Register to the Papers of
Eugene I Knez (Part 5)

1920s–2000, With Information
Dating Back to 1481

By Alan L. Bain

National Anthropological Archives
Smithsonian Institution

December 2002


Return to Part 4

Box 83

Collected Data, Korea, 1981 (continued):

415-16 Water Container

415-17 Head Cushion

415-18 Tub

415-19 Wood Container

415-20 Wash Tub

415-21 Large Wood Vessel

415-22 Laundry Tub

415-23 Bucket

415-24 Watering Pot

415-25 Wash Basin

415-26 Cake Designer

415-27 Serving Trays

415-27 Wooden Container (for confectionary items)

415-28 Duster

415-29 Cooking Grill

415-30 Gloves

416 Eyeglasses

481 Cane

482-1 A Frame Carrier and Basket

482-2 Water Carrier

492-1 Ox-Cart Bell

492-2 Ox Pack Saddle

492-3 Pack Saddle

492-4 Yoke

492-5 Straw-net Carrier (pack-rack)

492-6 Wheel Cover

492-7 Box (ox-cart)

492-8 Wooden Cart Stand

493-1 Hand Cart

493-2 Hand Cart

493-2 Ox Cart

493-3 Horse Carriage

493-3 Liberation Cart

493-4 Bicycle

493-5 Rear Car (hand cart)

513-1 Mattress and Quilt

513-2 Pillow

524-1 Baduk Game

Box 84

Collected Data, Korea, 1981 (continued):

524-2 Chess

524-3 Yut Game

524-4 Kite and Spool

524-5 Roller Toy [wheel with stick]

524-6 Ball

524-7 Play Cart

524-8 Mock Gun

524-9 Wat'u Game Card(s)

524-10 Wheel Toy

524-11 Jumping Board

524-12 Tricycle

524-13 Wood Sled

526__ Baseball

531-1 Screen

531-2 Seat Cushion

534-1 Small Gong and Beater

534-2 Gong and Beater

534-3 Hour Glass Drum

534-4 Drum and Beater

534-5 Small Drum

534-6 Flute

535-1 Dancing Hat

535-2 Double Sash

776-1 Sacred Jar

778-1 Incense Container

778-2 Incense Burner

778-3 Wine Cup with Stand

788-4 Ceremonial Vessel

788-5 Candle Stick Stand

788-6 Ceremonial Duck

788-7 Buddhist Rosary

803-1 Abacus

804-1 Weighing Scale

804-2 Toe (measure)

804-3 Mal (grain measure)

Box 85

Korean Ke(h) System (5x8 note cards) (7 folders):

Folder 1. Definition of Technology

Economic Theory


Folder 2. Keh-Economic Theory

Structure/Social Organization

Social Interrelationship

Folder 3. Method of Redistribution

Specific Durability

Alternate Courses of Action

Social Class and Social Mobility

Possible Classifications

Irrigation (agricultural)

Agricultural Loan


Folder 4. Inter-village K (agriculture)

Cow (agriculture) Ke

Ancestor Worship (funeral)

Ancestor Worship (clan reunion)


Miners Insurance

Forest (rural) Ke

Fishing (rural) Ke

Suit, Shoes, Ring Ke

Folder 5. Alumni Ke

New Years Ke

Trade and Market

Urban-Rural Ke

Financial Ke

Commercial/Business Ke

Women Ke

Folder 6. Government-Legal Setting

Extra-Legal or Illegal Ke

Ke within Modern Economic Situation

Foreign Influences-Cooperative

Cross-Cultural China

Box 86

Korean Ke(h) System (5x8 note cards) (continued):

Folder 7. Cross-Cultural, Japan

Cross-Cultural, Mongolian Women

Cross-Cultural, Acculturation

Applied Anthropology/Miscellaneous (5x8 cards)

Notes from Publications. Material Related to Studies of Sam Jong Dong. Dividers with titles bear no relationship to the contents. Contains mostly information about Japan and Korea. There are a total of six envelopes. Envelope one includes prints of Korean vases. Envelopes 1-5.

Box 87

Notes from Publications. (continued): Envelope six.

Sam Jong Dong, A Korean Village. Field notes, 1951:

Envelope 1. Contains material on traveling, drama group, irrigation, population, and untitled data.

Envelope 2. Contains information on social culture, folktale, adages, crime, humor, friendship, etiquette, occupations, commerce, information media, and travel.

Envelope 3. Older and younger generations, and political and social structure.

Envelope 4. Marriage, social relations and organization, and economics.

Envelope 5. Contains information about young men, the calendar and history, and contains maps.

SE Asiatic Post-Neolithic Notes (1 envelope)

Box 88

Interview with Mr. Suh, October-November 1970 (Sam Jong Dong) [3]

Mr. Suh, Interview, Field Notes, 1970

Huh (Suh?) Family History (in Korean), 1976

Kim Hae History. Includes newspaper material, Dr. Yoon father's interview; information for Horse Station [257] (in Korean).

