|Region: Northwest Coast
Associated Cultures: Modoc
Prior the enactment of the 1989 NMAI Act, the remains of five Modoc individuals were repatriated, by the Department of Anthropology, to descendants of the Modoc. The repatriation took place in 1984 after several years of consultation. The remains include those of four named individuals who had been executed in 1873 after a trial for their actions during the Modoc War: Kientpuash (Captain Jack), Schonschin, Boston Charlie, and Black Jim. The fifth individual is an unnamed woman who died of disease whose remains were obtained from the Lava Bed Battlefields in 1873. The skeletal remains of the five individuals were sent to the Army Medical Museum in Washington DC in 1873 and transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1898.