Register to the Papers of
Carol F. Jopling

By James R. Glenn

Revised by
Robert Leopold

National Anthropological Archives
Smithsonian Institution

August 2000


Scope and Content Note

Series Descriptions and Container Lists

Art and Aesthetics Correspondence, 1966-1972 (Bulk 1968)

Yalalag Correspondence, 1968-1975

Yalalag Weavers Welsh Figure Preference Tests and Family History Interviews

Yalalag Weavers Miscellaneous Folders

Fieldnotes on Yalalag Weavers

Yalalag Tape Recordings

Yalalag Photographs

Negatives of Yalalag Photographs

Color Slides of Yalalag





Carol F. Jopling, a librarian and an anthropologist, conducted fieldwork among the Zapotec in Yalalag, Oaxaca, Mexico (1969-1971). She received a Ph.D. from the University of Massachusetts after completing a dissertation entitled Women Weavers of Yalalag: Their Art and Its Process (1973).

She has long been interested in art, having taught courses in primitive and pre-Columbian art at Catholic University and American University in Washington D.C. She also edited an anthology of articles entitled Art and Aesthetics in Primitive Societies (E.P. Dutton, 1971).

Mrs. Jopling is a former librarian for the Bureau of American Ethnology and the Smithsonian/Tropical Research Institute in Panama.


Scope and Content Note

The papers of Carol F. Jopling relate to her work as an instructor of primitive and Pre-Columbian art as well as her fieldwork in Yalalag, Oaxaca for her doctorate in Anthropology. The materials cover the years 1966-1975, the bulk being 1968-69. The collection can be divided into two sections. The first and smaller part contains correspondence relating to the publication of the book edited by Jopling in 1971. The second portion and bulk of the collection contains the materials relating to her work in Yalalag. This material contains correspondence, fieldnotes, photographs, color slides and cassette tape recordings. The majority consists of her fieldnotes and forms recording family history interviews and the results of the Welsh Figure Preference test. The fieldnotes often explain events which were photographed as well as describing the community life Yalalag.


Series Descriptions and Container Lists

ART AND AESTHETICS CORRESPONDENCE, 1966-1972 (Bulk 1968) 2 ½ inches.

Contains incoming and outgoing letters. Although there are a few personal letters interspersed, the majority concerns the process of publishing Art and Aesthetics in Primitive Societies. Also included are letters requesting permission to reproduce the articles and photographs contained in the book, publisher rejection letters, letters of congratulations or thanks for copies of the book, anonymous evaluations of the book sent by the publisher, and invoices of fees for duplication of articles and photographs. The letters were grouped together by Jopling according to the topic discussed within the contents of the letter. The majority were written to, or received from Cyril I. Nelson of E.P. Dutton, publisher of Art and Aesthetics in Primitive Societies. Other names include: Ronald M. Berndt, Henry Bascom Collins Jr., Brenda Gilchrist, Frank J. Malina, F. Clarke Newlon, Charlotte Otten, Harold K. Schneider, J. Zwernemann.

Box 1

All folders contain letters requesting permission to reproduce the articles and photographs contained in the book.

File 1 includes:

Description and purpose of Art and Aesthetics in Primitive Societies.


Letters of congratulations and thanks

File 2 includes:


Example of book’s cover

File 3 includes:

Permission requests

File 4 includes:

Permission requests

File 5 includes:

Publisher rejection letters

Anonymous evaluations

Letters requesting advice on publication of book

YALALAG CORRESPONDENCE, 1968-1975. 1 inch.

Arranged Chronologically

Contains incoming and outgoing correspondence in English and Spanish. Letters cover a variety of topics concerning Jopling’s work in Mexico. Also included are letters of introduction and miscellaneous letters to acquaintances. Of particular interest is an article on the Silver crosses of Oaxaca, a letter from Textile Museum in Washington D.C. acknowledging Jopling’s gift in Yalalag weaving, and letters from John Paddock discussing Jopling’s research in Mexico. Several of the letters are from residents of Yalalag, who are also referred to in the fieldnotes. These are Padre Apolinar, Carmelia Fabian, Augustina Fernandez, Roman Jimenez Mazas, Juan Alejo P., Agapito Fabian Santiago, and Nicodemus B. Vasquez. Others include Orin T. Howard and Kate Young (who is also referred to in the fieldnotes.)

Box 1 (continued)

File 6 includes:

Incoming and Outgoing Correspondence

Letters of Introduction

Miscellaneous personal letters


Contents include mimeographed forms on which scores of the Welsh Figure Preference Tests and Family History of individual wavers were recorded. Jopling assigned Numbers or letters to each weaver. The numbers/letters were used to identify weavers’ photographs and test score sheets. Names, assigned number/letter and test scores were also recorded on 4x6 index cards, which were generally stapled to the family history interview forms. The forms were arranged numerically or alphabetically by the assigned number/letter. They were grouped together into folders which were labeled by Jopling as "Have Examples" and "Do Not have Examples" which seems to imply examples of weaving which had been or needed to be obtained by Jopling. The final folder contains mimeographed flowers, which were colored by the individual weavers and examples of their writing. Of particular importance is a list in file 5, which contains the weaver’s names and their assigned number. Also included are various charts compiling tests and interview results.

