Register to the Papers of
Laura Thompson

By Joy Elizabeth Rohde

National Anthropological Archives
Smithsonian Institution

November 2000



Scope and Content Note

Chronology of the Life of Laura Thompson

Series Descriptions and Container Lists

Fiji, 1933-1995

Germany, 1934-1991

Guam, 1938-1996

Indian Personality, Education and Administration Research Project, 1941-1992

Iceland, 1952-1981

Institute of Human Values, 1973-1982

Manuscripts and research, 1935-1994

Professional correspondence, 1943-1992

Publications, 1932-1991

Personal Papers, 1905-1997


The papers of Laura Thompson (1905-2000), applied anthropologist and anthropological consultant, were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by the creator periodically over 25 years. Thompson conducted fieldwork in Oceania, the Southwestern United States and Europe; she taught at numerous institutions and served as a consultant for many organizations, including the Naval Government of Guam and the Office of Indian Affairs, throughout her career. Thompson's papers reflect her involvement in each of these activities as well as her desire to formulate a unifying theory of applied anthropology that would address issues including environmentalism and overpopulation.

Portions of the collection, in particular materials from the Indian Personality, Education and Administration Research Project, are restricted in use.

This collection occupies 27 linear feet of shelf space.

Scope and Content Note

The papers of Laura Thompson reflect the professional and personal life of an active and pioneering anthropologist. In the 1930s, Thompson began her work in applied anthropology, producing studies of Fiji, Guam and Hawaii intended to aid administrators of economic, educational and political development and pioneering approaches now known as "administrative" and "educational" anthropology. In the 1940s, Thompson applied her skills to the Indian Personality, Education and Administration Research Project, a study of eleven communities of five Native American tribes. From the 1950s until the end of her career, Thompson sought to formulate and demonstrate a theoretical anthropological synthesis of man and culture, while pursuing fieldwork in Iceland and Germany, teaching, and consulting for numerous institutions.

Included in this collection are field diaries, numerous manuscripts and lectures, research materials, correspondence, sound recordings and ethnographic photographs. Also included are various subject and index files maintained by Thompson for her many research projects. The collection is particularly rich in unpublished manuscripts that Thompson created from 1950 to the mid 1990s. Manuscript topics include particular field sites, such as Fiji and West Germany, as well as Thompson's critical and theoretical exposition regarding the future of applied anthropology, variously titled "Clinical" and "Holistic Anthropology."

Numerous materials pertaining to Thompson's personal life are also located in the collection, including personal diaries and professional awards, correspondence with friends and family, and personal photographs of Thompson from infancy to old age. Located in Thompson's personal papers are her writings from late in life, in which she addressed aging through her anthropological sensibilities, recorded formative memories from her youth, and projected the future of a world rife with injustice and environmental destruction.

A large portion of the Laura Thompson papers include documents from the Indian Personality, Education and Administration (IPEA) Project, initiated by the Office of Indian Affairs and the University of Chicago Committee on Human Development. This investigation of five Native American tribes includes the results of over 1000 psychological studies of native children. Materials included encompass the protocols for and implementation of the project, as well as field reports, psychological tests, correspondence, worker supervision reports and final analyses of findings. Included is a copy of the project's published final report, Personality and Government (1951). The bulk of the records date between 1941and 47; related material spans as late as 1992. Correspondents primarily include project members and consultants, particularly: John Collier, A. I. Hallowell, Maud Hallowell, Royal Hassrick, Robert Havinghurst, Alice Joseph, Bruno Klopfer, Clyde Kluckhohn, Dorothea Leighton, D'Arcy McNickle, Trude Schmidl-Waehner, Heinrich Schultz, Ruth Underhill, and W. Lloyd Warner. The papers of the IPEA Project are restricted in use.

Additional material in the NAA relating to the IPEA Research Project can be found in the following collections: Indian Personality and Administration Research Project Papers, donated by Robert J. Havighurst, and the Dorothea Cross Leighton papers. A list of publications resulting from findings of the project can be found in the Thompson collection accession folder.

Nearly absent from the collection are materials reflecting Thompson's fieldwork in Hawaii, her marriages to Bernhard Tüting and John Collier, and manuscripts of her early publications.

Correspondents in Thompson's papers include:

Ruth BENEDICT, Charles W. COLLIER, John COLLIER, Malcolm COLLIER, Cora DUBOIS, Fred EGGAN, Alfred EMERSON, Kenneth EMORY, Frederick V. FIELD, Roland W. FORCE, Derek FREEMAN, Ann Pinson GILL, Peggy GOLDE, A. I. HALLOWELL, Maude HALLOWELL, Royal HASSRICK, Robert HAVINGHURST, Alice JOSEPH, Felix KEESING, Lawrence KELLY, Bruno KLOPFER, Clyde KLUCKHOHN, A. L. KROEBER, Harry S. LADD, Bruno LASKER, Dorothy LEE, Dorothea LEIGHTON, Charles F. LOOMIS, Katherine LOUMALA, Robert H. LOWIE, John R. MACCORMACK, Bronislaw MALINOWSKI, D'Arcy MCNICKLE, Margaret MEAD, Robert REDFIELD, Trude SCHMIDL-WAEHNER, Heinrich SCHULTZ, Leslie SPIER, George D. SPINDLER, Rebecca STEVENSON, Ratu J. L. V. SUKUNA (District Commissioner of Lau), Alfred TOZZER, W. Lloyd WARNER and Alvin WOLFE.