Appendix 5, Subjects/Topics in Field Notes on Sam Jong Dong, May 1990

Knez Draft, incomplete, on Sam Jong Dong, undated

Sam Jong Dong, Typed Notes (general)

Sam Jong Dong, Typed Notes (Pyon, Sam Hyon)

Kim, Hong-Joon, Field Notebook, 1981

Sam Jong Dong, Typed Notes (field notebook, K. Hong-Joon, 1981 and interviews with Mr. Suh)

Sam Jong Dong, Bibliographic Materials

Sam Jong Dong, Plants and Animals for Three Ministry Community

Index to Notes on Sam Jong Dong: Classified According to Outline of Cultural Materials and HRAF, 1961

Box 89

Korean Ethnology

Sketches of Material Culture Objects (Korea)

Chinese, Japanese, Korean Old and New Name of Namkyuk (Sam Jong Dong), 1971, Notes

Comparison of Customs Between Sam-Chung Dong and Kay-Hwado

Translation of History of Kimhae

Translation, Toru Ogawa, "Social Life and Material Culture in anAgricultural Village of Southern Korea (Talli)", circa 1950s

Field Notes, Study on Rural Life and Culture, by Knez, 1970

Box 90

Translation of History of Kimhae

Kimhae History (in Korean)

The Master Plan of Manure Preparations, Pusan City (in Korean), 1970

Annual Planning Report of Kimhae Agricultural Cooperative Association (in Korean), 1981

Annual Planning Report of Kimhae Agricultural Land Improvement Association (in Korean), 1981

Farmers' Land of Kimhae, Sam Jong Dong (in Korean), undated

Sam Jong Dong. Contains household inventory; land income and tax; after-wedding ceremony at the bride's home; planting; cultural participation, 1972; "Hand-Book of the Jouy Collection of Ancient and Modern Korean and Chinese Works of Art," on exhibition at the Edward Greely Art Gallery, 1888.

Index to Notes on Sam Jong Dong. Contains the numbering system Knez used to identify subject material. Numbers can be found on some of the folders pertaining to his research on the Kimhae region.

Sam Jong Dong - Statistics, Kimhae. Includes copy regarding the exchange of Korean/Japanese envoys during the Tokugawa period.

Copy of Notes on the History of Korea. Contains George McAfee McCune's Early Korea, May 1, 1952.

Suh, Dae-Sook, "A Report: Trip to North Korea," July 1920

Forrest R. Pitts, "Writing the Geographics of a United Korea, June 3, 1991

Kimhae Upchi, Topography of Kimhae Country (in Korean)

USAID/Korea, Country Briefing Book, July 1970

Korean Sundial

Appendix 1, An Index of Change. Contains household inventories and changes to be made.

Village Shops and Merchandise. Includes a legend of buildings and a partial list of shop items. All information about the Sam Jong Dong area.

Sam Jong Dong. Includes a legend about information of preferences in media/communications; subject 249, question on media use; information on markets, finances, family, and school; collected topography of Kongyong Namdo; appendix 2, collected answers to a questionnaire for the study on rural life and culture.

Box 91

Untitled. Folder 1. Includes material on the Three Ministries Community, South Korea, 1971. Information is about shops and merchandise, and notes on material culture items. There is also a character list of Korean and English-Korean terminology by material culture numbers and a material culture list and a study of televisions in Korea; a March 1993 draft and partial manuscript of Knez's "Korean Villages of Yesteryear, 1951-1981: an illustrated study of material culture;" notes on clan names for Kimhae; Son Chin Tai, "Types of Korean Native Dwellings;" and weather information from Kim, Heui Jung.

Untitled. Folder 2. Includes appendix 4, English version of a questionnaire, "Study on Rural Life and Culture;" raw data about farming households, education, entertainment, and religion, 1968-1970; a notebook written in Korean; various publication about Korea, 1967-1989, and one publication on succession and inheritance in rural Japan.

Untitled. Folder 3. Contains raw data, publications, and draft manuscripts regarding Kimhae, including Forrest R. Pitts, "Mechanization of Agriculture in the Republic of Korea," 1960; Huh Kum, editor, "Historic Remains and Famous Scenic Places in Kimhae, Old Capital of Karak Kingdom for 500 Years," 1970; Pak, Ki Hyuk, "Three Clan Village, a Socio-Economic Study, 1961-62;" "Income Distribution, Farm Land Reform in Korea," Yonsei Business Review, 1972; draft by Ye, Yong-hae, "Masters of Cultural Heritage," 1969; "Historic Remains and Famous Scenic Places in Kimhae," by Karak Kimhae Kin Family Clan Association, 1970; and two Korean language newspapers.

Korean Plastics, 1977

Notes (in Korean) on 3x5 cards

Post Cards and Photographs. Materials may date back to the 1930s or earlier of Korean street scenes and people around Pusan, Seoul, and Suwan. Also images on festivals, Buddhist shrines, coinage, upper class Korean gentlemen, women in winter clothes, rice fields, Suwan Rainbow Gate, construction of the Korean Research Institute for Operative Arts, 1960, and bridges. Also includes photographs of unidentified Japanese and Korean scenes and one image of Mt. Asokanko Hotel in Kyushu.

Barnes, Gina L., "Introducing Kaya History and Archaeology," undated

Johnston, Robert M., "The Multi-Manned Pull-Shovel in Contemporary Korea," undated

Box 92

Lee, Young-sik, "Recent Trends in Research in Korea on the History of Kaya," 1996

Ross, Bryan," Japanese Agricultural Policy in Colonial Korea and its Effect on Tenancy," 1993

Tikhonov, Vladimer, "On the Problem of International Status and Socio-Political Development of Taegaya in Late 5th - Early 16th Century," circa 1990

Yao, Bung Hu, "The Development of Kaya Politics in Okjon Basin: A Contextual Approach to burial Data," undated (in Korean)

Warren, Craig, editor, series section, Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology. Editorial changes to Knez's publication, 1997.

Kimhae: Figures, Designs, and Plat for Publication

Bibliographic Notes: Cross-referenced by English and Korean Terms, Material Culture (MC) numbers

Korean Photographs. Material from/for Knez through P. Agress. Some prints are documented. Includes gates at Suwan Dam, 1945 (1949?); hotel courtyard, Seoul; Korean priest; Kajagum (Korean harp); professional hunter; bamboo worker; last Queen of Korean Yi Dynasty; ironing; washing clothes; pedaler; Seoul, circa 1940; melons on roof; cart with human excrement; fishing vessel; washing clothes; bridge; monastery; policeman directing traffic; farm wife taking lunch to husband in field.

