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The images are part of the Department of Anthropology's collection given in memory of John William Henry and Henry Bonnell Thomas by David Dunn Thomas (accession 177,609). One photograph, from life, shows a tattooed Marquesan chief with a paddle. The other, from an engraving, shows the "Session of the District of Matavi," a representation of the meeting between Tahitians and Europeans.

DATE: No date

QUANTITY: 2 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81J


Gerald C. Hickey is an anthropologist with a special interest in Southeast Asia. During the 1960s, he was in Vietnam, sponsored by the Rand Corporation to continue a study of Vietnamese village life that he had begun in the 1950s. The photographs are samples submitted to illustrate the use of artifacts Hickey sent to the Smithsonian. Hickey said that "with most of them, however, the ethnic group does not match the ethnic origin of the item but the use of them is nonetheless the same." Included are pictures showing the use of a large crossbow, hoes, and baskets. There are also a house interior and a shaman known as the King of the Fire. Ethnic groups are Jarai, Jeh, and Stieng. A long letter that describes the photographs is in the files of the National Museum of Natural History's Registrar.

DATE: 1960s

QUANTITY: 16 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-34


The copy print was made from a tintype belonging to Joseph Roza, of Ruislip, England.

DATE: No date

QUANTITY: 1 print

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81-17

HILGER, SISTER MARIE INEZ (1891-1977), Papers

Sister M. Inez Hilger was a native of Minnesota. Shortly after taking up her vocation as a Benedictine nun, she taught in a school later to become the College of St. Benedict at St. Joseph, Minnesota. She also trained as a nurse. With her school changing to college, Sister Inez pursued further study, first in sociology at the University of Minnesota. Later, in pursuing advanced graduate work in sociology and anthropology, she became the first woman admitted directly to The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C.

Sister Inez's field work began among the Chippewa of her native state. Although at first concerned with social problems, she eventually specialized in the life of children, a study that she carried out among several North American Indian tribes, in Latin America, and among the Ainu of Japan. For the Institute of Human Relations at Yale University, she prepared a field guide for the study of child life. Her last work was the collection of what she called so-called "grandmother tales" or stories that elderly women tell children.

The collection mostly concerns Sister Inez's study of child life of the Chippewa, Arapaho, Araucanian, and Ainu, and miscellaneous papers about other tribes of the Plains, Southwest, Southeast, and Latin America. Some material is based on readings, some on her own field work. Most data are on note slips. There are also materials that reflect her interest in social problems, particularly among the Chippewa. Some recordings reflect an interest in early days in Montana. There are also some "grandmother stories."

The papers concerning the Ainu include material of Chiye Sano and Midori Yamaha, Sister Inez's assistants in Japan. The papers also include a very small amount of correspondence of Margaret Mead and Rhoda Métraux. Most of Sister Inez's correspondence is at the College of St. Benedict.

DATES: Most 1931-1976

QUANTITY: 5.5 linear meters (ca. 18 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Diaries and notebooks, 1946-1947; (2) material relating to the Field Guide to the Ethnological Study of Child Life, 1932-1966; (3) note slips regarding the Chippewa, 1932-1941; (4) Chippewa photographs, 1932-1940; (5) note slips, photographs, and other material concerning the Arapaho, 1935-1942; (6) miscellaneous field and reading notes, 1936-1943; (7) note slips from secondary sources, n.d.; (8) "Notes on Crow Culture," ca. 1970; (9) note slips concerning the Araucanians, 1946-1947; 1951-1952; (10) Araucanian photographs, 1946-1952; (11) miscellaneous Araucanian material, 1916-1965; (12) material regarding Huenun Namku: An Araucanian Indian of the Andes Remembers the Past, 1952-1962; (13) material regarding the Ainu and Together with the Ainu, ca. 1965-1971; (14) material relating to psychological tests administered to Ainu and Japanese school children, 1964-1969; (15) Ainu photographs, 1957-1965; (16) material regarding the television course "Anthropology of the Americas," 1957-1958; (17) writings, 1931-1964; (18) printed material, most 1930s-1970s; (19) miscellany, 1938-1970; (20) sound recordings concerning the Ainu, 1965; (21) sound recordings concerning Montana history and the Blackfeet, ca. 1972; (22) sound recordings concerning the Chippewa, early 1970s; (23) sound recording of an interview with Sister Marie Inez Hilger, 1976; (24) miscellaneous photographs, 1932-1946

