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Site Credits


Site Credits
  • Stephanie Ogeneski - Website Design and Production
  • Karma Foley and Pamela Wintle- Content Development
  • Robert Leopold- Director, Archives Program
  • John Homiak -Director, Anthropology Collections and Archives Program
This web exhibit was made possible by a grant from Web Advisory Group, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. The processing of the Marshall Collection was supported by a grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Historical Archives Program.

Thanks to: Frank Aveni, Megan Avera, Carrie Beauchamp, Megan Biesele, John Bishop, Cynthia Close, Jessica Desany, Brittany Gravely, Deborah Hull-Walski, Michael Hutcherson, Ann Kaupp, Nora Lockshin, Alexandra Eliot Marshall, Daisy Njoku, Patricia Nutter, Victoria Prizzia, Claire Ritchie, Raphael Talisman, Joie Springer, and Mark White.
Tsamko ≠Oma, Nyae Nyae, 1982
Orthography Note
Ju/'hoansi are the speakers of the Ju/'hoan language. Various cultural descriptors used over the years include !Kung which is a language group containing three dialect groups, one of which is the Ju/'hoansi; San, which is now regarded by the Ju/'hoansi to have negative connotations; and Bushman, which ironically (given the derogatory history of this term) is now preferred by the Ju/'hoansi as a term of dignity. (Orthography information provided by Dr. Polly Wiessner, University of Utah anthropologist and long-time field worker among and researcher of the Ju/'hoansi.)
The orthography of the Ju/'hoan language has changed many times, though an official orthography was agreed upon and accepted by the Namibian government in 1991. For the sake of consistency given the size of the collection, this website, as well as the finding aid and cataloging records for the Marshall collection at HSFA continue to use the orthography used by the Marshall family beginning in 1950. These spellings are usually anglicized versions of the official orthography, though in some cases they may be outdated or incorrect. For authoritative information on Ju/'hoan orthography, please see the Ju/'hoan-English Dictionary by Patrick Dickens and the Ju/'hoan Peoples Literacy Committee.

Expedition truck, 1955

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Headband made of ostrich eggshell beads, !Kung Bushmen, Nyae Nyae, South West Africa
Photographs and Multimedia

John Marshall Collection, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University
Documentary Educational Resources
Ethnology Collections, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

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