Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives (#M3)
The lot consists of 9.5-millimeter motion picture film with a center sprocket. Robert Treat, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, made them. The sites are not identified. The film is now in the Human Studies Film Archives.
DATE: No date
QUANTITY: 5 reels
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-33
The photographs are by John O'Leary.
QUANTITY: 18 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81-72
Elizabeth H. Metcalf, of Worchester, Massachusetts, was trained in music. In 1905, while she was at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, she became so interest in a Bagobo bell performance that, almost immediately, she set out for the Philippines with her sister to learn more about the music. While there, she made an extensive collection of native artifacts, especially of Bagobo household utensils. The material was deposited in the University of Pennsylvania University Museum and the United States National Museum.
The Metcalf sisters' first trip to the Philippines was brief. Around 1917, however, they returned and opened a crafts shop in Manila. They returned to the United States before World War II.
This lot of photographs seems to relate to both periods and to earlier and later times. Most prints and negatives were collected or made by the Metcalf sisters. The Gerhard Sisters, of St. Louis, made some at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 1904. Some are from the Lewis and Clark Exposition in Portland, Oregon. Others were apparently collected in the Philippines. Subjects include Igorots, Benguets, Bagobos, Negritos, Moros, and other tribesmen. The collection also includes letters, financial documents, notes about artifacts, and many clippings. There is additional material relating to the Metcalf sisters in the manuscript and pamphlet file of the records of the Department of Anthropology. The Metcalf sisters collected additional photographs that are in the Department of Anthropology, Division of Ethnology Collection ("USNM Collection").
DATES: ca. 1890-1944
QUANTITY: 1858 photographic items plus 1.5 meters (ca. 5 linear feet) of textual documents
ARRANGEMENT: By type of document or subject
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 107
The item is a print that shows two Smithsonian archeologists at the Jones-Miller site in Colorado.
QUANTITY: 2 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81-46
These are prints from ethnological and archeological views collected by R.T. Hill, Cyrus Thomas, Edward W. Nelson, and others. Tribes represented are Aztec, Chinantec, Chocho, Chol, Chontal, Cuicatec, Huastec, Huave, Maya, Mazatec, Mixe, Mixtec, Otomi, Tarascan, Tepehua, Tlaxcalan, and Totonac. Several archeological sites are also shown.
DATES: ca. 1890s
QUANTITY: ca. 150 prints
ARRANGEMENT: By type of view and by tribe
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 123
The negatives show street scenes, scenic views, structures, parks, and so forth. A few items are of ethnological interest. Most are in poor condition.
QUANTITY: 187 negatives
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 94
Meyer is a biochemist and an skilled amateur photographer. The photograph was made the year LaDonna Harris received the Outstanding American Indian Citizen Award.
QUANTITY: 1 print, 40.3x50.8 centimeters (16x20 inches)
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 95-37
Michael described these images as "celebration photos," taken in Ladakh on the 800th anniversary of founding the Drigung monastery. The photographs were taken at Leh, Rumtk, Gangtok, Mussorie, and Rajpor and show various monasteries, other structures, and religious dignitaries. There are also views of dances, street scenes, a picnic, and various religious events. Some images appeared as illustrations in Michael's Rule by Incarnation, Boulder, Colorado, 1982. They are duplicated as black-and-white negatives.
DATE: June-August 1979
QUANTITY: 441 color slides and 35 negatives
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 91-29
From 1910 to 1938, Truman Michelson was an ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. His specialty was Algonquian linguistics and culture. Virtually all of the photographs were made in the field by him. A few items are by D.L. Duvall, De Lancey W. Gill, and others. Most are of Fox subjects, but there are also items identified, some tentatively, as Arapaho, Blackfoot (Piegan), Chippewa, Menominee, Mexican Kickapoo, Micmac, Potawatomi, and Shoshoni. Subjects include portraits, scenic views, Fox pow-wow, man making string figures, la crosse game, Fox basswood bag, gravel pit-burial ground near Strafford, Iowa, and St. Michael's Mission, Ethete, Wyoming.
QUANTITY: 270 prints and 244 negatives
FINDING AID: Draft list
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 13
The collection includes copies of selected manuscripts and correspondence in the National Anthropological Archives, commercially produced microfilm, and miscellaneous materials from holdings of other repositories.