Kim, Nak Kwan, "Economic Survey of South Korea," circa 1970. [182]

Pak, Ki Hyuk, "Economic thought of the Silhak Philosopher Tasan, with Special Reference to Land System and Taxation," undated. [185]

Koh, byong-ik, "Korea's Contacts With the 'Western Regions' in Pre-Modern Times," 1957

Hong-sop Chin, "Development of Handicraft Art in Korea," Korea Journal, November 1974. [259]

Yong-sop, Kim, "Two Sirhak Scholars' Agricultural Reform Theories," Korea Journal, October 1974. [260]

Calligraphy. Found in an unidentified folder.

Basket Weaving.

George Dalton, "Modernizing Village Economics," undated. [180]

Reprint from Professor Yi, Pyang do (in Korean)

"Why Rural Korea Was Transformed," The Asian Wall Street Journal, January 14, 1977.

Arimistsu article in Japanese

Box 93

Research: Korean Material Culture, Sam Jong Dong and Kimhae Area

Sam Jong Dong, Miscellaneous

Sam Jong Dong, "Some Implications of Material Culture in Contemporary Korean Villages, A Preliminary Report," 1970, by Knez, 1972

Maps of Sam Jong Dong

Sam Jong Dong, Material Culture

Korean Village in Transition (2 folders)

Documents to be Numbered

Sam Jong Dong, Manuscript (Illustrated Study of Three Korean Villages)

"Inventory," Objects on Questionnaire, [Sam Jong Dong], 1981

Sam Jong Dong, Religion, Morals, and Magic, revised, 1981

Sam Jong Dong, Bibliography

Sam Jong Dong, Motion Pictures

Sam Jong Dong, Crime

Korean Field Study, 1981

Holidays and Festivities in Korean Calendar (Lunar)

Box 94

Korean Typed Notes with Classification Numbers (no titles) (2 folders)

Korean Notes with Classification Numbers, "Status of Several Cottage Industries, Technology Notes." Includes photographs of Basketry.

Korean Typed Notes with Classification Numbers (no titles) (7 folders)

Illustrations Checklist

Photographs (1971), of a Citation and Medal, Stone Worker's Contest, 1970

Sketches of Homes (combining Korean and Japanese traits); sketches of traditional Korean houses; map of consolidated Community of Three Ministers, 1958; map of Sam Jong Dong, no date, showing location of various building and housing structures and land ownership.

Copies of Illustrations (Xeroxed) and Village Comments (folder is completely disorganized with material upside-down).

Xerox Copies of Illustrations along with maps of Korea, including detailed map of the southeast region (folder is disorganized)

Work in Process (R. Quebral) (folder is disorganized)

Box 95

Sam Jong Dong, Mass Media, 1990

Korean House Types and Construction

Korean House Sketches (with numbers on the folder, 36, 37, 38)

Sam Jong Dong, Social Milieu, Field Notes for Revision, 1950, 1970, revised 1981

Sam Jong Dong, Historical Geography (contains notes from various publications). Includes Kim-Hae-Up-Chi, 1481, and various editions written in 1631 and 1928. Written in Chinese, it is an official publication of regional history and geography.

Sam Jong Dong, Field Work, 1981

Sam Jong Dong, "Impressions," 1981. Contains newspaper clippings about the Kaya Kingdom.

Listings and Other Reference Material, 1989. Contains lists of

photographs, slides, and sketches as possible inserts for a manuscript with comments on the quality of the image to be used.

Sam Jong Dong. A paper by Knez, "Some Japanese Technological

Influence in Korea," 1958, for Professor Douglas G. Haring. Information summarized from field data gathered in Korea, 1951-1952, with additional material circa 1980-1982.

Botanical Information, Kimhae(?) region, ?-1990.

Village Home, number [342].

Chapter 1, Kimhae in Space and Time, 1983.

Sam Jong Dong, Kimhae in Space and Time, revised Chapter 1. Originally written in 1970 and revised in 1981. Includes 1971 manuscript.

Box 96

Sam Jong Dong, Round of Korean Life, revised. Field work was carried out in 1951 and written up in 1959.

Social Milieu, Chapter 2, 1982 (about Kimhae)

Chapter 3, Village Economics

Sam Jong Dong, Economics, Chapter 3. Written in 1970 and revised in 1981.

Economics (Chapter 3, Village Economics)

Sam Jong Dong, Population, 1970, 1981-1982

Original and photocopied sketches, noted as 38.1 to 38.22

Botanical and Zoological Resources, Three Ministries, 1951-1952

Korean Archeology. Report on the Kim Hae shell mound, 1920, translated in 1952. Photocopy of "Dwelling Sites from the Geometric Period, Korean," 1975.

Knez, "Korean Folk Culture, Collectors, and the Smithsonian Institution, 1884-1974."

Japanese in Korea. Data gathered from the Government General of Choson, 1923. Korean Linguistics. Photocopy, 1967.

Newspaper clippings, 1973-1979.

Korean Folk Art, 1975. Includes the Nature of Korean Temple Painting, by Carl J. Strom. Strom forwarded photographs of "Buddhist Art Incorporated into the ritual of Mondangs (Shamans)," taken by Strom.

Korean Folk Dancing

Agriculture, Village Architecture, Household Furnishings, undated

Untitled Folder. Contains, Sarah M. Nelson, "The Subsistence Base of Middle Han Sites of the Chulman Period," 1974, with notes and bibliography.

