Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives (#S4)
The Society for Historical Archaeology (SHA) was established in 1967 at the International Conference on Historical Archaeology that met in Dallas, Texas. The SHA was incorporated in 1968 under the laws of Pennsylvania. By its constitution, the SHA serves as "an educational organization to promote scholarly research in and dissemination of knowledge concerning historical archaeology." Its focus is "the era since the beginning of exploration of the non-European parts of the world by Europeans, with the prime concern in the western hemisphere."
The constitution provided for membership open to all directly or indirectly interested in historical archeology. Control of SHA affairs was vested in a board of directors made up of the president, president-elect, secretary-treasurer, and elected directors. The constitution has been amended in 1975, 1976, 1984, and 1985. Among the arrangements affected has been the expansion of officers' roster (and, hence, board of directors) to include the immediate past president, editor, newsletter editor, and the chairman of the Advisory Council on Underwater Archaeology.
Chief SHA concerns are its annual meetings and publications. The latter are the scholarly Historical Archaeology and the Society for Historical Archaeology Newsletter, which reports developments within the SHA and keeps members informed of news of the field. In addition, since the early 1970s, the SHA has been increasingly interested in the qualifications and ethical behavior of historical archeologists. It has also become concerned with government activities to protect historical sites and to promote scientific work at them. During the mid 1970s, the SHA joined other archeological organizations to support the establishment of a professional register and has sent representatives to the certification committee of the Society of Professional Archeologists.
In 1984, the SHA constitution was amended to include a statement on ethics. Through its Public Information and Action Committee, the SHA has actively supported legislation to benefit professional archeologists. Since 1978, it has sent a representative to the Coordinating Council of National Archeological Societies.
The SHA has developed a special relationship with the Conference on Underwater Archaeology. The two have come to hold meetings together regularly. The Advisory Council on Underwater Archaeology, which exists to keep the conferences going, became a SHA committee in 1975. After that, the SHA constitution was changed so that the chairman of the council joined the SHA board. The council uses the SHA Newsletter and urges conference members to join the SHA. Historical Archaeology includes articles on underwater archeology.
In 1977, the SHA began to use the office of the executive director of the American Anthropological Association for certain business purposes. This relationship was discontinued during the mid 1980s.
The material consists mainly of officers' and board of directors' records and copies of the SHA publications. Correspondents include Richard E. Ahlborn, David A. Armour, J.D. Campbell, John L. Cotter, Vincent P. Foley, Lee H. Hanson, Karlis Karklins, J. Glenn Little, Arnold R. Pilling, Michael Rodeffer, Bert Salwen, Roderick Sprague, Jervis D. Swannack, and very many others.
QUANTITY: ca. 7.3 linear meters (ca. 24 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: (1) Organizational correspondence, 1966-1967; (2) presidents' correspondence, 1967-1976; (3) president-elects' correspondence, 1971, 1974-1975; (4) board of directors' correspondence, 1968-1974; (5) committee records, 1968-1977; (6) records relating to annual meetings, 1968-1977; (7) editors' correspondence, 1967-1974; (8) records relating to historical archeology, 1968-1975; (9) copies of the Newsletter, 1968-1977; (10) secretary-treasurer's correspondence, 1969-1977; (11) membership correspondence, 1967-1977; (12) returned mail, 1971-1977; (13) invoices, 1967-1975; (14) miscellany, n.d.; (15) sound recording tapes and photographs, n.d.; (16) secretary-treasurer's records, 1967-1978; (17) David A. Armour's files (editor, Historical Archaeology), 1972-1973; (18) Newsletters, 1968-1990; (19) material regarding book reviews for Historical Archeology; (20) secretary-treasurer's records, 1968-1987; (21) E.B. Jelk's material concerning the organization of the SHA
FINDING AID: Incomplete draft register
The Society for Medical Anthropology (SMA) grew from the Group for Medical Anthropology organized in 1968. It is an organization open to anthropological, medical and health care professionals, and other interested persons. Its purpose is "(a) to promote the study of the anthropological aspects of health, illness, health care and related topics; (b) to encourage communication and utilization of results obtained from such studies; and (c) to aid in the education of persons who are or will be involved in carrying out the above activities."
The SMA is governed by an executive council that includes the officers and several members. The officers include a president, president-elect, secretary-treasurer, and editor, the latter being selected by the council and sitting with it as a non-voting member (formerly the immediate past president was also on the council).
The society's main functions have been meetings and publications. It issued the Medical Anthropology Newsletter until 1968 when the name was changed to the Medical Anthropology Quarterly. The society awards the Ellen Basker Award for contributions in the area of gender, health, and illness; the W.H.R. Rivers Prize for a student essay; and the Steven Polgar Prize for a paper from a person not yet in graduate study.
During the 1970s, the American Anthropological Association managed SMA business. In 1984, SMA voted to become an organization within the American Anthropological Association. In 1986, SMA and several groups with special interests in medical anthropology became formally associated, the groups assuming the status of affiliates. Involved were the Council on Nursing and Anthropology, Council on Reproductive Anthropology, Council on Nutritional Anthropology, Association for Anthropology and Gerontology, Critical Anthropology of Health Interest Group, Infectious Disease Study Group, Alcohol and Drug Study Group, Disability Research Interest Group, and Anthropology and AIDS Research Group.
The records include correspondence, minutes, agenda, reports, bylaws, a procedures manual, programs, financial papers, and editorial materials. Most pertain to the SMA but there are also considerable materials relating to the affiliated Council for Nursing and Anthropology. The papers also include unpublished papers and other materials of Ellen Basker and correspondence of Hazel W. Weidman.
