 496 for ruin repair on Mesa Verde (Far View House, Balcony House, Shepherd Chief's House, Cliff Palace, Square Tower House, Far View House, Sun Temple, and Oak Tree House).

There are also letters and other material of Kenneth M. Chapman, Fay-Cooper Cole, John Collier, Sharkey Dawson, Coleman du Pont, J. Walter Fewkes, Max Fracht, William T. Grant, Elizabeth Compton Hegemann, Alice Corbin Henderson, Edgar L. Hewett, George Heye, Frank Hibben, Frederick W. Hodge, C. Don Hughes, Harold and Anna Ickes, Arthur V. Kidder, Alfred L. Kroeber, Robert Lister, Otis T. Marston, Paul S. Martin, T.P. Martin, María and Julian Martínez, W.J. Mayo, John Gaw Meem, C. Hart Merriam, Sylvanus G. and Frances Morley, Earl H. Morris, Jon L. Nelson, Samuel D. Nicholson, Rosemary Nusbaum, Deric O'Bryan, Douglas Osborne, Arthur W. Packard, L.C. Perkins, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., E.B. Sayles, Douglas W. Schwartz, Penrose Spencer, Richard Van Valkenburgh, Evon Z. Vogt, Don Watson, Clark Wissler, and H. Marie Wormington. Also included are copies of letters of Richard Wetherill to B.T.B. Hyde about his exploration in the Southwest in 1890-1902.

Additional papers are in the Western Archeological and Conservation Center, National Park Service, Tucson, Arizona. The collection does not include many of Nusbaum's professional-quality photographs of southwestern sites and scenes. Most of them are in the Denver Public Library.

DATES: ca. 1900-1980

QUANTITY: ca. 1.8 linear meters (ca. 6 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Publications concerning Nusbaum; (2) subject file; (3) note cards; and (4) photographs

FINDING AID: Draft folder list

Follow the NAAs & HSFAs on social media:

facebook youtubeitunesu


[ TOP ]