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Geyer was a botanist who accompanied Joseph Nicolas Nicollet on his 1838 expedition to the upper Mississippi. The photographs are of drawings in a notebook that show "Fort Snelling from the East." The notebook is in the National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany.

DATE: 1838 (original drawing)

QUANTITY: 2 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81Q


Gordon Gibson attended the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1952). In 1958-1983, he became the Smithsonian's curator of African ethnology. During his tenure, he was the first chairman of the National Museum of Natural History Senate of Scientists (1963-1964), chairman of the museum's photographic facilities committee (1968), a member of the Center for the Study of Man, and member and chairman of the collections and the photographic records committees of the Department of Anthropology (1970s-1980s). He also had special interests in the department's library and processing lab. Gibson held several offices and committee memberships with the Anthropological Society of Washington during the 1960s and 1970s; and he served as film review editor of the American Anthropologist during the 1960s and 1970s. In 1980, he was chairman of a committee that studied the feasibility of establishing a Smithsonian Institution Museum of Man.

Except for a small amount of material on the Himba, almost all papers concern Gibson's committee activities and, to a lesser degree, his curatorial work. Regarding the latter, there seems little concerning acquisition of African specimens and even less concerning exhibits, both areas in which Gibson was active. There are a few documents, including letters, newspaper clippings, catalogs, and photographs, that concern the Smithsonian's Herbert Ward collection of African materials. There are also several collections of color slides given to Gibson, including items from the following: 1947 Kepler Lewis-Morden African Expedition to Kenya (Turkana, Suk, and Keyu subjects); P. Fénykövi (Bushmen in Angola); the Doyle Collection at Princeton University (Kuba, Pende specimens); Ann S. Wood collection (Lega carvings); Priscilla Reining (Haya drum); 1962 United States National Museum Expedition to Madagascar; Janet Stone (cloth dyeing by Makenyi); Mimi Thieme (Yoruba clothing); National Geographic Society (Ghana royal umbrellas and Volkmar Wentzel photographs taken in Angola); R.M. Davis (Bushmen); and miscellaneous sources (Teda caravan, Luba king, Ashanti king, Gola dancer, Ruanda drums, Chamba figurines, Bunda masks, pastoral Pokot subjects, and views of Zimbabwe).

Correspondents include Robert McC. Adams, J. Paul Bohannan, Marian W. Cavendish, Charles Dibble, David W. Doyle, J.J. Fenykovi, Lunda Hoyle Gill, G.W. Hartley, Margaret Mead, Deric O'Bryan, Warren M. Robbins, Jo Ann T. Stanley, Janet Stone, Roger Summers, Sol Tax, Darius and Mimi Thieme, William Trousdale, Colin Turnbull, Charles Wagley, and Volkmar Wentzel.

DATES: 1957-1983

QUANTITY: ca. 1.9 linear meters (ca. 6.3 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Correspondence, 1957-1983; (2) organization file; (3) Museum of Man committee, 1980; (4) records as film review editor for the American Anthropologist, 1964-1971; (5) subject file (Center for the Study of Man), ca. 1965-1976; (6) records relating to the Old World Division, ca. 1962-1971; (7) records concerning the [Smithsonian] bicentennial and symposia, 1967-1970; (8) records concerning the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology and Department of Anthropology, ca. 1965-1981; (9) bibliographies; (10) records concerning the Smithsonian Institution, 1963-1979; (11) records concerning the National Museum of Natural History, United States National Museum, and Assistant Secretary for Science, 1965-1977; (12) records concerning the Senate of Scientists, 1963-1983; (13) "rules and regulations"; (14) material relating to the Herbert Ward collection; (15) photographic collections (slides); (16) African drafts and notes

FINDING AID: Folder list


Glady Gilbert was an employee of the Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development. She formed the collection while she was in Nepal.

The collection consists of photographs of Nepal and India, including especially portraits of the Rana family, who ruled as prime ministers of Nepal. There are also portraits of the kings of Nepal and the Maharajah of Jaipur. In addition, there are photographs of hunting, military parades, and religious and civic ceremonies and a set of photographs showing Katmandu and Bhaktipur during the 1920s. A few photographs show Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, Louis Mountbattan, and the Indian cabinet shortly after independence. Another set shows Nehru visiting Ladakh. Other photographs show British royalty, including Prince Albert Victor, King George V, and Queen Mary. Many other prominent Europeans are included.

