Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives (#W2)
Alfred F. Whiting was a botanist, anthropologist, ethnobotanist, and museum man. The material reflects a period when he was a staff anthropologist in the Ponape District of the United States Trust Territory of the Pacific. Most documents concern Ponape, but there are a few that concern other areas of Micronesia. One notebook, for example, concerns a conference on self-government for Truk.
Some materials are personal but also reflect Whiting's work. There are also official reports, materials relating to meetings, summaries of economic conditions, and replies to inquiries from personnel of the territorial government. Other material concerns material culture (including some on plants), the history of Ponape, and the island's society and social problems. Material concerning the burial ground Nan Matol relates to information provided Saul H. Riesenberg in archeological work. Sared K. Aiseam, whose diary is included, was a student at an intermediate school. Some linguistic texts (largely practice materials for learning Ponape) and photographs are the work of Marjorie Grant Whiting. The Museum of Northern Arizona in Flagstaff has Whiting's other papers.
Correspondents include Sared K. Aiseam, Homer G. Barnett, K.M. Carroll, Mary Comack, Father Costigan, Jack Fisher, R.E. Gibson, R. Halverson, Henry Hedges, Donald Heron, Ruth Ingram, P.S. Kemskei, Shighu Keneshiro, R.P. Law, E.P. Luper, Frank Mahoney, Sheila Malcolm, J.A. McConell, Frank E. Midkiff, F.H. Mounton, Saul H. Riesenberg, J.L. Taylor, E.D. Thomas, John Toben, and others.
QUANTITY: ca. 2.6 linear meters (ca. 8.5 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: (1) Diaries, 1952-1954; (2) outgoing letters, 1952-1954; (3) incoming letters, 1952-1954; (4) notes filed by subject; (5) linguistic tests; (6) miscellaneous notes; (7) Nan Matol archeology project; (8) diary of Sared K. Aiseam; (9) maps and diagrams; (10) printed and processed material; (11) subject index of photographs; (12) photographic print and negative file; (13) Japanese book about Micronesia; (14) notebooks of miscellaneous materials donated by P. David Seaman.
FINDING AID: Register
Charles Wilcomb (1865-1915) was a curator at the Memorial Museum (now the M.H. de Young Museum), Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, and founder of the Oakland Museum in Oakland, California. According to Otis T. Mason, he had a "large and choice collection of California basketry."
The glass negatives show items from his collection. Identified images include baskets of the Pomo and Indians of Tulare County. Some images appeared in Mason's "Aboriginal American Basketry," Report of the United States National Museum, 1902, pages 171-548.
DATE: ca. 1900
QUANTITY: 18 negatives
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-26F.
Ellery Valdimir Wilcox studied at the Illinois College of Photography at Effingham, Illinois. From 1899 to 1912, he was employed at various studios and photographic supply houses in Illinois, South Dakota, Ohio, Missouri, Iowa, and Minnesota. In 1912, he purchased the Mason studio in Scotland, South Dakota, and operated it until 1947. He was active with the Photographers Association of America, Master Photo Finishers Association, and Photographic Society of America. He was involved with the organization of South Dakota's first photographic association and the South Dakota chapter of the Master Photo Finishers Association.
The examples of Wilcox's work were probably made at his Scotland studio. Beyond the general subjects, they are largely unidentified.
Also included are three snapshots of tombstones of Indians: Yankton Dakota Joseph Selwyn, or Medicine Cow; (ca. 1821-1898), John Pretty Bull (1851-1924); and Feather in Ear (Wiyakaoin; d. 1900).
DATE: Early twentieth century
QUANTITY: 22 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 83-44
In the 1880s and 1890s, the United States Fish Commission dispatched its ship the Albatross to the southern Pacific. The Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology sent along a photographic album of Oceania specimens, including items collected on the United States Exploring Expedition led by Charles Wilkes in 1838-1842. Scientists on the voyage were to secure additional information about the items. The photographs show artifacts from Fiji, Hawaii, Marquesas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Samoa, and the Solomons. Some items are identified as Polynesian.
QUANTITY: 38 prints
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-50
Elizabeth Bayley Willis was a textile historian and expert on decorative arts affiliated with several museums, including the San Francisco Museum of Art and the University of Washington Henry Gallery. In the 1950s, she was an advisor to Indian government officials on the development and export of arts and crafts products. In 1959-1964, she carried out research on the tribal arts of northeastern India and Bhutan.