Sam Jong Dong, Japanese Occupation

Sam Jong Dong, Part II, "Some Aspects in the Round of Korean Life," Knez (copy)

Box 97

"Studies on Shamanism in Korea," by Takashi Akiba, 1950. Notice provided, "Material within has been reedited, etc. Do not use this manuscript, 10/30/69." Contains personal history of Akiba and his draft, "Studies on Shamanism in Korea," 1950.

Korean Shamanism

Research - Korean Mutual aid Groups (2 folders)

Korean Mutual Aid Groups (2 folders)

Research Social Environmental Studies, 1971

Sketches and Data of Korean Village Artifacts used in Ph.D. dissertation, 1959, by Knez

Untitled Folder. Publications, articles, and notes on Korean Villages, circa 1971-1975

Untitled Folder. Information on Korean Villages and agricultural equipment written in Korean and English.

Sam Jong Dong, Maps.

Consolidated Community of three Ministries, 1958 (maps)

Box 98

Model Number 1. Socio-cultural factors.

Social Factor and its Effects: Tables

Knez, PhD Dissertation - Korean Material Culture

Objects to be Drawn or Redrawn

Untitled Folder. Contains charts on agriculture implements at the three ku's and background demographic data on the region.

Untitled Envelope. Chapter 3, Village Economics (draft).

Human Relations Area Files, Outline of Cultural Materials, 1961

Plastics in Korean Village Life

Construction, especially carpentry. Contains three Korean publications, 1948, 1970, 1981, one of which is about the Geh clan of members living in Kimhae (Suh clan); and a letter from Myong Che to Knez, 1953, about research on Korea.

Untitled Folder. Contains Korean publications and an English article about museum collections; the Yi dynasty and irrigation history; reviews of publications on ancestor worship in Korean society; thesis on land use policy in Korea, 1971.

Box 99

Korean Village Life

Korean Agricultural Implements (4 folders)

One folder with front page titled, Sam Jong Dong, a South Korea Village, which contains copies of information on agricultural and material culture implements.

Knez, The Modernization of Three Korean Villages, 1951-81: an illustrated study of a people and their material culture. Manuscript reviews by Vincent Brandt and Robert Sayres, 1992, and a markup of the manuscript by Forrest R. Pitt, March 1, 1992.

Knez, The Modernization of Three Korean Villages, 1951-81: an illustrated study of a people and their material culture. Manuscript review by Clark W. Sorensen.

Correspondence thanking Knez for a copy of his publications, 1999

Appendix 1, "An Index of Change: Household Surveys" (random samples, age, usage), 1951-1981.

Material Culture List, 1951-1971

Original Manuscript, "Character List of Korean Terms (English-Korean," by Material Culture Numbers)

Box 100

Knez, The Modernization of Three Korean Villages, 1951-81: an Illustrated study of a people and their material culture (revised 1993) (9 folders)

Box 101

Knez, The Modernization of Three Korean Villages, 1951-81: an illustrated study of a people and their material culture. Revised, 1993. (7 folders) (second copy with additional detailed map at the front)

Box 102

Extra Publication Photographs (3 envelopes)

Original Art work for Korean Publications, folders 1-5

Box 103

Korean Shamanism. Includes transcription of mudang fortune-telling and shamanistic legends. (2 folders)

Man in Kimhae: Aerial Photographs, 1970 (a list)

Kim, Kyong-Dong, "Social Change and Societal Development in Korea Since 1945"

Han, Sung Kum, "Survey on Farm Labor, Farm Implements and Farm Machinery In Korea," 1959

Clark W. Sorensen and Gregory Henderson, "Breaking New Ground in Korean Studies," circa 1980s (reviews of publications)

Ch'en, Chieh-hsien, "Some Rarely Utilized Chinese Materials for the Study of Korean Yi Dynasty," undated

George DeVos, "Some Psychological Characteristics of Recent Korean Immigrants to the United States," circa 1970s

Robert G. Sakai, "Social and Psychological Perspectives of Koreans in Japan," 1979

Wayne Patterson, "Upward Social Mobility of the Koreans in Hawaii," 1979

Cho, Myong-Nui, "The River Naktong," 1927, translated by Homer Williams and Ch'oi, Myong-hui, circa 1960s

Robert A. Kinney, "Students, Intellectuals and the Churches: the roles These Korean Groups are Playing and Their Impact on the Political System," 1980

Shin, Haeng-chull, "The Socio-Cultural Impacts of the Tourism Development in Cheju Island," undated

Vincent S. R. Brandt, "The New Community Movement: Planned and Unplanned Change in Rural Korea," undated

John M. Roberts and Chong, Pil Choe, "Korean Animal Entities with Supernatural Attributes: A Study in Expressive Belief," undated

Kyung-Lim, Seo, "The Role of Women Divers in Fishery Villages on Cheju Island," undated

"The Cultural Interchange between China and Korea," no author, undated

Lineage, no author, undated. Looks like part of a larger article.

Korean Text Book on plastic phonograph records (3), by Sunoo

Korean Language Book

Various Notes and Talks About Korea

Box 104

Sam Jong Dong, South Korea, 1976 (slides)

Box 105

Negatives, Korean Research (?)