DATES: ca. 1870-1950

QUANTITY: ca. 400 photographs and postcards

ARRANGEMENT: Not discernible

FINDING AID: Appraiser's list

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 91-27


De Lancey W. Gill was a Washington, D.C., artist who gained recognition for his watercolors. Between 1884 and 1898, he served as a draftsman and, then, illustrations editor for the United States Geological Survey. Beginning in 1889, he was also illustrations editor for the Bureau of American Ethnology and remained in the latter position until 1932. When he became a regular BAE staff member in the late 1890s, he began to take photographs of Indian visitors to Washington as an additional duty.

The prints, mostly platinum, were originally part of a framed display. See also platinum prints that are part of Photo Lot 85, Miscellaneous BAE Photographs that may relate to an exhibit of photographs of Indians that Gill mounted in 1913-1914. The exhibit was shown at the New York Public Library and in Providence, Rhode Island; Haverford, Massachusetts; and several cities in Indiana. Gill took many photographs in the exhibit but it also included the works of several other photographers.

DATE: Probably ca. 1913 (date of prints)

QUANTITY: 12 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 79-4


Ives Goddard attended Harvard University (Ph.D., 1969) and taught there for several years. He was a linguist in the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology 1976-2007 and has been Senior Linguist Emeritus since 2007.

The papers are a miscellany that includes linguistic and ethnographic fieldnotes (1964-2005), teaching materials, student papers, papers for scholarly meetings, and research materials. There are handouts for an introductory course on Algonquian and papers and notes on Arapaho linguistic history, Conoy linguistics (including a transcription of texts--Christian prayers copied from a book once belonging to Henry Harrison [1652-1700]), Delaware social organization and ceremonies, Malecite prosodics, Menominee phonetics (w-umlaut), and the Uto-Aztecan pronominal system. There is also a copy of a Yurok word list by Howard Berman and a copy of a manuscript on Alsea grammar by Leo J. Frachtenburg.

Goddard's fieldnotes document the Arapaho, Caddo, Dutch, Kickapoo, Maliseet, Meskwaki (Fox), Munsee, Onondaga , Penobscot, Peoria. Shawnee, Unami, Western Abenaki and Wyandot languages. Also included are Arapaho, English-Meskwaki, and Proto-Algonquian slip files; annotated printouts of draft editions of Meskwaki (Fox) manuscripts in the NAA; and transcriptions of sound recordings and texts.

DATES: 1965-1975

QUANTITY: ca. .13 linear meter (ca. 5 linear inches)

RESTRICTIONS: Fieldnotes and sound recordings are restricted during Dr. Goddard's lifetime.

GOLDFRANK, ESTHER SCHIFF (1896-1997), Papers

Esther Goldfrank took an undergraduate course under Franz Boas when she was at Barnard College. While she took graduate courses between 1919 and 1922, she became his secretary between 1919 and 1922 while she was taking graduate courses in anthropology at Columbia University. With the financial and intellectual assistance of Elsie Clews Parsons, she traveled with Boas and his wife in the Southwest and, between 1920 and 1922, studied the Indians at Laguna and Cochiti. Out of this work came Social and Ceremonial Organization of Chochiti, Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association, number 23, 1927. Although she married Walter Goldfrank in 1922 and became a homemaker, her interest in Pueblo life continued. In 1924, as arranged by Parsons, she pursued field work at Isleta for the Southwest Society.

After her husband's death in 1935, Goldfrank worked for Caroline Zachry's Study of Adolescents for the Progressive Education Association Commission on Secondary School Curriculum. Later she became a nondegree graduate student in anthropology, again at Columbia University. In 1939, she took part in a study of four Blackfoot tribes directed by Ruth F. Benedict. Its purpose was to determine differences in the effects of American and Canadian policies on similar cultures. Goldfrank worked with the Canadian Blood Indians, and she reported it in Changing Configurations in the Social Organization of a Blackfoot Tribe during the Reserve Period, J.J. Austin, 1945.

In 1940, Goldfrank married Karl A. Wittfogel and, in 1943, became staff anthropologist for Wittfogel's Chinese History Project. Shortly after her marriage, she also undertook library studies of historical aspects of Teton Dakota culture. Her interest in Pueblo cultures continued; and, in 1962, as editor, she published Elsie Clews Parsons' Isleta Paintings, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 181. In 1967, her own Artist of "Isleta Paintings" in Pueblo Society was issued as Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology, volume 3. Influence by her husband's thinking, she also became interested in the implications for southwestern cultures of the need to control water.

Goldfrank has been active with several anthropological organizations but especially with the American Ethnological Society. She served as its secretary-treasurer in 1945-1947 and its president in 1948. In the latter position, she was concerned with the AES constitution, especially, its article on the relationship with the American Anthropological Association. She was also the AES editor in 1952-1956.