Chronology of the Life of Laura Thompson

1905 Born in Honolulu, Hawaii on January 2
1923 Graduated from Punahou Academy, Hawaii
1927 Bachelor of Arts, Mills College, California
1928 Graduate studies in anthropology, Radcliffe College and Harvard University, Massachusetts
1929-33 Graduate studies in anthropology, University of California, Berkeley
1929-34 Assistant Ethnologist, Bishop Museum, Hawaii
1931-32 Fellow, Bishop Museum, Hawaii
1933 Ph.D. in anthropology, University of California, Berkeley
1933-34 Lau Islands, Fiji, fieldwork
1934-37 Germany, travel and research
1938-39 Guam, fieldwork under U.S. Naval Government and University of Hawaii
1938-40 Consultant, U. S. Naval Government of Guam
1940-41 Social Scientist, Community Survey of Education, Hawaii
1941 Co-founder, Society for Applied Anthropology. Graduate work in Human Development, University of Chicago, Illinois
1941-47 Coordinator, Indian Personality, Education, and Administration Research Project
1941-43 Fieldwork among the Navaho, Papago, Pine ridge Sioux, and Zuni Indians; fieldwork at Poston War Relocation Camp
1942-44 Consultant, U. S. Office of Indian Affairs
1946 Papago Indians, fieldwork
1946-54 Research consultant, Institute of Ethnic Affairs (Washington D.C. and New York
1952 Iceland, fieldwork
1954-56 Professor of Anthropology, City College of New York
1957-58 Visiting Professor of Anthropology, University of North Carolina
1958-59 Research fellow, Laboratories of Anthropology, University of North Carolina
1959-60 Visiting Professor, North Carolina State College
1960 Iceland, fieldwork
1961 Distinguished Visiting Professor, Pennsylvania State University. Visiting professor, Utah State University (summer)
1961-62 Professor of Anthropology, University of Southern Illinois
1962 Visiting Professor, University of Hawaii (summer)
1962-63 Professor of Anthropology, San Francisco State College.
1964 Lecturer, Brooklyn College, CUNY
1974 Honorary Ll.D., Mills College, CA
1976 Board of Governors, Institute of Human Values, St. Mary's University, Halifax
1977 Ancient Order of the Chammori (Honor for public service in Guam)
1979 Malinowski Award, Society for Applied Anthropology
1985 Returned to Hawaii
2000 Died January 29


Series Descriptions and Container Lists

1. FIJI. 1933-1995. [1.5 ft.]

Materials arranged alphabetically by document type and chronologically therein; notes and photographs arranged alphabetically by subject. Index files and photos placed at end of series. Dates non-inclusive.

Thompson conducted fieldwork in Kambara, on Lau, Fiji from October 1933 to April 1934 with her first husband, Bernhard Tüting. This series includes incoming and outgoing correspondence, field notes, topical notebooks and manuscripts related to Thompson's investigations. Original manuscripts for Thompson's Fijian Frontier (1940) are not found in the collection.

Correspondents include colleagues, grant-awarding institutions and publishing companies. Manuscript materials for Thompson's unpublished book, "Famine Isles," are filed in the order in which they were received. These materials also include correspondence with publishers and research notes directly related to the manuscript. Documents filed as "notes" include both field and research notes; most are undated, but they appear to have been compiled by Thompson as she synthesized the results of her field study.

Photographs, which are located at the end of the series, consist primarily of fifty-four prints of twenty-eight different images, eleven of which were published in "Southern Lau, Fiji: An Ethnography" (1940). Many are stamped "credit to B.P. Bishop Museum," and it is presumed that all are from the Bishop Museum. For that reason, the NAA cannot grant reproduction permission.

Box 1

[Correspondence re: Fijian Frontier, 1939-40].

Correspondence re: Lau, [1934-36].

Correspondence re: Lau, [1937].

Correspondence re: Lau, [1938].

Correspondence re: Lau, [1939].

Correspondence re: Lau, [1940-42, 1948, n.d.].

[Correspondence re:] Fiji, [1943-44; 1968-70, 1979, n.d.].

[Correspondence with] Lote Buinimasi, [1975-76, 1978, 1980].

[Correspondence with Pacific Manuscripts Bureau, 1989-90].

Diary [I and II, 10-3-33 to 10-11-33 and 10-13-33 to 11-11-33].

Diary [III and IV, 11-14-33 to 1-2-34 and n.d.].

Diary [V and VI, 2-17-34 to 3-15-34 and 3-15-34 to 3-24-34].

Diary [VII and VIII, 3-24-34 to 3-30-34 and 3-30-34 to 4-13-34].

Diary [IX 4-16-34 to 4-24-34].

[Field notebooks]: 1933-34, Archaeology; Census.

[Field notebooks]: 1933-34, Economic Life and General; Medicine, Nature Lore, Birth.

Box 2

[Field notebooks]: 1933-34, Mekes and Folk-Lore; Museum Collection.

[Field notebooks]: 1933-34, Social Organization.

[Field notebooks: untitled, n.d. (2 notebooks)].

[Fiji itinerary, 1933-34].

Lau field notes: genealogies, original field charts, 1933-34 (2 folders).

Lau field notes: maps, processed data, population and kinship terms, 1933-34.

[Manuscripts:] Outline for field work, Fiji, written at request of M. Mead, 1935.

Manuscripts: Tupou, Manu [1964].

[Manuscripts:] correspondence, Famine Isles, [1979-82].