QUANTITY: 1063 reels
ARRANGEMENT: (1) Selected microfilm publications of the National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C., relating to Indian affairs; (2) the University of Chicago Middle American Cultural Anthropology: Series I, item 1 through Series VI, item 36, with list of items; (3) field notebook on Tres Zapotes, Veracruz, by Matthew W. Stirling; (4) Lucas Fernández, "Historica General de las Conquistas del Nuevo Regno de Granada"; (5) Padre Manuel Rodriques, "El Marañon y Amazona: Historica de los Descubrimientos, Entradas, y Reduccion de Naciones"; (6) the Wenner-Gren Expedition to Hispano-America, 1940, "Report on the Exploration of the Region of the Rio Grande"; (7) miscellaneous writings on the Indians of Texas; (8) "Random Records of a Lifetime", a compilation of his own papers by William Henry Holmes; (9) letters to William Henry Holmes copied from papers in the National Museum of American Art; (10) Franz Boas, "Beiträge zur Erkenntniss der Farbe des Wassers" (Ph.D. dissertation); (11) miscellaneous other microfilm; (12) Professional Correspondence of Franz Boas, Scholarly Resources, 1972, with alphabetical index of correspondents and dates of their letters (microfilm is in chronological order); (13) Indian Rights Association Papers, Microfilming Corporation of America, 1975, with guide by Jack T. Ericson; (14) The Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus Indian Language Collection: The Pacific Northwest Tribes, with guide by Eleanor Carriker et al., Gonzaga University, 1976; (15) The Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus Indian Language Collection: The Alaska Native Languages, Gonzaga University, 1976, with guide by Robert C. Carriker et al.; (16) Papers of Washington Matthews, University of New Mexico Press, 1985, with guide by Katherine Spencer et al.; (17) The Papers of Carlos Montezuma, M.D., Including the Papers of Maria Keller Montezuma Moore and the papers of Joseph W. Latimer, Scholarly Resources, 1984; (18) Army Medical Museum, Anatomical Section, Records Relating to Specimens Transferred to the Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives, 1990, with guide by James R. Glenn; (19) Gerrianne Schaad, The Photograph Collection of John Peabody Harrington in the National Anthropological Archives, the Archives, 1995.
FINDING AID: List; some microfilm have finding aids as noted.
RESTRICTION: Some microfilm is under copyright.
The prints are from photographs by Duane King, formerly the director of the Cherokee National Museum in North Carolina.
QUANTITY: 13 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81-45
In the 1880s, the Bureau of American Ethnology engaged Victor Mindeleff to study Pueblo architecture. His brother Cosmos became his assistant and was later involved in independent work. Photography was a significant part of their efforts. Generally it is not clear which brother took a particular photograph.
The Mindeleffs worked at Zuni, Acoma, and Hopi villages; with the Navaho; at ruins at Kin Tiel, Canyon de Chelly, and Chaco Canyon; and at Etowah Mound in Georgia. Victor left the Bureau of American Ethnology and became an architect. Among other projects, he was known for the first buildings at Glen Echo Park, Maryland. Having become a modeler of sites he had studied, Cosmos continued with the Smithsonian. He also had charge of Bureau of American Ethnology exhibits at the Cincinnati Industrial Exposition, the Southern Exposition at Louisville, and the World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition at New Orleans. His later field work included a special project to preserve Casa Grande in Arizona. In 1894-1895, toward the end of his Smithsonian service, he surveyed ruins in the Pueblo area to prepare a catalog and maps.
The prints of this lot include four views of houses and ovens at Pescado, New Mexico, and a view of a Hopi house at Moenkopi, Arizona.
Many other views by the Mindeleffs are among the BAE-USNM Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects and the Subject and Geographic File. Other images by them are distributed widely throughout the collections.
QUANTITY: 4 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 83-14
Emil Minh is a Laotian photographer and film maker. The enlarged prints formed an exhibit entitled "Laos: The Land and the People." First shown in Vietane, it became an exhibit of the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibits in 1967-1969 and appeared in several American cities.
QUANTITY: 35 prints
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 103
Miser was a geologist with the United States Geological Survey. The lot consists of pages taken from an album of photographs he collected. The images include pictographs in Utah, Elarco Natural Bridge in Glen Canyon, Arizona, an Arkansas diamond mine, and a portrait of Ben K. Emerson. Miser acquired the photographs from Kirk Bryan, Heber Christensen, and Wilbur A. Nelson.