The collection largely concerns Goldfrank's professional life in anthropology. She used some material, especially the correspondence, in her autobiographical Notes on an Undirected Life, New York, Queens College Press, 1978.

Much field material and many reading notes relate to Goldfrank's work on the Pueblo, Navaho, Blood, and Teton Dakota. There is also material of colleagues, which they seem to have given her directly. Margaret Mead acquired other material, particularly that of Benedict's Blackfoot project, and sent to Goldfrank. Included are field notes or manuscript articles by Benedict, Harry D. Biele, Marjorie Lismer, Jane Richardson, and George D. Spindler. Most photographs concern Goldfrank's early travels with Franz Boas and Harvey Biele's work with the Bloods. There are also copies of illustrations used in her autobiography.

Correspondents include David F. Aberle, John Adair, M.F. Ashley Montagu, Victor Barnouw, Ruth F. Benedict, John W. Bennet, David Bidney, Franz Boas, Charles E. Borden, George F. Carter, Benjamin N. Colby, Malcolm Collier, Henry B. Collins, Carleton S. Coon, Katie Day and Solomon Day, George Devereux, René d'Harnoncourt, Charles C. Di Peso, Frederick J. Dockstader, Edward P. Dozier, Dorothy W. Eggan, Fred R. Eggan, Robert Endleman, Sam J. Ervin, Kent V. Flannery, George M. Foster, Walter R. Goldschmidt, Victor Golla, Ward H. Goodenough, Blanche C. Grant, A. James Gregor, James B. Griffin, Robert A. Hackenberg, Alfred I. Hallowell, Edward S.C. Handy, June Hanks, Byron Harvey III, Emil W. Haury, Robert J. Havighurst, Florence M. Hawley, E. Adamson Hoebel, John J. Honigmann, Francis L.K. Hsu, J. Charles Kelley, Alfred V. Kidder, Solon T. Kimball, Clyde Kluckhohn, Alfred L. Kroeber, R. Weston LaBarre, Oliver La Farge, Charles H. Lange, Edward P. Lanning, Dorothea C. Leighton, Joe B. Lente, Oscar Lewis, Edward M. Loeb, John P. Lucero, Richard S. Lyman, Carling Malouf, David G. Mandelbaum, J. Alden Mason, Margaret Mead, Bea Medicine, Judith Modell, George P. Murdock, Robert Murphy, Nels C. Nelson, Stanley S. Newman, Alfonso Ortiz, Elsie Clews Parsons, Herbert Parsons, Verne F. Ray, Robert Redfield, Fritz Redl, Gladys A. Reichard, Jane Richardson, Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr., Dwight Robinson, Mark Ross, Peter G. Slater, John Slawson, M. Estellie Smith, Frank G. Speck, Leslie Spier, George D. Spindler, Matthew W. Stirling, Morris Swadesh, George Talbot, Sol Tax, Mischa Titier, George L. Trager, Caroline Trujillo, Evon Z. Vogt, Mary Sue Walker, Ruth Wallis, James B. Watson, Leslie A. White, Natalie F.S. Woodbury, and Richard B. Woodbury.

DATES: 1920-1980

QUANTITY: ca. 2 linear meters (ca. 7 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Correspondence arranged by correspondent or subject; (2) correspondence in chronological order; (3) correspondence regarding Isleta Paintings; (4) manuscripts by Goldfrank; (5) material from other anthropologists; (6) printed material; (7) miscellany; (8) transparencies of artwork from Isleta Paintings and facsimiles of Joe B. Lente letters; (9) photographs

FINDING AID: Anna Z. Thompson, Register to the Papers of Esther Schiff Goldfrank. National Anthropological Archives, 1998.

RESTRICTIONS: Living informants are not to be mentioned in publications. No material is to be used to defame any individual. Transparencies of Isleta Paintings and copies of letters of Lente cannot be reproduced (copies should be obtained from the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia).


Marcus S. Goldstein is a physical anthropologist who has specialized in paleopathology, the health of American Blacks, and aspects of migration. Formerly an employee with the United States National Museum, he has worked more recently in various capacities with United States government agencies concerned with health.

The collection includes two types of material: (1) miscellaneous correspondence and (2) photographs, notes, drafts of writings, tables, and other material relating to the physical anthropology of Texas Indians. The correspondence concerns publications, professional organizations, special projects relating to museums and racial attitudes, and personal relations with colleagues.