[Manuscripts:] Famine Isles, Part I, draft copy, 1979, [and preface, 1980].

[Manuscripts:] Famine Isles, working copy, 1982 (2 folders).

Box 3

[Manuscripts: Famine Isles, draft portions, 1982?] (2 folders).

[Manuscripts:] Letters from Fiji, 1933-34 [draft 1, 1988?].

[Manuscripts:] Letters from Fiji, 1933-34 [draft 2, February and March, 1989].

[Manuscripts: Famine Isles, draft portions and] Letters from Fiji [1990].

[Manuscripts: Famine Isles, draft, 1995] (2 folders).

[Manuscripts: Famine Isles: drafts - miscellaneous, n.d.].

[Manuscripts:] Famine Isles: notes [drafts- miscellaneous, n.d.].

[Manuscripts:] Famine Isles: [miscellaneous materials, n.d.].

[Manuscripts:] Famine Isles: notes - to complete [n.d.].

[Manuscripts:] Problem of "totemism" in southern Lau, a reply, Oceania, [n.d.].

[Notes:] Adaptation, Lau.

[Notes: Bibliographic and other].

[Notes: collected articles re: Fiji, 1952-81, n.d.].

Box 4

[Notes: Fiji legislative council reports, 1936-37].

[Notes:] Fiji medicine, [1943].

[Notes:] Fiji miscellaneous material; [includes paper by B. Tuting].

[Notes:] Fijian kinship chart.

[Notes: Hawaiian kinship].

[Notes: Kinship, religion, including drafts of related articles].

[Notes:] Lau [including social ecology class, 1961].

Notes: Lau: field and museum [including drawings of specimens].

Notes: Marriage and kinship.

[Notes:] Population, Lau.

[Notes:] Population of Lau, Analysis, 1933-34.

[Notes:] Social structure.

[Notes:] Socialization of Lau.

[Notes:] Translation from Lau.

[Notes: General reading notes, Fiji and Polynesia [historical and ethnographic]. (See: Index Cards - Box 51)

[Notes: reading and field by subject; (unidentified placed at beginning)].

[Notes from field, miscellaneous topics, unordered].

[Notes: research by topic].

[Notes: Bibliographic by topic].

Illustrations for use when book is revised and reissued.

[Maps, Fiji].

[Photos and drawings:] Adzes of the Lau, Fiji.

[Photos:] Fiji, Lau.

[Slides: Fiji maps and other].

2. GERMANY. 1934-1991. [13 in.]

Arranged alphabetically by document type, chronologically therein; notes and photographs arranged alphabetically by subject. Dates non-inclusive. Index files, maps and photographs are located at the end of the series.

Between 1934 and 1937, Thompson lived in Germany with her husband, Bernhard Tuting, and his family. After returning to the United States in 1938, Thompson delivered lectures about life in Nazi Germany which are included in this series. Correspondence during this period includes letters from Thompson to her family; few outgoing letters are included. Annotations in pencil on these letters were added at a later date when Thompson edited the material for an intended book based upon her personal letters sent from the field. Manuscript versions of "Letters from Germany" are included with Thompson's Germany manuscripts. Original letters between 1934 and 1935 are absent from the collection.

Thompson maintained her interest in German culture throughout her professional life. In 1952 and again in 1960, she returned to Germany to conduct the research which formed the basis for her book-length manuscript about Saxon values. Drafts for the book are filed alphabetically under the heading, "Saxony core values." Related values manuscripts may be found in Series 7. Manuscripts in this series also include papers that Thompson wrote in the 1940s but later edited and may have submitted for the Human Relations Area Files. Notes in this series include index reference files as well as research materials.

Box 4 (cont.)

[Correspondence]: Personal letters from Germany, 1934-37 [1936 only].

[Correspondence:] Personal letters from Germany, 1934-37. [1937 only].

[Correspondence: Saxony core values project, 1941, 1949, 1951-53].

Correspondence: Woehlke [Walter, 1951-52].

[Correspondence: Helmut Plath, Hannover Museum für Volkskunde, 1960, 1966-67].

[Correspondence:] Unpublished letters from Germany, 1960.

[Field notes: Interviews, 1952-53].

[Field notes: Interviews, July 1960].

Box 5

[Field notes: Museum research, July 1960].

[Lectures:] Two years under Hitler, May 19, 1938.

[Lectures:] Propaganda in Germany, June 7, 1938.

[Lectures:] Women in Nazi Germany, June 28, 1938.

[Manuscripts:] Interview on Germany, 1937.

[Manuscripts:] Nordics under the Nazis, 1938.

[Manuscripts:] Two Years under Hitler, 1938.

[Manuscripts: Life on a German Farmstead, 1943, 1985, n.d.].

Manuscripts: German family [bilateral German kinship, 1952].

[Manuscripts: Westphalian community, outline, 1953].

[Manuscripts:] Culture history of Old Saxon community in northwestern Germany, 1953 [research proposals].

[Manuscripts:] Foundations of Teutonic Culture, 1953 [edited 1991].

[Manuscripts:] Peoples I have known - Lower Saxons, 1960.

[Manuscripts:] Experiencing the Third Reich, 1978 [fragment].

[Manuscripts:] Lower Saxons of Germany [1986].

[Manuscripts:] Lower Saxons of Northwestern Germany [1988].

[Manuscripts:] Lower Saxons of Northwestern Germany, 1988, short version.

[Manuscripts:] A view from inside the Third Reich, 1988.