Negative for Part II, Three Ministries, Korea, 1951

Negatives, 1951 dissertation

Negatives, Smithsonian Photographs, Miscellaneous Material

Negatives, Japanese Illustrations of Farm Tools

Negatives, Smithsonian Exhibit

Negatives, Miscellaneous

Negatives, Material Culture, "Unfocused" sub-standard

Negatives, Damaged (discarded by Bain)

Negatives, "Compound" Plans or House Orientation

#115 Informants

#123 Field Staff (observational roles)

#131 Location (site) Geography (ecology) aerial


#177 Acculturation and Culture Contract

#204 Communication

#205 Postal System

#226 Fishing

#231 Animal Husbandry/Domesticated Animals (2 folders)

#235 Poultry Raising

#241 Tillage, Human Fertilizer Containers (2 folders)

#243 Cereal Agriculture

#244 Vegetable production

#247 Floriculture

#251 Preservation and Storage of Food

#252 Food Preparation (2 folders)

#256 Cereal Industry and Related Activities (food preparation)

#264 Eating (food consumption)

#274 Beverages

#282 Leather Industry

#283 Cordage

#284 Knots and Lashing

#285 Basketry: traveling case; hats, wicker works, mats, sandals, brooms, sacks (8 folders)

#288 Textiles

#291 Clothing: women, men, boys, girls (7 folders)

#292 Special Garments: wedding dress for men and women (2 folders)

#294 Garment Manufacture

#296 Garment: ironing, sewing equipment, washing equipment (2 folders)

#301 Adornment, Ornament

#302 Toilet Accessories

#305 Beauty Specialists

#311 Land Use

#312 Water Supply (2 folders)

#314 Forest Products

#322 Woodworking - Bamboo (2 folders)

#323 Ceramic

#324 Stone Industry

#325 Metallurgy

#326 Smiths and their Crafts (2 folders)

#331 Construction (2 folders)

#335 Carpentry (2 folders)

#341 Architecture

#342 Dwellings: village compound, house, Japanese style house (5 folders)

#346 Religious and Educational Structures (4 folders)

#349 Miscellaneous Structures: fire alarm, bell tower

#352 Furniture

#353 Interior Decoration and Arrangement

#354 Heating and Lighting; Stove (2 folders)

#356 Housekeeping/Dishware (2 folders)

#363 Streets and Traffic

#391 Hardware, Manufacture and Tool Making

#40 Machines, Rope making, etc.

#404 Machines (Household) (2 folders)

#407 Agricultural Machinery (3 folders)

#412 General Tools (3 folders)

#413 Special Tools (5 folders)

#415 Utensils, Household (2 folders)

#416 Appliances, Household

#417 Apparatus (miscellaneous equipment)

#444 Retail businesses

#482 Burden (carrying an A-frame pack board) (2 folders)

#487 Routes

#492 Animal Transport

#493 Vehicles, Bicycles

#513 Sleeping

#524 Games: children/adult (2 folders)

#525 Gambling

#526 Athletic Sports, Recreation

#531 Decorative Art

#533 Music

#534 Musical Instruments

#535 Dancing (festival)

#571 Social Relations and Groups

#585 Nuptials

#602 Kin Relationships (2 folders)

#622 Headman (2 folders)

#626 Social Control (organizations)

#754 Sorcery (2 folders)

#759 Medical Personnel

#764 Funeral

#765 Mourning

#769 Cult of the Dead (2 folders)

#774 Animism

#776 Spirits and Gods

#778 Sacred Objects and Places (2 folders)

#781 Religious Experience

#783 Purification and Expiation

#791 Magicians/Diviners/Shamans

#794 Congregation

Box 106

Negatives - Korean Research (continued):

#804 Unit of Measurement for Grain

#853 Infant Feeding

#854 Infant Care

#855 Child Care

#857 Childhood Activities

#858 Status of Children

#866 Independence Training (Socialization)

#872 Elementary Education

#875 Teachers

#882 Status of Adolescents

#883 Activities of Adolescents

#887 Activities of the Aged

xxx Miscellaneous Sacred Objects and Places Not in Sam Jong Dong

Photocopies of Illustrations Used for Research/Publication (untitled)

Photocopies of Prints for Village Environment, Part II

Negatives Containing Images of Clothing

Slides about the Exhibition on Korean Clothing

Photographs taken by Langdon Warner (Fogg Museum) regarding Korea, 1971

Photographs taken by R. I. Eddy on Korean Utilitary Ware (in Korea, undated)

Untitled, Photographs of Korean Village Landscapes (2 folders)

Negatives: Agriculture, Funerals and Ancestor Worship, Wedding, Religion, Homes, Households, Villagers

Unarranged Photographs (noted as used for a publication) of Korean household implements, dress, agricultural tools, Korean screen, and buckets

Part III (illustrations, numbers 121-253). Contains photographs, negatives, sketches, and an illustration checklist and slide inventory.

Box 107

Notes and Citations (3 folders)

Notes and Citations

Bibliographic Sources (5 folders)

Notes - Chapter I

Notes - Chapter II

Notes - Chapter III (3 folders)

Character List of Korean Terms (English-Korean) by Material Culture Numbers, from Part III

Notes - Material Culture

Notes - History of Village House

Notes - Final Chapter (5 folders)

More Notes (3 folders)

Box 108

Untitled Folder. Contains photograph of cards.

Untitled Folder. Contains statistical data on villages, types of houses and use of land; 1986 map; and notes about houses and households.

Knez, Part II, Manual of Illustrations

A Report for the Japanese Department of Agriculture and Commerce on Korean Agriculture in Three Provinces and on Korean Village Life, 1906 (in Japanese)

Knez and Chang-su Swanson, A Selected and Annotated Bibliography of Korean Anthropology, 1968

Box 109

Photographs Which Appear to Have Been Taken During Japanese Occupation. Some of the mudang ceremonies appear to have been staged. Photographs include Japanese ethnologists:

Korean Mudangs

Korean Mudangs, Homes, and Temples

Mudang Altars

Sacred Outdoor Places

Mudang Clothing and Ceremonial Objects

Manchurian Shaman

Copies from the 1929 photograph album created by the Japanese Japanese Ministry of Education

Witch doctors (Mudang), women, from an old Japanese publication

Archaeological Objects (15 folders)

Slides, National Folk Life Museum, 1976 (3 boxes)