Correspondents include J. Lawrence Angel, Juan Comas, George C. Marius Engerrand, Henry Field, Stanley M. Garn, Khwaja Arif Hasan, Wilton M. Krogman, Gabriel W. Lasker, Alexander Lesser, Howard V. Meredith, Marshall T. Newman, and Harry L. Shapiro.

DATES: 1940s-1960s

QUANTITY: ca. .25 meters (ca .75 linear foot)



RESTRICTIONS: Correspondence is restricted during the correspondent's lifetime.


For brief notes on Marcus S. Goldstein's career, see the preceding description.

The locale for most are the University of Texas and Louisiana State University. Included are informal portraits of Alex D. Krieger, Charles Kelly, William B. Newell, and Goldstein. There are also views of the University of Texas Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, a site at Marshall Ford, and an Indian mound on the LSU campus.

DATE: ca. 1940

QUANTITY: 9 prints



In 1929-1932, James Reid Graham was Presbyterian missionary at Gordon College, Rawalpindi, in the Punjab. The photographs record journeys to and from India and trips within that country. Many concern a trip between Khyber and Leh and particularly focus on central Kashmir. Others show scenes in many locations in northern India and Pakistan, including Amritsar, Benares, Lahore, Peshewar, and Rawalpindi. There are also photographs made in Goa, southern India, Ceylon, Egypt, Greece, Palestine, Syria, Hong Kong, Japan, and Hawaii.

The photographs show many subjects, including scenic views (especially mountains), religious shrines and objects (including some pertaining to St. Francis Xavier), portraits, dwellings, other structures, views of towns and cities, crafts, arts, transportation (human, yak, donkey, boat, and rickshaw), games (particularly polo and field hockey), camps, weaving, schoolboys, and Boy Scouts. Most negatives and many prints are identified.

DATES: ca. 1929-1932

QUANTITY: ca. 2000 prints and 1500 negatives


FINDING AID: None (negatives are identified by lists in the albums)

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 88-37


During World War II, Grant was a U.S. Army Air Force intelligence officer stationed in the Pacific. While there, he took a special interest in the peoples of the Ellice, Gilbert, and Mariana islands. The material consists mainly of photographs made on these islands. There are also notes, clippings, and maps. In addition, there are military papers and aerial photographs made over China, Japan, and other Pacific islands.

DATES: 1943-1945

QUANTITY: ca. 2 linear meters (ca. 7 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: By geographic area plus a series of oversized material and one of maps

FINDING AID: Draft register


The lot includes informal portraits showing face decoration and hairdress. One image shows two men smoking yapo.

DATE: 1970

QUANTITY: 4 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 79-31


Included are mounted prints that show graves of Chippewa (Red Lake), Crow (Iron Bull, Crazy Wolf, and Ten Bears), and Ponca. Some photographs are by Father Peter Paulus Prando; one is by Truman W. Ingersoll.

DATE: No date

QUANTITY: 11 prints


CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 66D


Willard E. Graves was an American missionary who, in 1908-1913, served as principal of the Methodist Episcopal School for Boys in Rangoon. His collection of slides, mostly hand colored, were possibly used in lectures. Included are maps and sheets of music. Many slides bear the label of the Christian Lecture Bureau in Chicago.

The images were taken in several different places, including Rangoon, Mandalay, Pyu, unidentified towns, and the countryside. They show government buildings, Christian missions, Buddhist pagodas, Muslim mosques, monks and missionaries, industry, work elephants, agriculture, dress and body decoration, and dance. The people are Burmans, Chins, Karens, Shans, Indians, and whites. A tape made in 1970 by the Reverend Harry Harwood, who taught at the same school as Graves but later, includes a commentary on the slides.

DATES: Probably around 1908-1913

QUANTITY: 67 items


CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 75-7


Beginning in 1914, Robert Flaherty made one of the first ethnographic films Nanook of the North among the Eskimo of Hudson Strait and Hopewell Sound in Quebec. These platinum presentation stills include Eskimo subjects mainly.

DATES: ca. 1914-1922

QUANTITY: 14 items

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 90-17


This is a copy print showing the writer of Western adventure novels and a Navaho Indian.

DATES: No date

QUANTITY: 1 print

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 38


William M. Groethe is a professional photographer from Rapid City, South Dakota. He made the photographs at Custer State Park, South Dakota, where survivors from the Battle of the Little Big Horn met on September 2, 1948. Included are Nicholas Black Elk, Comes Again, Dewey Beard, High Eagle, Iron Hawk, Little Warrior, Little Soldier, Pemmican, and John Sitting Bull (not himself a survivor).

QUANTITY: 10 prints

RESTRICTION: The photographs are under copyright.

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 92-14

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