[Manuscripts:] Letters from Germany,[annotated copy, years 1934-35, n.d.].

[Manuscripts:] Letters from Germany, 1934-35 [n.d.].

[Manuscripts:] Letters from Germany, 1936-37 [partial draft, n.d.].

[Manuscripts: Miscellaneous notes regarding drafts, n.d.].

[Manuscripts:] Nazi propaganda [n.d.].

[Manuscripts: Untitled, n.d.].

[Manuscripts: Untitled draft, Secret of Culture chapter, n.d.].


[Text plan and table of contents, 1951-53].

Chapter 16: 20th century, 1900-WWII [field interviews and research, 1952-53].

Chapter 1: Outlines and Lower Saxon community farm [manuscripts, 1953, 1960, n.d.].

Chapter 1: Outlines and Lower Saxon community farm [research, 1953, n.d.].

Chapter 2: Geology and geography, [research and draft, 1953].

[Chapter 2: The Mesolithic era manuscript and notes 1953].

Box 6

[Chapter 3: Neolithic, research, 1953, 1964, n.d.] (2 folders).

Chapter 4: Bronze age, [draft and notes, 1953, n.d.].

Chapter 5: Northern core culture, [draft and notes, 1953].

Chapter 6: Early Iron Age, [multiple drafts and research, 1953, n.d.].

Chapter 7: Roman Catholic Crisis, [drafts and research, 1953, 1963].

Chapter 15: 19th and 20th centuries, [draft and research, 1953].

Chapter 4: Europe values [drafts and research, 1962-63].

Chapter 3: Mesolithic [manuscript, 1963].

[Bibliographies and reading notes, n.d.].

Chapter 8: Old Saxon culture, post-Roman, pre-Charlemagne, [draft, n.d.].

Chapter 8: Old Saxon culture, post-Roman, pre-Charlemagne, [research, n.d.].

Chapter 12: Late Middle Ages, (14th century to Reformation), [research, n.d.].

[Chapter 12: Lower Saxons of West Germany, draft, n.d.].

Geography [draft fragment and research, n.d.].

[Notes: collected articles and clippings].

[Notes: Germany, historical].

Box 7

[Notes: Germany, miscellaneous]

[Notes:] West Germany.

[Notes:] West Germany [Lower Saxons bibliographies].

[Notes: regarding] unpublished letters from Germany, 1960.

[Notes: reading notes by author] (See: Index Cards - Box 51).

[Notes: Saxony core values bibliographic notes by subject] (See: Index Cards - Box 52).

[Publications: 1938, 1967].

Maps: Lower Saxons, rejects.

Photographs: Lower Saxons.

[Photographs, 1960 and n.d.].

[Slides: scenery, n.d.]. (Contains glass).

3. GUAM. 1938-1996. [14 in.]

Materials are ordered alphabetically by document type and chronologically therein; notes and photographs ordered alphabetically by subject. Dates non-inclusive. Photographs are located at the end of the series.

Invited by the island's Naval governor to evaluate the local educational sysytem, Laura Thompson first conducted field research in Guam from 1938 to 1939. This study resulted in the publication of Guam and its People (1947). During her stay in Guam, Thompson also traveled to Asia; letters and materials from this trip are located in this series. Thompson maintained her interest in Guam, its administrative problems, and particularly the plights of the Chamorro people. She returned to the island a number of times in her career, including in 1977 and 1987, and maintained personal and professional relationships with colleagues and informants.

Professional correspondence is both ingoing and outgoing; personal correspondence is almost entirely composed by Thompson. Correspondents include Thompson's family, colleagues, informants and Guamanian government officials. Thompson's letters to her family during her first trip to the field were later annotated for inclusion in a projected volume of letters from the field. Correspondents Becky Stephenson and her husband, Hiro Kurashina, were close friends as well as colleagues of Thompson's. They became Thompson's literary executors in the mid 1990s and some correspondence between Stephenson and Thompson relates to the publication of Thompson's autobiography, Beyond the Dream.

Thompson's field studies include her itinerary, field notes, and an index to her field diary from 1938 and 1939, as well as notes she collected during her trip to the Orient. Few materials in the collection relate to Thompson's seminal work, Guam and Its People.

Box 7

Correspondence: Guam and Orient trip, [from Thompson to family, 1938-39].

[Correspondence: personal] letters from Guam, [1938-39] (including annotations for typed version).

Correspondence: Guam job [and personal, 1963-78, non-inclusive].

[Correspondence: General professional, 1963-90, non-inclusive].

[Correspondence:] Perez, Jesse "Sus," [1972-90, non-inclusive].

[Correspondence:] Bishop Flores, [1976-78].

[Correspondence: Becky] Stephenson and [Hiro] Kurashina, [1981-96] (5 folders).

Correspondence: Guam court case [land ownership, 1981-83, 1989].

[Correspondence:] Gallagher, [John, regarding health on Guam, 1983].

[Correspondence:] Human Relations Area Files, Areal Summaries, [including manuscript, 1988-89].

[Correspondence:] Guam abortion ban case, [1990].

[Correspondence: Chamorro people, 1992].

Box 8

[Field journal:] Index to Guam journal.

[Field journal:] Journal and field notes, 1938-39.

[Field journal:] Orient [includes personal letters, 1939].

[Field journal: Orient, annotated copies, 1939].

[Field journal:] Orient notes [and financial records, 1939].

[Field study: Cockfighting, 1938-39].

Field study: [Interviews, 1938-39].