Slides, Korean Village Exhibit, 1971-1972 (2 boxes)

Slides, Buddhist Images and Temples, undated

Slides, Knez, Maps, House plans, and Charts for Manuscript, taken in 1978

Slides, Knez, Research Team, and Villagers, 1971, 1976, 1981, 1990

Yellow slide box, paintings of shaman ceremonies

Blue slide box, folk paintings

Box 110

Two oversize photographic albums created by the Japanese Ministry of Education and Culture, or the Editorial Bureau of Education, Government General of Chosun, 1929. Photographs are documented in Taisho and Showa Japanese. Translations may not be entirely correct. The binder is broken and two photographs are loose in page 1. Photographs document Korean life, persons of various backgrounds, cities, agricultural and village life, architectural structures, schools, shamanistic rites, religion, mountains, bridges, roads, lakes, rivers, statues, fishing vessels, schools, and various style homes. Photographs include what is now North and South Korea.

Volume 1, has a bird on the cover. The first number is the page number and the second is the photograph number. In brackets is the location of the photograph on the page. A question mark denotes image has not been fully translated.

1.1 High class man [left]

1.2 Officer [right]

2.3 Traditional normal wear dress [left]

2.4 Traditional woman's dress for outside [middle]

2.5 Traditional dress to wear at home [right]

3.6 Dress for officer [left]

3.7 Wedding wear [middle]

3.8 Normal wear [right]

4.9 Prince Lee (25th Choson Dynasty King, 1852-1919. Reigned 1863-1907.) [left]

4.10 Korean gentleman's dress? [middle]

4.11 A woman's dress [right]

5.12 Daily wear dress [left]

5.13 Child's winter dress [middle]

5.14 Bride's headdress [right]

6.15 A gentleman riding a horse [left]

6.16 Korean gentleman riding a horse? [middle]

6.17 A farmer riding a horse [right]

7.18 Farmer's horse [left]

7.19 Peddler selling washing rod [middle]

7.20 Metalsmith [right]

8.21 Prison labor [left]

8.22 Candy peddlers [middle]

8.23 A fish dealer (store) [right]

9.24 Candy store [left]

9.25 Pounding rice cake [middle]

9.26 Pumping water [right]

10.27 Carrying an object on top of the head [left]

10.28 Pickle pots [middle]

10.29 Carrying baby? [right]

11.30 Playing Japanese chess game [left]

11.31 Not translated [middle]

11.32 Farmer's housewife [right]

12.33 Farmer's child [left]

12.34 Flying kites [middle]

12.35 Children's winter clothing or crying child [right]

13.36 Playing archery [top right]

13.37 Private school, or after school [bottom right]

13.38 Priests of temple [top left]

13.39 Funeral [bottom left]

14.40 Street vendor [top right]

14.41 Eating house, or restaurant [bottom right]

14.42 Having food [top left]

14.43 Street vendor [bottom left]

15.44 Pounding chili pepper [top right]

15.45 Squeezing oil [bottom right]

15.46 Street vendor [top left]

15.47 Not translated [bottom left]

16.48 A hauler? [top right]

16.49 Mud wall, or earthen wall [bottom right]

16.50 Mud wall, or earthen wall [top left]

16.51 Pounding rice [bottom left]

17.52 Shoe store [top right]

17.53 General store [bottom right]

17.54 General store [top left]

17.55 Brass work store [bottom left]

18.56 Fruit seller [top right]

18.57 Notions dealer [bottom right]

18.58 Hat store [top left]

18.59 Notions dealer [bottom left]

19.60 Picking carrots [top right]

19.61 Metal worker [bottom right]

19.62 Farmer's harvest [top left]

19.63 Market [bottom left]

20.64 Market [top right]

20.65 Weaving a mat [bottom right]

20.66 Pounding rice cake [top left]

20.67 Making an earthen vessel [bottom left]

21.68 Pumping water or pumping water from a well [top right]

21.69 Same as 21.68 [bottom right]

21.70 Cultivation [top left]

21.71 Horse riding [bottom left]

22.72 Funeral farewell services [top right]

22.73 A visit to a grave [bottom right]

22.74 Funeral procession [top left]

22.75 Funeral procession [bottom left]

23.76 Not translated [top right]

23.77 Laundry [bottom right]

23.78 Farmer's life [top left]

23.79 Family in general [bottom left]

24.80 Fishing on ice [top right]

24.81 Collecting ice [bottom right]

24.82 Family, or large family [top left]

24.83 Missing [bottom left]

Box 110

Volume 2, with flower on the cover. Box denotes location of image on the page. Numbers have been assigned to the translations. The first number is the page number and the second is the number of the print on the page. In brackets is the location of the photograph on the page.

Missing (Cherry blossom garden) [top left]

