Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives (#N1)
Philleo Nash attended the University of Wisconsin (B.A., 1932) and University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1937). He taught at the University of Toronto, 1937-1941, and American University, 1971-1976. Between 1942 and 1966, he held several positions with the federal government, including special advisor on race relations to President Harry S Truman and Commissioner of Indian Affairs under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He was Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin between 1959 and 1961. During the 1960s and 1970s, he was a private consultant in applied anthropology. At the end of his life, Nash managed a family cranberry business in his native Wisconsin.
The papers relate almost entirely to Nash's career as a professional anthropologist, and most are dated before 1942 and after 1966. Included are reading notes, field notes, class notes, class papers, handouts from meetings, teaching materials, photographs, and a few letters (mostly from Fred Eggan, Morris E. Opler, and Robert Redfield and also from W.W. Hill, Charlotte Gower, and Walter Dyk). Most notable are materials concerning Nash's Klamath work during the 1930s, including material on the ghost dance. In addition, there are copies of notes by Cora DuBois and notes based on Klamath Agency records. Also included are materials on the Modoc, reading notes concerning the Papua, and folders on Jews in Toronto and the Oraons of India. Since Nash was generally interested in nativistic religions, there are appreciable materials relating to many cultures.
There are also miscellaneous materials reflecting Nash's broad anthropological training and interests that concern the Apache, Arikara, Cocopa, Crow, Dakota, Eskimo, Maya, Navaho, Oneida, Pima-Maricopa, Puyallup, Quileute, Samoa, Shawnee, Walla Walla, Yuma, and Zuni. Nash was treasurer and a board member of the American Anthropological Association in 1968-1969, and there are materials concerning those positions.
There are photographs of Colville, Crow, East Bay Area United Indian Council (Oakland, California), Havasupai, Hopi, Laguna, Navaho, Red Lake Chippewa, Spokan, Walapai, and Yakima. There are also photographs of the 1938 or 1939 summer archeology work by the University of Toronto at Aylmer, Ontario. Other photographs include portraits of Nash or concern Nash's nonanthropological activities and include John F. Kennedy, Hubert Humphrey, and other political leaders.
A very small amount of material relates to Nash's government work. Such material is mostly in the Harry S Truman Library in Independence, Missouri.
QUANTITY: 2.6 linear meters (8.5 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: Arrangement not defined
FINDING AID: Folder list
Included are correspondence and administrative records of a unit that began as the archives of the Bureau of American Ethnology and, in 1965, became the archives of the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. The archives is now under the administration of the Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History. The archives acquired it current name in 1968.
Generally, the material concerns special projects, including the Native American Cultural Resources Training Program, accessions, routine reference activities, and other work. Some of NAA's records are maintained for administrative convenience and will eventually be disposed of.
For a longer historical sketch the archives, see the introduction to this guide.
DATES: ca. 1940s-early 1970s
QUANTITY: ca. 20.8 linear meters (68.5 linear feet)
FINDING AID: None
The materials are prints, negatives, and color slides. Included are participants in the archives' Native American Cultural Resources Training Program of the 1970s: Gloria Anderson, Chippewa; Jack Bowen, Jr., Upper Skagit; Betty J. Brown, Choctaw; Vernon Calavaza, Zuni; Gloria Maude Blackbird Cheswalla, Osage; Dixie Lee Davis, Yavapai; Rose Marie Pierite Gallardo, Tunica-Biloxi; Rhonda Hulse, Chickasaw; James Jefferson, Southern Ute; Patrick Chief Stick, Chippewa-Cree; Nora Dauenhauer, Tlingit; Steven DeColeau, Clallam; David Fanman, Southern Cheyenne; Meredith P. Flinn, Makah; Ethelyn Garfield, Paiute; David Lee Harding, Chippewa; Patty Leah Harjo, Seneca-Cayuga; Clare Lamont, Oglala Dakota; Frank LaPena, Wintu; Danny K. Marshall, Steilacoom; Gordon McLester, Oneida; Juanita McQuistion, Wyandot; Lynn D. Pauahty, Kiowa; Emily Peake, Chippewa; Rose Marie Roybal, Puyallup; Mary Seth, Nez Perce; Winona Silva, Narragansett; Augustine Smith, San Ildefonso; Rubie Sootkis, Northern Cheyenne; Elton Stumbling Bear, Kiowa Apache; George Sutton, Southern Arapaho; Grace Thorpe, Sauk and Fox; Bill Tohee, Oto-Missouria; Lynne Walks-on-Top, Spokan; George Wasson, Coos-Coquille; Carson Waterman, Seneca; Robert Van Gunten, Chippewa; Anna Walters, Pawnee; Harry Walters, Navaho; Christine Webster, Menominee; Harry Williams, Jr., Pima; Sarah Yazzie, Navaho; and Viola Zospah, White Mountain Apache.
There are also photographs made by or for National Anthropological Archives Director Herman J. Viola, including those of a Cheyenne and Arapaho Star Hawk Pow Wow, Watonga, Oklahoma, 1974; views of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, October 1973; photographs of Wolf Robe Hunt; the removal of the Acee Blue Eagle collection from the home of Mae Abbott; and various seminars, and meetings. Also present are photographs of special events and staff of the National Anthropological Archives. Among the persons depicted are Viola, officials of the Smithsonian, Mae Abbott, Mrs. Myron B. Smith, Solomon McCombs (Creek), Alan Slickpoo (Nez Perce), Mr. and Mrs. Juan Chavarreo (Santa Clara), and Edward Box and Everett Burch (Ute).
DATES: ca. 1973-1979
QUANTITY: ca. 1000 items
ARRANGEMENT: By event, program
FINDING AID: Shelf list, description of slides
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 74-17
The print is a group portrait of the founding meeting in Denver, Colorado. The National Congress of American Indians records are described below. The photograph was the gift of Mae Abbott.
QUANTITY: l print
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 75-33
The photographs were part of an exchange between the National Museum of Canada and the United States National Museum Division of Physical Anthropology. Tribes represented are Blackfeet, Cree, Chukchi, Eskimo, and Sarcee. Many subjects are portraits. Others show a camp, boats, and igloo interiors. Diamond Jenness made one 1926 series on Little Diomede Island. R.M. Anderson, of the Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913-1916, made another series. Other photographers include David F. Barry, J.B. Tyrell, F.W. Waugh, and J.D. Soper. Yet other photographers are unidentified.
DATES: ca. 1893-1926
QUANTITY: 61 prints
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81N.
The prints are from photographs made at an observance to mark the donation of a Jivaro collection by Mr. and Mrs. Donald C. Beatty. The event took place in director's office of the National Museum of Natural History.
QUANTITY: 6 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 80-16
Colored slides relating to Photo Lot 80-16
QUANTITY: 29 slides
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 80-51
The collection consists of modern prints by a commercial organization of Chico, California, that planned to issue a large series of Arizona photographs made during the 1880s. The images show Apache and Yuma subjects. They were possibly made by Richard W. Hammer, a surveyor.
DATES: 1880s (original negatives); 1979 (prints)
QUANTITY: 10 prints
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 79-8
Included are cartes-de-visite and a single stereograph showing views, animal specimens, and portraits. Among them are portraits of Thomas Ewbank, E.G. Squier, and Yose Sabino Uc. There is also an interior view of the Blackmore Museum in Salisbury, England.
DATES: Most probably 1860s-1870s
QUANTITY: 13 items
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 76-114
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