[Field study: Itinerary and notes (including letter from Jesus C. Barcinas), 1938-39].

[Lectures and addresses, 1929, 1947].

[Lecture drafts: The Enduring Chamorro Character, 1977].

[Lecture: Global Treasures of Guam, drafts and notes, c. 1990s].

Manuscripts, unpublished, based upon talks by Thompson, [1939].

[Manuscripts: "Guam," outline for planned text (?), c. 1945 (?)].

[Manuscripts: "Naval Government of Guam," report to United Nations, 1946-47].

[Manuscripts: "People of Guam," "Alcohol and Drugs," 1960].

[Manuscripts on Guam revised for autobiography, 1981].

Manuscripts on Guam, unpublished [regarding occupation and Naval government, 1981].

[Manuscripts: Autobiographical, 1987].

[Manuscripts:] Guam revisited, 1987 [personal reflections].

[Manuscripts:] Talking Stones, 1987 [draft of talk].

[Manuscripts]: Ethics Paper, New ethical perspective [research notes only, n.d.].[Manuscripts:] Letters from Guam, 1938-39, [n.d.].

[Manuscripts:] Letters from the Orient, 1939, [n.d.].

[Manuscript fragment: Community development, n.d.].

[Notes: Bibliographic references, n.d.].

[Notes]: Canoes, unpublished, [1938-39].

[Notes: Chamorro culture, 1938-39, 1981, n.d.].

[Notes: Clippings Guam and Micronesia, 1962-76].

Box 9

[Notes: Clippings Guam and Micronesia, 1977].

[Notes: Clippings Guam and Micronesia, 1978-1987, n.d.].

[Notes:] Disease and Guam, [1988, n.d.].

[Notes: Fino' Chamorro clippings, 1988].

[Notes:] Guam interdisciplinary lab project, [outline, n.d.].

Notes: House types, unpublished, [1938-39].

[Notes: Palau reading notes].

[Notes:] Planned, not carried out.

[Notes: Proverbs and songs].

[Notes: Reading and Miscellaneous, n.d.].

[Notes: Unidentified, n.d.].

[Publications: brief articles, including comprehensive bibliography; 1938-50, 1972, 1987].

[Publications, manuscripts and bibliographies sent by colleagues, 1950-81, n.d. some authors unidentified].

[Publications sent by colleagues, n.d.; Fred M. Reinman] (2 folders).

[Maps: Guam Archaeology, 1965-66].

[Photos: 1937-39].

Photos: House of Taga, 1989.


Materials divided into subseries based upon document type, alphabetically therein. Correspondence and publications filed chronologically. Dates non-inclusive.

The Indian Personality, Education and Administration Research Project was supported jointly by the Office of Indian Affairs and the University of Chicago Committee on Human Development. Initiated in 1941 by Indian Affairs Commissioner John Collier, the study investigated eleven communities of five Native American tribes: Hopi, Navaho, Papago, and United Pueblos. The project studied Native Americans as both individuals and as tribal societies, with the aim of increasing the effectiveness of Indian Service policies and programs, improving Indian welfare and developing local autonomy. Thompson coordinated the project; at Chicago, the Indian Education Research Committee, headed by W. Lloyd Warner, was charged with the investigation's scientific work. When the University of Chicago withdrew from the program, they were replaced by the Society for Applied Anthropology.

This series reflects much of the work of the IPEA project from its inception in 1941 through its termination in 1947; also included are materials that post-date the study as participants collaborated on investigational analyses. Materials are divided into the following subseries, based upon Thompson's original arrangement of the materials: general correspondence; subject file; interviews; Rorschach monograph; free drawing test; pilot study - Papago Reservation; Hopi materials; publications; and retrospective manuscripts and correspondence. All but the last subseries are restricted. See each subseries section for a description of contents.


Chronologically arranged.

General correspondence includes letters and memos between Thompson and John Collier relating to the administration of the project. Other correspondence includes communication between Thompson and the numerous officials and private individuals involved with the IPEA research project. Primary correspondents in this series include: John Collier (Commissioner of Indian Affairs); W. Lloyd Warner and Robert Havinghurst of the University of Chicago; and staff members Clyde Kluckholn, Alice Joseph and Dorothea Leighton. A portion of the correspondence is between persons other than L. Thompson, but apparently became part of her records due to her position as project coordinator. Topics covered in this series include the formation, organization and daily management of the IPEA, as well as the problems and progress of committees and individual field researchers.

Box 10

Indian Office: [Collier and Thompson], October 1941- February 1942.

Coordinator, Committee on Human Development, University of Chicago, 1941-43 [correspondence primarily between Thompson and Collier] (3 folders).

Chicago Committee, June [and July] 1942 [Havinghurst, Thompson and Warner].

Project Correspondence [and committee reports, 1942-44] (2 folders).

Alice Joseph, M. D., [1942-47, 1956, 1972 (includes correspondence with Havinghurst and Aberle, 3 folders)].

Dorothea Leighton, M. D., [1942-47].

Dorothea Leighton, M. D., [with Havinghurst, 1942-43].

Personality and Government: correspondence re: publication [1947-51].

[Public Administration Clearing House, regarding IPEA, 1948].

SUBJECT FILE, 1941-1960.

Arranged alphabetically by topic.

The IPEA subject file consists of materials compiled by Thompson and ordered topically. The contents of the subject files include the formation of and budgeting for the IPEA, protocols for field study and test administration, and analyses of results. Some files contain correspondence, memoranda, notes, and publications.