1.2 Cherry blossoms [bottom right]

2.3 Daikanmon gate [top left]

2.4 Nandaimon (south big gate) gate and Nandaimon gate street [bottom left]

2.5 Nandaimon gate 30 years ago (year of Meiji 28, 1895) [top right]

2.6 Kohkamon (light gate) gate 10 years ago [bottom right]

3.7 Daidomon gate street [top left]

3.8 Todaimo (east big gate) gate [bottom left]

3.9 Daidomon gate [top right]

3.10 Keijo-kita-mon gate (Seoul north gate) [bottom right]

4.11 Dokuristumon gate (Independence gate) and Dokuritsukan [top left]

4.12 Mizuhara (Minahara) Nishimon gate (water field west gate) [bottom left]

4.13 A gate [top right]

4.14 No translation [bottom right]

5.15 Palace garden [top left]

5.16 Entrance for a temple [bottom left]

5.17 Place garden [top right]

5.18 Pavilion [bottom right]

6.19 Mizuhara (Minahara) [top left]

6.20 Detached palace [bottom left]

6.21 A part of castle wall in Seoul [top right]

6.22 No translation [bottom right]

7.23 A hall in Kongosan mountain [top left]

7.24 Stone cave pavilion [bottom left]

7.25 White Buddha [top right]

7.26 Temple [bottom right]

8.27 Kanko River [top left]

8.28 Kanoko River [bottom left]

8.29 Missing [top right]

8.30 Kinko River [bottom right]

9.31 Daidoko River [top left]

9.32 Kanko River [bottom left]

9.33 Asaura [top right]

9.34 Asaura [bottom right]

10.35 Pyongyang and Taedong River [top left]

10.36 No translation [bottom left]

10.37 River [top right]

10.38 Kanko Bridge [bottom right]

11.39 Laundry by water [top left]

11.40 Near bridge inside of city [bottom left]

11.41 Washing by water [top right]

11.42 Washing clothes (?) [bottom right]

12.43 Near Asaura [top left]

12.44 Kanko River [bottom left]

12.45 The foot of a mountain [top right]

12.46 Kanko riverside [bottom right]

13.47 Kai Kongo (Sea) [top right]

13.48 Kai Kongo (Sea) [bottom right]

13.49 Kai Kongo (Sea) [top left]

13.50 Kai Kongo (Sea) [bottom left]

14.51 Kita Kanzan (Hoku Kanzan) Mountain [top right]

14.52 Kita Kanzan (Hoku Kanzan) Mountain [bottom right]

14.53 Kita Kanzan (Hoku Kanzan) Mountain [top left]

14.54 Kongosan Mountain [bottom left]

15.55 Nanahoshi (Shichisei) mon gate [right]

15.56 Gate [middle]

15.57 Temple [left]

16.58 Foot of Kita Kanzan Mountain [right]

16.59 Ronsan Mountain Buddha [middle]

16.60 Mizuhara (Minahara) [left]

17.61 No translation [top right]

17.62 Harvest [bottom right]

17.63 Picking vegetable [top left]

17.64 Near Azabu [bottom left]

18.65 Foot of Kongosan Mountain [top right]

18.66 Temple [bottom right]

18.67 Landscape of suburb [top left]

18.68 Life of farmer [bottom left]

19.69 Drawing water in riverside [right]

19.70 Drinking along the river [middle]

19.71 Suburb in early summer [left]

20.72 Landscape in countryside [right]

20.73 Market [middle]

20.74 A cooper in early summer [left]

21.75 No translation [top right]

21.76 Shrine or Temple building, East Seoul [bottom right]

21.77 Detached palace in the Chosen Hotel [top left]

21.78 Kaijo (open castle) [bottom left]

22.79 Kongosan Mountain [top right]

22.80 Kongosan Mountain [bottom right]

22.81 Kongosan Mountain [top left]

22.82 Kongosan Mountain [bottom left]

23.83 Foot of Kitakanzan Mountain [top right]

23.84 Kosan Mountain [bottom right]

23.85 Kitakanzan Mountain [top left]

23.86 Landscape of suburb in Seoul [bottom left]

24.87 Kongosan Mountain [top right]

24.88 Kongosan Mountain [bottom right]

24.89 Missing [top left]

24.90 Kongosan Mountain [bottom left]

Box 111

One photographic album possibly created by the Japanese Ministry of Education and Culture, or the Editorial Bureau of Education, Government General of Chosun, 1929. Photographs are documented (written in Japanese). They contain scenes of individuals, village life, ceremonies, and sports.

Each image in the volume is numbered consecutively. The volume opens from right to left. A question mark denotes image has not been fully translated.