Box 2

File 1 includes:

Welsh Figure Preference Test and Family history Interviews. Labeled "Have Examples"

Includes numbers 1-2, 4-5, 11, 17-19, 21-24, 29-30, 32, 34, 38-42.

File 2 includes:

Welsh Figure Preference Test and Family

History Interviews. Labeled "have Examples"

Includes numbers 53, 67, 71, 73, 74, 79, 80-81, 83, 86-89, 92, 99-100, 103, 105, 109.

File 3 includes:

Welsh Figure Preference Test and Family History Interviews. Labeled "Do Not Have Examples". Includes numbers 9, 13-14, 31, 40, 43, 44-48, 50, 56, 60, 63, 69, 70, 72, 75, 82, 85, 90, 94-95, 97, 102, 104.

Also includes list of weavers with notations "need to buy"

(Note: Two forms are assigned to Juana Rios, numbers 102 and 9.)

File 4 includes:

Family History Interviews

The forms in this file are arranged numerically 1-3. However the numbers on the forms are NOT the assigned identification numbers that were given to each weaver.

Copies of questions in Spanish

Chart compiling information from the interview

File 5 includes:

Welsh Figure Preference Test and Family History Interviews (Bulk Interviews) Includes numbers 67, K, H, 12, 52, 62, 106, 108, 3, 6-8, 10, 15, 16, 20, 25-28, 33, 37, 45, 49, 51, 54-55, 57, 59, 61, 64-66, 68, 76, 84, 91, 93, 96, 98, 101, 107.

List of weaver’s names and assigned numbers

Charts compiling test results

File 6 includes:

Welsh Figure Preference Tests

B-G, I-P, R-U, X, AA

File 7 includes:

Welsh Figure Preference Tests

Coloring Examples

Writing Examples


File 8 includes:

Samples of braided color threads.


Contains a variety of materials concerning Jopling’s work in Yalalag. Of particular interest is a report of her field trip to Yalalag, Oaxaca in 1969 and a Catalog of Weaving Examples for the Textile Museum in Washington D.C. This catalog includes a description of the weaving example and biographical information on the individual weaver. Also contained are examples of Yalalag Publications.

Box 3

File 1

Catalog of Yalalag Weaving for Textile Museum

File 2

Calendario & Postcard showing local costume

File 3

Index of Populated Places in the Valley of Oaxaca.

File 4

Report of Field Trip to Yalalag, Oaxaca

April 19, 1969.

File 5

Examples of Yalalag Publishing

File 6 includes:

3 Zapotec language Primers

File 7

Miscellaneous Photographs of Yalalag


Dance Exhibition

Group of unidentified men

Religious procession

File 8

Negatives of Weaving Process III

FIELDNOTES ON YALALAG WEAVERS. 5 inches, 12 notebooks.

The fieldnotes contain 5 inches of typewritten notes, which are arranged alphabetically by subject and are transcriptions of the notebooks. The notebooks are, for the most part, arranged chronologically. However there are some subject entries within the notebooks. Many of the people and events, which were photographed or recorded on cassette tapes, are described in the fieldnotes.

Note: Individuals are arranged alphabetically by FIRST name.

The following people have extensive references: Agapita Poblano, Alicia Illescas, Augustina Fernandez, Aurelia Baltazar, Carmelia (?), Fabian Family, Francesca Dominquez, Hilaria Montez, Irene Matias, Limeta Family, Maria Zacharias, Rosenda Completo, Salustria (?), Shorter references to individuals can be found under the topic "Weavers".

Box 4



I---------Mar. 17-Apr. 1

II--------Apr. 2-Apr. 7

II--------Sept. 13-Oct. 6

III------Oct. 7-Nov. 2

IV------Nov. 3-Dec. 4

V-------Dec. 5-Jan. 3

VI------Apr. 16 Apr. 26

VII-----Apr. 27-May 20

VIII----May 21-Jun. 21

IX------Jun. 5-Jun. 21

X-------Jun. 22-Jun. 28

Typescript notes











The majority of the cassettes are recording of events attended by Jopling while she was in Mexico. They tend to alternate between speeches and music. There is a great deal of background noise from the crowds at the events. Many of the events are described extensively in the fieldnotes. The other tapes are interviews or conversations with various weavers in Yalalag. All conversations are in the local dialect. There are also references to these people in the fieldnotes.