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 74-44
The collection includes hand-colored glass lantern slides. It was donated by Doris Collester, of East Riverdale, Maryland. The handwriting on the slides, however, is that of Montezuma, and it seems likely that the collection was assembled for his lectures. How it moved from the hands of Montezuma to Collester is unknown.
Many photographs are portraits, some made at Fort McDowell and Fort Apache. Others show schools, buildings on reservations, Indian dwellings, Montezuma's Castle, other ruins, and scenic views. Included are views taken at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Rice Indian School, and Phoenix Indian School. A special series includes portraits of Montezuma and illustrations of events of his life. Another relates to Charles Dickens, a progressive Apache merchant.
Some images are by Charles (Carlos) Gentile, the photographer and Montezuma's benefactor. There is one image by Napolean Sarony and several by Father Peter Paulus Prando. Otherwise, the photographers are unidentified.
DATE: ca. 1871-1905 (original photography)
QUANTITY: 170 slides
ARRANGEMENT: (1) Apache; (2) Carlos Montezuma; (3) Charles Dickens; (4) Maricopa; (5) Mohave; (6) Navaho; (7) Papago; (8) Yavapai; (9) Southwest Indians; (10) Cheyenne; (11) Crow; (12) Dakota; (13) Paiute; (14) Shoshoni; (15) Ute; (16) Plains Indians; (17) portraits; (18) schools; (19) Arizona archeology and scenery; (20) expeditions; and (21) miscellany
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73
Mooney's formal education was limited to the public schools of Richmond, Indiana. In his knowledge of American Indians, he was self-taught, an endeavor begun early in life. He read widely and began a compilation of tribal names. After working as a teacher and newspaperman, he sought employment by John Wesley Powell, Director of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE), who engaged him in 1885. At the BAE, he developed such a breadth and depth of knowledge that he was recognized as an outstanding authority on American Indians.
Mooney was among early field workers who advocated meticulous study and sought long association with his subjects. His work with the Cherokee began in 1887 and continued for the rest of his life. His other chief concern was the Kiowa tribe. He also spent considerable amounts of time studying and collecting among the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Apache, Dakota, Kiowa-Apache, Wichita, and Comanche and lesser amounts with the Hopi, Paiute, Shoshoni, Caddo, and small groups in northern Mexico and in the Southeast. His publications and field work also reveal interest in southern mountain people, the Irish, Florida aborigines, and missionary efforts among the Indians.
Mooney's investigations led him to several cross-cultural studies, including most notably an investigation of the Ghost Dance Religion and the use of peyote. His study of the American population at contact, published posthumously, was authoritative for several decades. He also wrote many articles for Frederick W. Hodge's Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (BAE Bulletin 30, 1907 and 1910) and prepared several exhibits for international expositions.
This collection is a 1991 donation from Mooney's grandson. Although it includes a few items concerning the American Indians (especially Kiowa, Pamunkey, Nansemond, and other Virginia Indians), it is especially notable because it includes biographical material and material concerning Mooney's nonIndian interests, particularly his interest in the Irish. Incorporated in the papers are materials relating to Mooney's death and to biographies of Mooney. Most of Mooney's extant American Indian material is part of the Numbered Manuscripts.
The series of letters includes letters from Mooney's grandmother in Ireland to Mooney's father. Most other correspondence are incoming letters. Correspondents include Jeremiah Curtin, Natalie Curtis, Hamlin Garland, M.C. Knowles, Sister Mary Agnes Mooney, Thomas J. Shahan, Vilhjalmar Stefansson, H.C. ten Kate, C.C. Uhlenbeck, and Henry Voth.
See the following entry for a photographic lot of negatives by Mooney.
QUANTITY: ca. .4 linear meter (ca. 1.25 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: (1) Letters, 1859-1919; (2) articles and talks; (3) poetry; (4) material concerning the Gaelic Society, 1910; (5) biographical documents; (6) printed material concerning Mooney; (7) miscellany; (8) file of material about Mooney and the use of the Mooney papers, 1921-1980; (9) photographs; (10) notebooks; (11) books
FINDING AID: Box list
James Mooney was an ethnographer with the Bureau of American Ethnology from 1885 to 1921. He was among the first members of the BAE staff to take advantage of the late nineteenth-century easy-to-operate cameras and apparently took most of his own field photographs. Mooney is a well-known author of works on the Cherokee and other Southeast tribes, the ghost-dance religion, the Kiowa, and other Plains tribes. He also researched in the Southwest among the Pueblos and the northern plains tribes. The photographs (almost all negatives with copy prints) largely relate to prints in other collections (see especially BAE-USNM Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects). They include Arapaho, Caddo, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, Navaho, Powhatan, and Wichita subjects. Subjects include camp and village scenes and ceremonies (Cherokee ball game, Arapaho Ghost Dance, Arapaho Crow Dance, Arapaho Sun Dance, and Cheyenne Sun Dance).