FINDING AID: Draft inventory


Richard Hill is a Tuscarora Indian who is involved in American Indian cultural activities. The photographs are mainly portraits of Iroquois--some in urban settings. Several photographs are of artisans and craftsmen. Selected items show the preparation of fry bread, a lacrosse player, a corn-husk doll maker with some of her dolls, men in dance costume, a longhouse wedding party, a Seneca wood carver making a water drum, and a Seneca basket maker. There is also a portrait of a Seminole flute maker.

DATE: ca. 1972-1978

QUANTITY: 26 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 83-35


The small albumen prints are the same as those normally mounted as stereoscopic views. The images were made in and near the Hopi village of Oraibi.

DATE: Probably 1872-1873

QUANTITY: 9 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 83-18


The portraits, which include some Seminoles of mixed ancestry, were used in Hirshhorn's "Seminole Physiognomy and Beady Cerumen," The Sapporo Medical Journal, volume 52, number 6 (December 1982), pages 477-490. Generally, the set includes both front and profile busts of the subjects.

DATE: ca. 1970

QUANTITY: 42 mounted prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 83-37


The prints include portraits of Fanny R. Bandelier and Emily M. Cushing, Frank H. Cushing's wife.

DATES: No date

QUANTITY: 4 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 80-23


Most photographs are of Comanches. Hoebel took them during a Laboratory of Anthropology field school session led by Ralph Linton. They show a brush dance at Walters, Oklahoma, and several portraits. Photographs made during the same session by Waldo R. Wedel are in Wedel's papers.

The Shoshoni photographs were made at a sun dance at Fort Hall, Idaho.

DATES: 1933-1934

QUANTITY: 36 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 91-9


The subject is in a business suit. According to certain ethnologists, the Indian manufacture of his vest and back scratcher is doubtful, and the man may have been white. The studio was located in Albany, New York, and a caption describes the image as a souvenir.

DATE: Perhaps July 12, 1908

QUANTITY: 1 print

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 78-16

HOFFMAN, BERNARD GILBERT (1925-1989), Papers

B.G. Hoffman was educated at the University of Montana (B.A., 1946) and the University of California at Berkeley (Ph.D., 1955). In 1955-1956, he was a research analyst with the United States Department of Justice Indian Claims Section; 1957-1958, research associate of the American University Foreign Area Study Division; 1958-1964, research analyst for the National Science Foundation Foreign Science Information Program; and, 1964-1965, head of the NSF Course Content Improvement Program. In 1965, he joined the faculty of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Maryland at College Park. His specialty was eastern American Indians from Appalachia to eastern Canada.

The collection consists of copies of printed material, textual documents, maps, illustrations, and other related material and manuscripts of Hoffman's writings, all concerning American Indians of the Middle Atlantic mountains, New England, and the Maritime Provinces of Canada.

DATES: Concerns 15th-20th centuries

QUANTITY: ca. 2.3 linear meters (ca. 7.6 linear feet)


The United States Bureau of Reclamation donated the copy prints.

DATE: Probably 1970s

QUANTITY: 4 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 77-60


At the urging of Senator Carl Hayden, the Smithsonian arranged with the Department of War for air reconnaissance of ancient canals in Arizona in January 1930. Because agriculture and other development were destroying the canals, a record was made through oblique and vertical aerial photographs. Neil M. Judd represented the Smithsonian on the project.