Box 10 (cont.)

Administrative notes: general, tribal [1942-44].

Administration Research Report - Notes - Collier [1944-45].

Analysis of the authority system of each tribe [guide for the staff and consultants, n.d.].

Arthur performance test [1942-43].

Budget [1942-44].

Budget - Research on Administration, 1945.

Commissioner's [of Indian Affairs, John Collier], file [1941-45].

Box 11

[Committee and Coordinator's Progress Reports, 1944-46, n.d.].

Committees' Purpose [statements, 1944; 1946, n.d.].

Conference - March 1943, Chicago.

Contract [for] research on administration, [1941; 1944].

Coordinator's reports to the committee on administrative research [1944-46].

Field data - [analysis of, 1943].

Field guide [1942].

[Field guide, revised, 1942].

Field interviews and interviewing technique [1942].

Field methods - memos on [1942-43].

Field operations and test battery [1941-43].

Field personnel [1942].

Field workers' training seminar, Sante Fe, NM, 1942.

File material checked out, [1943-44].

Filing system for field data [1943].

Gaps in data [1943].

Goodenough [Draw-a-man] Test results [1944-45].

Havinghurst, Robert J. and Eubank, Lisbeth, "The attitudes of Navaho, Zuni, and Sioux children towards rules of games" [1943].

Havinghurst, Robert J., "Belief in Immanent Justice and Animism Among Indian Children of the Southwest and Sioux" [1943].

Box 12

Havinghurst, R. J., "A comparison of American Indian and White children by means of the emotional response test" [1943-44].

Havinghurst, R. J., and Hilkevitch, R.R., "The Intelligence of the Southwestern and Sioux Children - Grace Arthur Test" [1944].

Hopi - "The Hopi Crisis" [1943-45].

Hopi background report - The Hopi Way [and correspondence, 1943-47].

[Hopi field notes, interviews, 1942-43].

Hopi field projects: notes [including interviews, 1942-44].

Hopi free drawings - Kabotie [and special cases, 1943].

Hopi-Navaho dispute - Senate Hearings [1947, 1973].

Hopi pilot analysis: correlation of psychological tests and life histories [1943].

Hopi special cases [photographs].

Hopi tribe: notes and write-up [1943].

Kennard, Edward, "Background on Hopi," [n.d.].

Leighton, Dorothea C., "Health of Children as Seen in Medical Examinations," [1942-43].

Meetings: Office of Indian Affairs and the Society for Applied Anthropology, 1944-45.

Mexican project plans [correspondence, 1942-43; 1946].

Moral judgement test - pilot analysis and preliminaries [1943].

Navaho administrative report - outline (Ward Shepard) [1944-45].

Navaho - Boyce Report [1945].

Navaho Ed[ucation] Comm[ission] Report [1944-45].

Navaho field project: notes [1942-44].

[Navaho: papers, 1960s].

Box 13

Papago administrative study [1945-46].

Papago field projects: notes [1942-43].

Papago Reservation pilot study, Feb. - May, 1942.

Papago - Topawa - general: notes [1942-43].

[Personality and Government], evaluation and use of findings, [1948-53].

[Personality and government: notes, 1950].

Processing and analysis of data from field projects, [1942-44; 1947].

Project evaluation [correspondence, reports, c. 1943-7].

Project notes, [n.d.].

Project outlines - tentative [including staff lists, drafts of proposals for project,1941].

[Project proposal and General Statement, 1941, c. 1947].

Psychological techniques - general - advice from consultants [1942-43].

Publications and documents resulting from project [incomplete list, 1973].

Publicity - Indian Education Research [1941-43].

Rorschach Test [1943].

Samples of children to be tested: selection [1941-43] (2 folders).

Schedules [1943].

Box 14

Sioux field projects: notes [1942-43].

Special cases - pilot analysis: notes [1943].

Spicer, Rosamond B. - "An Outline of Papago Society" [1943].

Thematic apperception tests [1943-44; 1946].

[Thompson, L., "Science and Government," extracts, n.d.].

Translation of batteries [and language and experiment groups, 1942].

United Pueblos field project: notes [and correspondence] 1942-44.

Unpublished manuscripts - (list).

Write-up outline, etc., schedule [1942-44].

Zuni tribal analysis [1943-45; 1960].

INTERVIEWS, 1942-45.

Arranged alphabetically by tribe.

These documents encompass the transcripts of field workers' interviews with Hopi, Navaho, Papago, Sioux and Zuni Indians. The majority of the interviews were conducted between 1942 and 1943, although some materials extend to 1945.

Box 14 (cont.)

Hopi II, [1942-43], (2 folders).

Navaho I - Shiprock, [1942-43] (2 folders).

Box 15

Navaho II - Ramah, Navaho Mountain, [1940, 1942-43] (2 folders).

Papago - Thompson, [1942].

Papago- Topawa and Hickiwan, [1942-43], (3 folders).

Sioux: Pine Ridge, [1942-43] (3 folders).

Box 16

Zuni, [1942-43], (2 folders).

Zuni notes, 1943-45; Zuni Day School Teacher Heinrich Schultz.


Alphabetically arranged by subject.

These papers consist primarily of manuscripts, test findings and background information about test participants. Testing materials are organized by tribe. Also included are correspondence and notes on meetings pertaining to the publication of the test conclusions. Correspondents include the "Rorschach group:" A. Irving ("Pete") and Maud Hallowell, Royal Hassrick, William Henry, Alice Joseph, Bruno Klopfer and Dorothea Leighton. Most materials span from 1943 to 1949.