The collection includes prints, slides, negative slides, and a postcard. The photographs were made in Assam, Siang, Khasi, and other areas of northeastern India. Some are by Willis. Others are by Verrier Elwin and Panna Pal.
DATES: ca. 1950s-1960s
QUANTITY: 84 prints
FINDING AID: Descriptions by Willis
RESTRICTION: The material is available for examination; but the archives should be consulted about the availability of reproductions.
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 79-11
The title is "Arkansea Indian (Quapaw) Circa 1700 with Calumets." The original was a pencil drawing that shows model Ed Quapaw, a three-quarter blood Quapaw with a mixture of Peoria and Shawnee, holding two feather-decorated pipes. The subject appears with the body decoration, hairdress, and other decorations of a seventeenth-century Quapaw. Accompanying the photographs is a newspaper clipping about Banks, the Quapaw, and the drawing.
DATE: 1986 or before
QUANTITY: 1 black and white print
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 87-13
Most prints were made on the Western Navaho Reservation. Shown are views of the agency, Indian dances, Theodore Roosevelt, and other subjects.
DATE: ca. 1916
QUANTITY: 56 prints
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81-20
Winold Reiss was a German landscape artist, muralist, and architect who immigrated to the United States in 1915. After World War I, he began to spend his summers at Glacier National Park, painting Blackfeet Indians. The photographs are of post-World War I paintings.
DATE: No date
QUANTITY: 80 prints
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 77-15
The print has no further information.
QUANTITY: 1 print
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 76-140
Dadi Wirz is a Swiss-born artist, print maker, and photographer. He has taught at the École du Louvre in Paris, Ohio State University, and the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence. In 1952 and 1955, he traveled to the Sepik River area of New Guinea with his father, anthropologist Paul Wirz. His prints show sculpture, body painting, and views of New Guinea life.
DATES: 1952 and 1955
QUANTITY: 133 prints
FINDING AID: None
RESTRICTION: The material is under copyright.
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 109
Shown is a "live-in" course offered at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, by Cavalliere Ketchum. Largely they concern the construction of a birchbark lodge. Participants included Chippewa, Menominee, and Potawatomi.
QUANTITY: 45 prints
ARRANGEMENT: Apparently in the sequence of activities
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 78-47
Included are photomechanical prints showing Iron Hail (Dakota); James A. Garfield (Apache); Yuma men before a mud house; a Dakota chief at Frontier Days at Cheyenne, Wyoming; a Hopi weaver; Hopi House at Grand Canyon; a Hopi street scene; Seminole wedding; and other subjects.
DATES: Early 20th century
QUANTITY: 13 postcards
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 92-37
Included are images relating to 9CH4 (Bilbo Site), 9CH11 (Walthour site), 9CH2, and 9CH8. The archeologist was Joseph Caldwell.
QUANTITY: 180 negatives and 20 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 87-3
H. Marie Wormington (known socially as Mrs. George D. Volk) received her education from the University of Denver (B.A., 1935) and Radcliffe College (M.A. in anthropology, 1950, and Ph.D., 1954). She joined the Denver Museum of Natural History staff in 1935 and was the curator of archeology there from 1937 to 1968. She has also been affiliated as a visiting or adjunct professor with Arizona State University, Colorado College, the University of Colorado, and the University of Wyoming. In 1977, she received an honorary doctorate in humane letters from Colorado State University.
Immediately after her B.A., Wormington traveled in France (her mother's native land), where she met many leading archeologists and worked under Henri Martin in an Paleolithic excavation in the Dordogne. She retained an interest in French archeology for the rest of her life.
After she became affiliated with the Denver Museum of Natural History, Wormington's speciality became early man in North America and the Fremont and Uncompaghre cultures. In 1936, she cataloged the Lindenmeier material in the collection of the Denver Museum of Natural History and excavated the Johnson Site (a Folsom camp) near La Porte, Colorado. In 1937-1938, she excavated rock shelters in Montrose County and, in 1938-1941 and again in 1947, worked at a Fremont village site in Grand County, Utah. In 1951-1952, she excavated rock shelters in Mesa County, Colorado, and in 1955-1956, she surveyed prehistoric migration routes of ancient hunters in the Province of Alberta, Canada. During 1966-1967, she worked at the Frazier Agate Basin site in Weld County, Colorado; and, in the following year, she joined Joe Ben Wheat at the Jurgens Cody site in the same county. She also served as a consultant on an excavation of mammoth and associated material in the Valley of Mexico (1952); excavation of a human skeleton near Turin, Iowa (1955); excavations at Onion Portage, Alaska (1963); the Scottsbluff butchering site near Chadron, Nebraska (1971); and Hot Springs Mammoth Site, South Dakota (1977).