At first, the negatives were with the Department of War Air Service; but, in 1935, the United States National Museum acquired them through arrangements made by Dache M. Reeves, of the United States Air Museum. Meanwhile, Odd S. Halseth had carried out preliminary ground work for Judd, and Judd himself had collected copies of useful maps. Once the photographs were in the USNM, prints were joined into mosaics and Halseth's and Judd's data were added. The Smithsonian undertook no further work except to transfer the images from nitrate to safety negatives.

In 1959, the archives loaned copies of the annotated photographs to the Arizona State Museum for use by Richard B. Woodbury. They were returned in 1963 with the original negatives, maps of Gila and Salt valley townships, and two index maps. They are in the collection. At one time other prints were reportedly made and captioned, but they have not been located. Halseth's correspondence regarding his work is in the records of the Department of Anthropology, Division of Archeology, office file, 1899-1959, filed under the term "Bureau of American Ethnology."

DATES: ca. 1930

QUANTITY: 7 uncut rolls of copy film, 139 annotated prints, and 68 maps

ARRANGEMENT: The negatives are on the rolls in the order in which they were taken; otherwise, the materials are unarranged.


CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 3


The print shows the Crow Indian Plenty Coups at Pryor, Montana, with John W. Scally, the donor. A flag in the photograph bears the unorthodox spelling of the name.

DATE: 1927

QUANTITY: 1 print

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 86-46


Holmes was an artist, geologist, and archeologist whose career was with the United States Geological Survey of the Territories, United States Geological Survey, and the Smithsonian Institution (Bureau of American Ethnology, Department of Anthropology of the Smithsonian, and the National Gallery of Art [now the National Museum of American Art]). He was also the first director of the Smithsonian's National Gallery of Art (now the National Museum of American Art).

In 1894-1897, Holmes left Washington temporarily to head anthropology at the Field Columbian Museum (Field Museum of Natural History) and joined the faculty of the University of Chicago. During this period, he carried out investigations of ancient Mesoamerican ruins on an Allison V. Armour expedition. Most prints seem to relate to that expedition, for the same or similar images are in Holmes' reports in the Field Columbian Museum Anthropological Series, volume l, number l, 1895. A few images may relate to an earlier trip. They appear to have formed a display, for they are framed and captioned. The sites include Chichén Ítza, Mitla, Palenque, Texcocinqu, Uxmal, and Xochicalco. Photographers include Allison V. Armour, Alfred P. Maudsley, and E.H. Thompson.

There is additional material of Holmes distributed widely throughout the archives' collection. A collection of papers, arranged and described by Holmes in an autobiographical fashion, are in the library of the National Portrait Gallery/National Museum of American Art and available in the National Anthropological Archives on microfilm.

DATES: No date

QUANTITY: 20 prints



CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-44


William Henry Holmes donated the mounted prints in 1923. They were originally framed. Sites included are Uxmal, Quiriguá, Xochicalco, Palenque, and Copán. They are United States National Museum accession 89,688. For a note about Holmes and a description of similar materials, see the preceding description of Photo Lot 73-44.

DATES: No date

QUANTITY: 7 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 66B

HONIGMANN, JOHN JOSEPH (1914-1977), Papers

The papers largely consist of research material of a specialist in personality, socialization, and social problems of Subarctic and Arctic people. Trained at Yale University (M.A., 1943; Ph.D., 1947), Honigmann spent most of his professional career at the University of North Carolina and was chairman of its Department of Anthropology for several years. Some material reflects his classroom teaching and administrative work. There are also general reference materials and materials relating to the history of anthropology.

Honigmann was regularly in the field. In 1943, this began with an ethnographic study of the Fort Nelson Slave in Canada. In 1944-1945, he was with the Kaska in British Columbia. In 1947-1948, he worked at Attawapiskat on James Bay and, in 1949-1950, at Great Whale River on Hudson Bay. He investigated town life in Pakistan in 1952 and 1957-1958. During the summers of 1960-1962, 1964-1966, 1972, and 1975, his studies carried him to a village in Austria. In 1963, he worked at Frobisher Bay and in 1967 at Inuvik.