Box 16 (cont.)

Comparison; summary and conclusions, [1945, 1947, n.d.].

[Correspondence, 1943-49; 1951-52; 1964-65].

Leighton, Dorothea, [manuscript, n.d.].

[Monograph organizational notes, table of contents and charts], incomplete, [1945, 1952, n.d.].

Navaho [n.d.].

[Notes and rejected drafts, 1947, n.d.].

Papago, [1945, n.d.].

[Reports on study by Joseph and Leighton; 1944, 1946].

Saulteaux, [n.d.].

Sioux [n.d.].

Zuni [n.d.].


Arranged alphabetically by document type.

Included are correspondence, test analyses, memos and reports regarding the administration of the Free Drawing Test. Correspondence is primarily between Thompson and Trude Schmidl-Waehner regarding the latter's analysis of drawing samples. Formal reports on the free drawing test are contained in the folder titled "Memos [and reports, 1942-43]."

Box 16 (cont.)

Analysis - Joseph and Thompson [n.d.].

Analysis - Schmidl-Waehner [1942-43, n.d.].

Box 17

[Correspondence:] Schmidel-Waehner [and M. B. Wolff, 1942-46].

Memos [and reports, 1942-43].

Report - Papago [1943].


Arranged alphabetically by subject or tribe.

Materials consist primarily of personality profiles, tests (including drawings), test results and notes. Three manuscripts by Underhill are also included in this subseries. Correspondents include John Collier, Robert Havinghurst, Alice Joseph, Thompson, Ruth Underhill, and W. Lloyd Warner. Thompson's original note with these papers states: "Pilot Study -Papago Reservation, February -May 1942. John Collier - Commissioner; Laura Thompson - Coordinator; Ruth Underhill - Interviewer; Alice Joseph, M. D. -Consultant."

Box 17 (cont.)

Correspondence and notes, 1942 [Includes maps].

Papago notes, [1941,] 1942.

Santa Rosa School [notes, 1942].

Sells [individual cases] (9 folders).

Sells school [interview and testing notes, 1942, n.d.].

Testing instructions, [1941-42, n.d.].

Underhill's manuscripts, [1942].

Vamori School - Experimental testing, [1942].

HOPI RESEARCH, 1944-1976.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Unlike the other subseries, the Hopi section is composed both of records maintained by Thompson specifically with the IPEA files and other Hopi research materials collected by Thompson. Since many if not all of these directly relate to the IPEA's work with the Hopi, they were placed in this series. Included in this subseries are correspondence with John Collier and D'Arcy McNickle; field, research and lecture notes; manuscripts and publications; maps; photographs; and papers relating to Thompson's Hopi publications. Hopi material is also found in other IPEA subject files.

Box 18

Additional notes on Hopi [c. 1949?].

Comments - "The Hopi Way" [1944-46].

"Dusquah's little enemies," E. White [n.d.].

Errors by Hopi authorities [notes, 1944].

Hopi ceremonial [notes, article, c. 1944, n.d.].

Hopi conclusions [notes, 1944].

Hopi Diary - August, September 1944; Thompson Hopi field notes.

Hopi Indian culture and personality, [notes and outline], 4/7/90.

Hopi Indian culture and personality, 4/4/80 [notes].

Hopi symbolism [notes, 1944 ?].

Hopi [thematic apperception, 1942, n.d].

Lomavitu, Otto - "Disinfecting Hotevilla people" [and other manuscripts, c. 1941-42 and photos].

[Notes and correspondence, 1942-44, 1967, 1969].

Notes on Hopi [and 1933-34 correspondence; and materials re: livestock reduction program].

Notes on Hopi and mss. [and correspondence, c. 1950].

[Notes on 1967 visit to Hopi reservation].

Organization approach. Hopi culture [lecture notes, maps, n.d.].

[Published articles, tribal constitution, NSF proposal, 1935-36; 1965; 1976, n.d.].

Box 19

[Reading notes: Hallowell, n.d.].

Unpublished diary and notes [primarily field notes,] 1944.

Values: Hopi Indians [lecture notes, bibliography, c. 1959].

[Photographs, 1944?].

PUBLICATIONS, 1946-1956.

Arranged chronologically. Articles by authors other than Thompson located at end.

Publications include articles, reprints, monographs and reports by Thompson and other authors, including John Collier, A. I. Hallowell, Robert Havinghurst, and Jules Henry. Of particular interest is Thompson's book, Personality and Government (1951), the published version of the project's final report.

Box 19 (cont.)

The Hopi Crisis, 1946 (2 folders).

[Articles by Thompson, 1947-51].

Personality and Government, 1951.

[American Indian Personality and Education Project, manuscript, 1987].

[Articles by others, 1941-56, n.d.].


Arranged alphabetically by subject or document type.

In the 1980s, Laura Thompson wrote a number of retrospective pieces on the work of and her involvement in the Indian Personality, Education and Administration Project. She also carried out correspondence with individuals interested in the project's work. Thompson's correspondence is primarily in answer to queries by colleagues interested researching the project. These materials are unrestricted.

Box 20

Bibliography, Indian Education, Personality and Administration Project, [1973].

Cassanova Correspondence, [1988-92].

Indian Personality Research [lectures, manuscripts and notes, 1973-89].

Indian Personality Research [D. Leighton Rorschach manuscript and project outline, 1947, 1989].