DATES: Probably 1880s-1920s
QUANTITY: ca. 1400 items
ARRANGEMENT: By tribe (much unarranged)
FINDING AID: Catalog by Thomas W. Kavanagh; also in SIRIS.
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 74
The pottery is from Florida, Georgia, and Louisiana.
DATE: No date
QUANTITY: 7 negatives
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81P
The copy print is from an original photograph belonging to Susan Westgate Glenn, Morley's grandniece. It shows the two archeologists in a doorway at Chichén Ítza. It was taken when Morley was at the site for the Carnegie Institution of Washington.
DATE: Probably mid-1920s
QUANTITY: 1 print
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 84-4
Geologist Frederick K. Morris taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and was a research associate with the American Museum of Natural History. At the time the photographs were taken, Morris was a visiting professor at Pei Yang University at Tientsin (1920-1921) and geologist on the American Museum of Natural History's Third Asiatic Expedition, a collecting expedition to Northern China and Mongolia led by Roy Chapman Andrews.
The albums contain a few newspaper clippings, postcards, sketches, and souvenirs; most items are snapshot photographs. Although some photographs reflect Morris's geological interest, most are of interest because of their human subjects. Included are scenic views, city views (Shanghai, Yokohama [after an earthquake], Tientsin, Peking, Kalgan, Kyoto, Nara, Nikko, Seoul, Kaijo, and various villages), housing, costumes, transportation (rickshaws, boats, burden animals), fishing, peddlers, tradesmen and craftsmen, beggars, students, the Great Wall, views of Pei Yang University and its students, the tomb of Confucius, buildings (especially palaces and temples), festivals, weddings, funerals, food preparation, and agricultural activities. There are also photographs of the Morris family, their friends, and personnel of the Third Asiatic Expedition.
QUANTITY: 3 albums
ARRANGEMENT: Titles of albums--(1) China, 1920-1923; (2) Mongolia, 1922-1923; (3) Japan and Korea, 1923 and 1925
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 85-3
John V. Murra is a specialist in Latin American and African ethnology and ethnohistory with a strong focus on Andean cultures and the Caribbean. Trained at the University of Chicago in the 1940s and 1950s, his teaching career has included posts at the University of Chicago, Vassar College, University of Puerto Rico, Brooklyn College, Yale University, and Cornell University. He also served as an African area specialist for the United Nations Trustee Council.
The material largely concerns Murra's teaching career, publications, the development of anthropology, miscellaneous professional activities, and personal relations with colleagues. Very little directly concerns his field work. Included are correspondence, reading notes, notes taken and papers written as a student, and a variety of other materials.
Correspondents include Robert G. Armstrong, Robert Ascher, Stephen T. Boggs, Elizabeth Bott, Charles S. Brant, Jennifer Brown, Isabel S. Caro, Anne Chapman, Helen Codere, Jean L. Comhaire, Clifford C. Dancer, Stanley Diamond, Martin Diskin, Richard M. Douglas, St. Clair Drake, Susana Drucker, Guy Dubreiul, Sanford Griffith, J.S. Harris, Dwight B. Heath, Charles Leslie, Robert A. Manners, Carey McWilliams, Betty Jane Meggers, Sidney W. Mintz, Barbara S. Grant Nnoke, Denise A. O'Brien, Elena Padilla, Gerardo and Alicia de Reichel-Dolmatoff, Conrad and Priscilla Reining, Irving Rouse, Eduardo Seda Bonilla, Elman R. Service, Arthur Steinbert, Julian H. Steward, William C. Sturtevant, Arthur L. Swift, Jr., Eric R. Wolf, Luis Yanez Perez, and Alvin D. Zalinger.
DATES: ca. 1940-1981
QUANTITY: ca. 1.5 linear meters (ca. 5 linear feet)
FINDING AID: None
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