Correspondents include David F. Aberle, Saeed K. Alizai, Nels Anderson, Asen Balikci, Victor Barnouw, Harry Basehart, Ronald Berndt, William E. Bittle, Gordon Blackwell, Walter Boek, Paul J. Bohannan, Robert J. Braidwood, Robert Carneiro, Joseph B. Casagrande, Norman A. Chance, Yehudi A. Cohen, Earl W. Count, David Damas, William Davis, Pierrette Desy, Cora du Bois, Richard Duncan, Fred R. Eggan, Loren C. Eiseley, Gary L. Emmons, Vincent Erickson, Sam J. Ervin, Arthur Evans, Lita B. Fejos, Paul Fejos, William N. Fenton, F.L. Fischer, Regina Flannery, Don Charles Foote, Clellan Ford, Morris Freilich, Clifford Geertz, Mickey Gibson, John P. Gillin, Thomas F. Gladwin, Walter R. Goldschmidt, Ward H. Goodenough, Theodore D. Graves, John Gulick, Zachary Gussow, Charles Hamori-Torok, Asael T. Hansen, Edward B. Harper, S.I. Hayakawa, Dwight B. Heath, June Helm, Maria Herzmaier, George K. Hindley, Tom R. Hopkins, Francis L.K. Hsu, Katherine Jocher, Berton H. Kaplan, Michael Kenny, Solon T. Kimball, Harriet J. Kupferer, Gordon B. Laing, L.L. Langness, Margaret L. Lantis, Oscar Lewis, Nancy O. Lurie, Donald S. Marshall, Abraham H. Maslow, John S. Matthiasson, Selz C. Mayo, Tom F.S. McFeat, Margaret Mead, Betty J. Meggers, George P. Murdock, Raoul Naroll, George Nelleman, Arthur Niehall, Marrilee Oakes, Morris E. Opler, Harold Orlans, Cornelius Osgood, Simon Ottenberg, John G. Peck, William Pollitzer, Ruben E. Reina, David Reisman, Marcel Rioux, Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr., Edward S. Rogers, Irving Rouse, Beate R. Salz, A.H.A. Siddiqi, Norman Simpkins, Leon Sinder, Richard Slobodin, Edward H. Spicer, Leslie Spier, Robert F.G. Spier, George D. Spindler, Sol Tax, Morton I. Teicher, Laura Thompson, Mischa Titiev, Brian du Toit, John Trudeau, Arthur Tuden, Victor F. Valentine, Frank G. Vallee, Clark Vincent, Fred W. Voget, Evon Z. Vogt, C. Von Furer-Haimendorf, Willard Walker, Anthony F.C. Wallace, Gene Weltfish, and Eric R.Wolf.

DATES: ca. 1944-1967

QUANTITY: ca. 25 linear meters (ca. 83 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (The material is imperfectly and incompletely arranged and described.) (1) Material concerning Churchill, five northern towns, and Schefferville, n.d.; (2) material concerning Cree Indians of Attawapiskat, Ontario, 1947-1956; (3) material concerning Frobisher Bay, 1963; (4) material concerning the Great Whale River; (5) material concerning Inuvik, 1967; (6) material concerning the Kaska Indians, Lower Post, British Columbia, and Southern Yukon Territory, 1944-1945; (7) material relating to general anthropological subjects, anthropology and related subjects; (8) general and miscellaneous material on peoples of the world; (9) material concerning West Pakistan; (10) Canadian Wildlife Service Arctic Ecology Map Series; (11) material relating to Understanding Culture; (12) miscellany; (13) correspondence, ca. 1950s-1970s

FINDING AID: Partial register

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