Correspondents include Rita L. Arlinger, Clifford Barnett, Pamela J. Brink, Paul Brown, Lucy Cohen, Jeannine Coreil, Charles C. Hughes, Charles Leslie, Frances Cooke MacGregor, Marc S. Micozzi, Benjamin D. Paul, Gretel H. Pelto, Janet M. Schrieber, Hazel W. Weidman, and Helen Jean Wiese.
QUANTITY: ca. 4.5 linear meters (ca. 14 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: Records of the general society, including (1) general records, 1971-1985; (2) secretary-treasurer's records, 1986-1988; (3) Sara A. Quandt's records as secretary-treasurer and member of the executive committee, 1988-1991; (4) David Landy materials as president and executive committee member, 1979-1984 and 1991-1993; (5) SMA procedural manual, 1989-1990; (6) M.A.N. editors' files, 1963-1986; (7) Eileen Basker Memorial Prize Committee, 1988-1990; (8) material of Hazel H. Wiedman, 1969-1989; records of affiliated interest groups, including (9) Working Group on International Health and Infectious Disease, 1981-1989; (10) Council on Nursing and Anthropology, 1970-1990; papers of individuals, including (11) Eileen Basker papers
FINDING AID: Folder list
RESTRICTION: Editorial material is subject to a long-term restriction.
In 1966, the Wenner Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research sponsored a conference of anthropologists interested in motion picture film and filmmakers. Out of this grew a subcommittee of the American Anthropological Association known as the Program in Ethnographic Film (PIEF). Its purpose was to coordinate and promote the work of those involved in visual anthropology through teaching, production, and training.
As time passed, it became apparent that followers of visual anthropology had much broader interests. While film remained a highly important concern, PIEF tried to bring together researchers who were studying human behavior through all visual means, including film, still photography, drawing and paintings, sculpture, and body decoration. As a result, in 1973 the society adopted the name Society for the Anthropology of Visual Communication (SAVICOM). In 1984, with the reorganization of the American Anthropological Association to accommodate the many subfields of anthropology, SAVICOM was merged into the AAA under the name Society for Visual Anthropology (SVA).
SVA has conducted annual meetings coincidental with the AAA, and it has regularly produced a review of anthropological film for AAA members. It has also sponsored conferences and symposia. Publications have included the PIEF Newsletter begun in 1970 and continued until the fall of 1973. In 1974, the newsletter was replaced by the Newsletter of the Society for the Anthropology of Visual Communication, and in 1980 the title was shortened to SAVICOM Newsletter. It became the SVA Newsletter in 1985; and, in 1990, it became the Visual Anthropology Review: The Journal of the Society for Visual Anthropology. The organization has issued special publications such as bibliographies and technical and philosophical works on film.
QUANTITY: ca. .31 linear meter (ca. 1 linear foot)
ARRANGEMENT: Material concerning organization and early history, 1967-1973; (2) SVA publications, 1970-1995
Included are Solecki's portraits of Robert Stigler, ca. 1960, and Ruth L. Bunzel, ca. 1980. There is also an undated portrait of William Duncan Strong.
DATES: Probably 1950s-1980s
QUANTITY: 3 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 92-35
From May 8 to September 10, 1949, the Bureau of American Ethnology detailed Ralph S. Solecki to accompany a United States Geological Survey party to the upper Kokpowruk and Kokolik rivers. Resulting color slides show camps, party members, and views. They also include a few images of Eskimos and Eskimo shelters, a deadfall, animal trap, and cache. In addition, there are views of Point Barrow and Umiak. There are also negatives, but they are uncaptioned. Most appear similar to the slides.
QUANTITY: ca. 642 items
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 77
SOUTHALL, AIDAN WILLIAM (1920- ), AND MARSHALL BARRON CLINARD, Material Relating to Nutrition and Crime in Kampala, Uganda
Aidan Southall was educated at Cambridge University (B.A., 1942; M.A., 1957) and the University of London (Ph.D., 1957). He was a long-time faculty member at Makerere University in Kampala and chairman of the East African Institute of Social Research. Later he taught at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. He is an African specialist and has a broad interest in the people of Uganda that includes social and economic change.
Marshall Clinard was educated at Stanford University (B.A., 1932; M.A., 1934) and the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1941). He taught at several universities including Iowa, Vanderbilt, and Wisconsin at Madison. His field was sociology with a special interest in crime.
Professor Southall describes the material as "the data base of surveys, carried out by myself in the 1950s and by Professor Clinard in the 1970s, in the city of Kampala, Uganda. My survey concentrated on a dense low income area and was one of the earliest and one of the very few such studies carried out in Africa. Besides the low income area there were smaller samples, of urban chiefs, Asian and European households, and domestic servants.
"Professor Clinard used my data base as the foundation for a study of urban crime, which was later published in his book Crime in Developing Countries [: A Comparative Prospective, New York, 1973]."
QUANTITY: ca. 5 linear meters (ca. 16.5 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: The following are tentative series titles: Southall material, including (1) Kampala survey; (2) sample survey; (3) miscellaneous files (includes survey forms and other material on Jinja, Uganda, and Tanga, in Tanganyika; Clinard material, including (4) survey forms for general population; (5) survey of arrested persons; (6) coded lists of arrests (counting sheets); (7) coded sheets for entry on punch cards; (8) tapes
FINDING AID: None
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