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SI Skull

This crystal skull was anonymously mailed to the Smithsonian Institution in 1992. A letter included with the artifact said it was from the Aztec empire.
Photo by James DiLoreto ©Smithsonian Institution


Boban, Eugene
    1878     Comptoir d’Archeologie Prehistorique. Catalogue des Collections. Tremblay, Paris

   1881     Catalogue D'ouvrages Scientifiques; Madame Veuve Bouchard-Huzard, Paris.

   1886     The Boban Collection; Antiquities, Curios and Coins.  Geo. A. Leavitt & Co., New York

Digby, Adrian
   1936     Comments on the Morphological Comparison of Two Crystal Skulls in Man A Monthly Record of Anthropological Science.  Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 107-109.

Holmes, William Henry
    1886     The Trade in Spurious Mexican Antiquities in Science, Vol. VII, No. 159, pp. 170-172.  The Science Co., New York 

    1889          “On Some Spurious Mexican antiquities and their relation to Ancient Art” Annual Report for 1886, Smithsonian Institution, Washington

Museo Nacional de Antropologia
   1992     Catalogo del Archivo Historico (1831-1936), Vol. 1.; INAH, Mexico City

Pasztory, Esther
    2002     Truth in Forgery in West by Nonwest, RES, Vol. 42, autumn.       Peabody Museum of Archaeology & Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge.  

Sax, Margaret.; Walsh, Jane M., Freestone, Ian.C., Rankin, Andrew H.; Meeks, Nigel D.
    2008 –  The origin of two purportedly pre-Columbian Mexic an crystal skulls in Journal of Archaeological Science

Walsh, Jane MacLaren
    1997        Crystal Skulls and Other Problems in Exhibiting Dilemmas; Issues of Representation at the Smithsonian.  Eds. Henderson & Kaeppler. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC

    2006     Falsificando la historia, Los falsos objetos prehispánicos in           Arqueología Mexicana; vol. XIV, No. 82, Instituto Nacional de       Antropología e Historia, Mexico City.

   2008          The Dumbarton Oaks Tlazolteotl: Looking Beneath the Surface in Journal de la Société des Américanistes–Vol. 94, NO. 1, pp. 7-43.

Wilson, Thomas
    1896    Prehistoric Art in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution U. S. National Museum for 1896. Washington, D.C.

Manuscript Collections Consulted:

Archival Sources

Eugene Boban Correspondence, #2408498, Bibliotheque National, Paris

Eugene Boban Collection, Hispanic Society of America, New York, NY

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