Wormington is probably most remembered for her syntheses of great amounts of data on early man. Especially well known is her Ancient Man in North America, published by the DMNH in 1939 with new editions appearing in 1944, 1949, and 1957. In 1947, through the DMNH, she published Prehistoric Man of the Southwest.
Wormington served as vice president of the Society for American Archaeology in 1950-1951 and in 1955-1956. In 1968, she became the first woman to serve as president of the SAA.
The papers reflect many aspects of Wormington's professional life, although there is relatively little concerning her curatorial work. Correspondents include James M. Adovasio, Larry D. Agenbroad, George Agogino, Duane C. Anderson, Juan Armenta, Robert Ashton, Ignacio Bernal, John O. Brew, Alan L. Bryan, David Burley, Marie Madeleine Baboulet, Richard Carrington, George F. Carter, E. Stephen Cassells, J. Desmond Clark, John L. Cotter, Richard D. Daugherty, E. Mott Davis, Charles C. Di Peso, Don W. Dragoo, Bertha P. Dutton, Loren C. Eisley, Florence Hawley Ellis, John C. Ewers, Paul H. Ezell, Franklin Folsom, Stephen Forbath, Richard G. Forbis, George C. Frison, F.M. Fryxell, Paul Gebhart, Joyce Griffin, Julian Hayden, C. Vance Haynes, Thor Heyerdahl, William N. Irving, Henry Irwin, Cynthia Irwin-Williams, Lawrence Jackson, Elaine Johnson, Frederick Johnson, Neil M. Judd, A.J. Kelso, Mary Elizabeth King, Ruthann Knudson, L.S.B. Leakey, H.L. Minshall, James Robert Moriarty III, Noël Morss, Hallam L. Movius, Dennis E. Puleson, Barbara Purdy, Bruce E. Rippeteau, Frank H.H. Roberts, Jr., Richard Shulter, Dennis J. Stanford, R.L. Stephenson, Robert Stuckenrath, Clara Lee Tanner, Marvin E. Tong, Christie G. Turner, Sol Tax, Harry Walton, A.J. Waring, and Sharon Young.
QUANTITY: ca. 10.8 linear meters (ca. 35 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: The material has no discernible overall arrangement.
FINDING AID: List
Included are color and black-and-white postcards. Shown are city views, including government buildings, street scenes,
bridges, parks, churches, and a harbor scene in Manilla. There are also portraits of natives and a miscellany of other subjects.
DATE: No date
QUANTITY: 35 items
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 83-31
Bill Wright is an Abilene, Texas, photographer. Three photographs were made at Ysleta Pueblo, Texas, and show activities relating to the celebration of St. Anthony, June, 1986. and dancers before the church. The other photographs were made in Coahuila, Mexico, and show Kickapoos and Black Seminoles. Most of them are portraits, but some show houses and other structures
DATE: 1986; ca. 1993
QUANTITY: 17 prints
RESTRICTION: The photographs are under copyright.
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 91-3
Hamilton Wright, Sr., an early promoter of Miami Beach, founded a public relations firm that made travelogs, often for domestic and foreign governments. They were distributed to motion picture houses around the world. Hamilton Wright, Jr., continued his father's work.
Included are early lantern slides that concern Egyptian pyramids and the tomb of Tutankhamen. The collection consists mostly of relatively recent film transparencies showing industry, scenic views, people, and some political events in Bolivia, Chile, Egypt, Lebanon, Mexico, Peru, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, and Venezuela. Wright donated his motion picture film and related materials to the University of California at Los Angeles.
DATES: ca. 1925-1965
QUANTITY: ca. 1500 items
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 76-35
The prints were furnished by the center that is in Cantonment, Oklahoma.
QUANTITY: 12 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 78-44
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