1. Woman in dancing cloths. Showa period, year 4.

2. Missing (woman with flower and umbrella)

3. Woman. Date, see 1.

4. No translation

5. Woman in old time

6. Women in modern time. Date, see 1.

7. School in Pyong Yong [Pyong Yang?]

8. Dancing women

9. Women's activity? Date, see 1.

10. Women's activity? Date, see 1.

11. Women's activity? Date, see 1.

12. Women's activity? Date, see 1.

13. Missing

14. Missing

15. Missing

16. Missing

17. Missing

18. Missing

19. Missing

20. Missing

21. Korean children's play. Date, see 1.

22. Old women in Pyong Yong [Pyong Yang?]. Date, see 1.

23. Inside of the Korean family, Chosen. Date, see 1.

24. Women going out on rainy days. Date, see 1.

25. A woman smoking from a smoking pipe. Date, see 1.

26. Children standing in front of a gate. Date, see 1.

27. Pray?

28. Missing

29. Not translated. Taisho period, year 13, February.

30. Picture missing. Date, see 1.

31. A girl on New Year's day. Taisho period, year 13, February.

32. A peddler carrying jars. Date, see 1.

33. Missing

34. Inside of the house. Date, see 1.

35. Women sightseeing? Taking a walk? Date, see 1.

36. Missing

37. Women archery. Date, see 1.

38. Missing

39. Shogi (Japanese chess). Date, see 1.

40. Not translated. Date, see 1.

41. Missing

42. Missing

43. A woman wearing outer garment with things on her head?

44. Taking a break on the way. Showa period, year 2, September.

45. Missing

46. Not translated. Written in Hangul.

47. Not sure. A habit of a woman? A bookkeeper? Date, see 1.

48. A farmer weaving a rug? Date, see 1.

49. Peddlers selling candy. Date, see 1.

50. Chicken peddler. Old time. Date, see 1.

51. A woman wearing a long dress? Date, see 1.

52. A man pumping water. Date, see 1.

53. Two maidens

54. Not translated. Date, see 1.

55. Missing

56. A woman carrying a big basket on her head.

57. Modern woman. Date?

58. Two boy monks.

59. Old style Korean man wearing mourning hat. Date, see 1.

60. Korean mask play. Date, see 1.

61. Missing

62. Women carrying the luggage on their heads (old time).

63. The market site. Date, see 1.

64. Outside of the restaurant. Date, see 1.

65. The figure of a girl and a child? Backside showing Chinese queue and old style cape. Date, see 1.

66. Stick peddler. Date, see 1.

67. Medicine water. Holy spring. Date, see 1.

68. An ice cream peddler. Date, see 1.

69. Fire wood peddler? Date, see 1.

70. A resting traveler. Date, see 1.

71. An old man resting in the park. Date, see 1.

72. A bride going out. Date, see 1.

73. A chest merchant. Date, see 1.

74. A guest room, house master's room. Date, see 1.

75. Grain pounding on a farm. Date, see 1.

76. Women playing archery. Date, see 1.

77. Offering in worship counter? Taisho period, year 13, February.

78. Prayer for a good harvest in new year. Taisho period, year 13, February.

79. Missing

80. Fishing in winter, Kanpo river. Date, see 1.

81. Missing

82. Missing

83. Missing

84. Fortune bamboo basket peddler (From night of New Year's Eve to morning of New Year's day).

Date, see 1.

85. A donkey carrying luggage. Date, see 1.

86. A lady crossing a bridge. Date, see 1.

87. An eating house. Date, see 1.

88. A flag for festival and drums. Date, see 1.

89. Weeding rice field. Date, see 1.

90. Weeding rice field. Date, see 1.

91. Missing

92. Laundry at a ravine. Taisho period, year 11, January.

93. Drawing water. Date, see 1.

94. A woman walking along the river. Date, see 1.

95. Medicine water. Date, see 1.

96. Washing laundry at riverside. Date, see 1.

97. A woman carrying the laundry on her head. Date, see 1.

98. Prayer, Seoul. Date, see 1.

99. Prayer, Seoul. Date, see 1.

100. Stepping sword dance. Date, see 1.

101. Stepping sword dance. Date, see 1.

102. Dance of God. Date, see 1.

103. Missing

104. Outer clothing and tools for shrine service people. Date, see 1.

105. Alter for God. Date, see 1.

106. Outerfit for shrine service people. Date, see 1.

107. Outerfit for shrine service people. Date, see 1.

108. Alter for God. Date, see 1.

109. Alter for God, Seoul. Date, see 1.

110. Alter for God, Seoul Date, see 1.

111. Not translated. Date, see 1.

112. Not translated. Date, see 1.

113. Shrine maiden's dress? Outer clothes for shrine service people, Seoul. Date, see 1.

114. Shrine maiden's dress? Outer clothes for shrine service people, Seoul. Date, see 1.

115. Shrine maiden's dress? Outer clothes for shrine service people, Seoul. Date, see 1.

116. Shrine maiden's dress? Outer clothes for shrine service people, Seoul. Date, see 1.

117. Offering ceremony divination. Date, see 1.

118. Not translated.

119. Not translated.

120. Mortuary for god in shrine festival, Seoul. Showa period, year 2, September.

121. Mortuary for god in shrine festival, Seoul. Showa period, year 2, September.

122. The rock to pray for children. Date, see 1.

123. The rock to pray for children. Date, see 1.

124. Wild goose and Buddha, made of wood. Date, see 1.

125. Mortuary for god in shrine festival. Date, Date, see 1.

126. Missing

127. Loose picture. Woman playing with a swing.

138. Loose picture. Not translated.

Box 112

One oversize photographic album, possibly created during the 1920s or earlier. Photographs document scenes of Korean Buddhist temples, pagodas, shrines, and writings, architecture, stone carvings, and ceremonial vessels.

Box 113

Case 1 (brown). Slides were removed from the case. Three Folders. Contains slides of Korea, 1951- . Includes unlabeled slides, households, art, homes, buildings, shops, markets, toys and games, vehicles, handicraft, communication, musical instruments, weights and measures, animal husbandry, agriculture, ancestor worship, weddings, villages, clothing, and religion. Note states, Three Villages of Three Ministries Community, South Post, Three Ministries, Front Hill.

Case 2 (blue). Slides were removed from the case. Two folders. Contains slides of Korea, some negatives and prints. Slides document households, villages, homes/buildings, agriculture, funerals and ancestor worship, religion, clothing, and weddings.

Case 3 (blue). Contains slides of Korea, some unlabelled. Documents toys and games, animal husbandry, carpentry and blacksmith, vehicles, furniture, hunting and fishing, handicrafts, toilet, tobacco smoking, weights and measures, art/adornment, shops/markets, confections, communication, education, exhibits, and villages. Notes states Three Ministries Community, South Post, Three Ministries, and Front Hill.

Case 4 (light brown). Slides about Korea. Includes miscellaneous material, National Folk Life Museum, research personnel (Korean), Korean exhibits, Washington, DC, manuscript slides, Suwon Korean village, Urban Korea, Korean roads, and Korean art and culture.

Case 5 (grey). Includes slides on Korea, Sam Jong Dong broken out by numbers used for research studies, West Pakistan, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysian Hall, Thailand, and Taiwan.

Box 114

Photograph Album. Contains prints, electrostatic copies, sketches, and maps documenting Knez's work in Korea. Information similar to photographs elsewhere in this series. All items are numbered. Undated.

Box 115

Photograph Album. Korean Yesteryears. A photographic coverage of Korea put into place in 2000. Duplicates materials in the above album, but also contains items missing from that album.


End Part 1
Continue: KNEZ PART 6

Last updated: March 17, 2002
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