[Manuscript: Project findings, c. 1989].

[Manuscript: Team research on Indians, 1985].

5. ICELAND. 1952-1981. [2 ft.]

Materials ordered alphabetically by document type and chronologically therein; notes and photographs arranged alphabetically. Index files and photographs placed at end of series.

Papers in this series originated from Thompson's two field trips to Iceland in 1952 and 1960. Included are field diaries and interviews, original field notes, research notes, and Thompson's 1960 pilot study report of Icelandic values. This series also includes many manuscripts based upon Thompson's Icelandic studies and photographs taken in the field. Thompson never published any materials based upon this research. Also see Series 7 for more materials relating to Thompson's core values project.

Diaries from 1952 include research notes, diary entries and interviews. Between her two field trips, Thompson kept touch with her informant and Icelandic host, Anna Gudmundsdottir. Thompson's correspondent Ann Pinson Gill was a student pursuing her graduate research in a rural township in northern Iceland. Included is her 1977 Ph.D. dissertation. One letter from Gill remains restricted. This series includes the only personal letters between Thompson and her second husband, John Collier, found in the collection.

Box 20 (cont.)

Correspondence : [Professional re: Iceland study, 1952-81, non-inclusive].

[Correspondence: Personal] to John Collier, 1952.

[Correspondence: Personal] to M.B. Thompson and Eleanor T. Lawrence, 1952.

Correspondence: [Personal to Anna Gudmundsdottir, 1960-76].

[Correspondence: Ann Pinson Gill, 1974-80]. ONE LETTER RESTRICTED.

[Field] diary, 1952.

[Field diary] excerpts, 1952.

[Field diary with interviews, 1960].

[Field study: Diaries, interviews and notes, June 1952].

[Field study: Diaries, interviews and notes, July-August 1, 1952].

[Field study: Diaries, interviews and notes, August 2-26, October 6, 1952].

[Field Study: Government organization, diagram, 1952].

[Field Study: Interviews, 1952].

Lectures: "Explorations in Iceland," [1961]; Sigma Xi, [1962].

Manuscripts: "Democracy in Iceland," unpublished, [1952].

Manuscripts: "Kindreds and Core Values," unpublished, [1957].

[Manuscripts: Core values and diplomacy including correspondence, 1960].

[Manuscripts: "Rural community in Iceland: a pilot study report," c. 1960].

Box 21

Manuscripts: "The Icelanders," unpublished, deleted from edited Secret of Culture [1966].

[Manuscripts: "Cultivating people power," n.d.].

[Manuscripts: unidentified, organismic approach to anthropology, fragment, n.d.].

[Manuscripts sent by colleagues: H. Bjamason [?], untitled, 1940].

[Manuscripts sent by colleagues:] Nordal, Islenzk Menning, Transl. V. Bjarnar [1964] (3 folders).

[Manuscripts sent by colleagues: A. P. Gill, Dissertation, 1977] (2 folders).

[Manuscripts sent by colleagues: "Northern Icelandic Rural Parish," A. Pinson, n.d.].

[Notes: Articles and clippings for research, 1960-76, n.d].

Notes: [Helen] Codere on Iceland [1952].

[Notes: Icelandic government and miscellaneous, n.d.].

Box 22

Notes: Miscellaneous, 1952, [research, 1952-77, n.d.].

Notes: Miscellaneous, 1952, [bibliographic, 1952-60].

[Notes:] Printed matter [filmed copy of research text (film discarded, identifying material only retained)].

[Notes: Scholarly articles for research, 1920-59, 1979].

[Notes: Icelanders: field notes on individuals and informants, with supplemental reading notes, 1952]. (See: Index Cards -Box 52)

[Notes: subject from a-z, field and reading notes].

[Notes: manuscript subject file, by chapter?].

[Notes: Subject file]: Iceland - General, [reading notes, by author]. (See: Index Cards - Box 53)

[Notes: Unidentified: miscellaneous notes, by author and subject].

[Film reel, unidentified].

[Icelandic art: Publications and Catalogues, 1923 and 1952].


Negatives: Iceland, 1952.

Negatives for slides: Iceland, 1952 (3 folders).

[Numbered negatives, filed separately from other Icelandic images].

[Photos, 1952, n.d].

[Photos, n.d., general subjects] (2 folders).

[Postcards: Icelandic images, n.d.].

List of slides: Icelanders, 1952.

[Slides:] Icelanders #1.

[Slides:] Icelanders #2.

6. INSTITUTE OF HUMAN VALUES. 1973-1981. [4 in.]

Materials ordered chronologically.

These materials encompass Thompson's consulting work and participation in conferences for the Institute of Human Values. Thompson served as a member of the advisory board for the Institute and participated in all four meetings held by the organization (1976 to 1978 and 1981). The bulk of correspondence in the series is with John R. MacCormack, Director of the Institute. Also included are papers delivered at conferences and those published in Humanitas, the journal in which the Institute published its conference proceedings.

Box 23

J. R. MacCormack correspondence - Nova Scotia [includes conference papers, 1975-79; 1982].

[Correspondence and information regarding conferences, 1976-78].

[Notebook: notes from] first values conference, 1976.

Three conferences; review; interpretation (unpublished) [scientific papers, notes and correspondence, c. 1977-81].

[Published articles and papers by others, c. 1973-79].

[Published articles and papers by Thompson, 1976-79].


End Part 1

Last updated: November 7, 2000
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