Box 5

Tape 1- TDK

Side A—"La Novena, San Antonio 6/3/71"

Side B – " La Novena (Rosario) San Antonio 6/3/71"

See field notes under Fiesta-San Antonio and San Antonio- Fiesta

Tape 2- TDK

Side A – "Fiesta, Misa, Basketball, San Antonio"

Side B – "(?) Basketball"

Tape 3- Scotch C-60

Unlabeled – alternates between speeches, band music and singing.

Side 2--- appears to be a church service

Tape 4- Sony

Side A—Unlabeled

Side B – "Augustina Family & Lucia"


Zapotec Names and Family

Tape 5-Cresendo

Appears to be recording of a church service

Tape 6

Labeled "Santa Rosa"

Includes drum and flute music interspersed with a church service.

Band music.

Tape 7

Labeled "Rosario"

Side 1—Blank

Side 2 – Music with background noise from crowd

Tape 8

Side 1 – "Independencia Grito Side"

Side 2—"Independencia"

Speeches alternating with music and singing.

Tape 9

Side 1—"Chi Chi Castpec Band & Jose Mendez"

Side 2 – "Jose Mendez"

Includes band music and interview with Jose Mendez

Tape 10

Side 1—"Virginia Limeta & Augustia"

Side 2—"Augustina Fernandez"


Tape 11

Side 1 – " Lucia & Saula, Agapita Poblano"

Side 2 – "Francesca Dominguez


Tape 12

Side 1 – " Francesca Dominguez"

Side 2—" Francesca Dominguez"


Tape 13

Side 1—"Maria Zacharias"

Side 2 – " Limeta family"


Tape 14

Side 1 –"Limeta"

Side 2 – "Limeta"


Tape 15

Side 1—" Limeta & (?)"

Side 2 – Unlabeled

Beginning of Side 1 appears to be a recitation or speech followed by band music and then the Limeta Family. Side 2 contains voice talking over a P.A. system and music alternation with speaking.


The photographs are arranged by subject and include pictures of identified Yalalag weavers, events, examples of weaving and the waving process. The subjects photographed are often referred to in the fieldnotes. The largest group of photos is of the Yalalag weavers. These have been identified by Jopling and were labeled with their name and identification number given on the Welsh Figure Preference Tests found in Box 2. Some of these photos were arranged into groups of four with no apparent order and were photographed a second time. These have been labeled as Composite Photographs of Yalalag Weavers. On the composites certain names were checked or underlined. These pictures were then arranged into groups of two and photographed for a third time. However only negatives of the groups of two exist (box 10).

Box 6



Dance Exhibition

Group of unidentified men

Religious procession




Dance Exhibition III

German Matias


Huarache makers


Interior of General Store


Pig Killing

Religious Ceremony

Unidentified Girls

Box 7


Basketball Game






Box 8


Allenede – Bernabe

Cancio – Cruz

Diago --Fernandez

Geronimo – Jimenez

Lanch C. – Matias

Mecinas – Mireles

Molina – Morales

Mulato – Poblano

Revilla – Rios

Ruiz – Tico

Tomas – Zacharias

Composite Photographs (3 envelopes)

Extra Copies

Unidentified Weavers

Unidentified Weaver and Dog

Box 9


Weaving process I

Weaving process II

Weaving process III

Example of Weaving

Photograph of loom


Box 10

Negatives of Identified Yalalag Weavers

Composite photographs --- groups of 4

Examples of Weaving

Identified Weavers --- groups of 2

Unidentified Girls

Unidentified Weaver and Dog

Unidentified Weavers

Weaving Process I

Box 11

Negatives to Miscellaneous photographs




Huarache Makers

German matias



Religious procession

Unidentified group of men

Box 12


Yalalag Schooled & Unschooled Women HC sections

Yalalag Schooled & Unschooled Women LC sections

Yalalag Secondary School Men & Women HC sections

Yalalag Secondary School Men & Women LC sections

Yalalag Subjects & Tufts Univ. Students HC Sections

Yalalag Subjects & Tufts Univ. Students LC sections.


The slides are arranged alphabetically by subjects, which are parallel to those assigned to the photographs. Many of the slides duplicate individual photographs. Of particular interest is a set, which was number 1-52 by Jopling and appears to have been used as a slide presentation. Subjects in the slides are referred to in the fieldnotes.

Box 13


Basketball game






Dancing Exhibition



Slide presentations

Weaving examples

Weaving process

Dark Exposures


This group of slides does not have any bearing to Jopling’s work in Mexico but was included with her papers. All additional materials were incorporated here.

Box 14


AEC Taos Dances

Mashpee PowWow

Box 15

Responses to aesthetic preference test; graphic testing materials; snapshot prints and negatives depicting visit of state governor to village.


Map Case 4

Map of Yalalag – Birds—eye view of town

Drawer 2

Map of Valley of Oaxaca

Last updated: September 19, 2001
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