Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives (#K)
Isabel Kelly was an anthropologist, a student of Mexican cultures, and a long-time resident of Mexico. She was a field anthropologist with the Smithsonian's Institute for Social Anthropology. The images are enlarged prints, mounted and signed, made for an exhibit. They show Tajin and Totonacs dancing and in other activities.
DATE: No date
QUANTITY: ca. 75 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 80-32
The print shows Schultz, a Johns Hopkins University anthropologist, examining the dead circus gorilla Gargantua. The picture appeared in Life, December 5, 1949. Schultz signed the print.
QUANTITY: 1 print
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 86-36
W. Keith Kelley was a teacher at the Crow Agency, Montana, around 1928-1937. The photographs were made at Fort Custer on the fiftieth anniversary of the fort.
DATE: ca. 1927
QUANTITY: 2 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 78-41
Kirby was the superintendent of schools in Zamboanga, the Philippine Islands. The lantern slides are from a larger collection used to lecture on the Philippine economy. Kirby may have brought it together in the late 1910s or 1920s. Subjects include Bagobo, Ifugao, Igorot, Kalinga, Moro, and Negrito.
DATES: ca. 1936
QUANTITY: 97 slides
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 132
The copy prints were made from glass negatives purchased by the donor and loaned to the archives to make copy prints. The subjects include the Hunkpapa Dakota Sitting Bull and views of canoe- and basket-making in British Columbia. The photographer of the British Columbia images may be Alexander Henderson.
DATE: No date
QUANTITY: 4 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 78-40
Eugene I. Knez was trained at the University of New Mexico (B. A., 1941) and Syracuse University (Ph.D., 1959). In the United States Army during 1945-1946, he was military chief of the Bureau of Culture in the Korean Department of Education. In that position, he was responsible for an attempt to establish a national theater, successful reestablishment of the National Museum of Korea with Korean personnel instead of Japanese, founding of the National Museum of Anthropology (now the Museum of Korean Folklore), and preservation of Korean historical monuments. Later, he served in various American cultural and information positions in Korea and Japan.
On returning to the United States, Knez held several positions as a teacher and museum curator in the United States, including a position at the Peabody Museum at Yale University. In 1959, he joined the staff of the Smithsonian's Department of Anthropology as its first Asian ethnologist. He continued in that position until he retired in 1978. During his tenure, the exhibits in the National Museum of Natural History were undergoing modernization, and Knez's chief contribution lay in that work and in many artifacts he gained for the Asian collections.
Early in his career, Knez assisted the National Museum of Korea in excavations at Kyongju and on Cheju Island. Later, he focused on modern Korean village life and its material culture. That interest continued into his Smithsonian career. As a Smithsonian curator emeritus, Knez lives in Honolulu and has been involved in studies of Tibetans who settled in India following the Chinese occupation of their country.
The Knez papers are only partially processed. They seem, however, to include material concerning many aspects of his career up to the time he retired from the Smithsonian. Of particular strength is the documentation of Asian exhibits, both temporary and permanent ones installed during his time at the Institution. There is also considerable material concerning specimens and collections acquired for the museum by Knez and documents about specimens acquired earlier. Also included are materials concerning Knez's work as a field researcher, bibliographer, and editor. Film deposited in the Human Studies Film Archives represents Knez's study of Tibetan Buddhism in India.
QUANTITY: ca. 18.5 linear meters (ca. 57.6 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: The following titles are tentative: (1) Material concerning acquisitions; (2) subject file; (3) geographical file; (4) material relating to Indian Border states; (5) material relating to a proposed source book on Korean anthropology; (6) anthropological organizations; (7) Tibetan collection; (8) exhibits; (9) specimen and photograph list; (10) research file; (11) Korean bibliography; (12) general bibliography; (13) specimen catalog cards; (14) Human Relations Area File cards on Korea; (15) Korean research notes and questionnaire; (16) East China Seas program; (17) sound recordings; (l8) printed material; (l9) old Far Eastern books; (20) photographs; (21) notes; (22) invitations; (23) "The War Years, with the U.S. Army and Embassy, 1941-1953: Personal Letters and Related Papers"; (24) unorganized material
FINDING AID: Partial draft register and description of photographic collections
RESTRICTION: The material concerning Korea and Pakistan is restricted.
In 1982, Korea was the featured country at the festival. The photographs show hatter Chong Choon Mo and weaver Kim Jum Soon demonstrating their arts. In 1969, Kim was designated a national living treasure.
Specimens of Chong's and Kim's art were presented to the Smithsonian and are now in the Department of Anthropology.
They include a horsehair hat (accession 356,613) and a loom and spinning wheel (accession 356,616).
QUANTITY: 39 prints
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 90-6
Kozak was trained as a mechanical engineer and artist in Czechoslovakia. In 1923, he immigrated to Brazil, where he found work as an engineer. Painting and sculpting, however, increasingly became his occupation, particularly during the 1940s and 1950s, and he found his subjects among the Indians of Brazil. He also became a still photographer, film maker, and a collector of Indian artifacts.
The collection includes a watercolor showing body painting, probably that of the Xingú. James A. Jensen, of the Earth Science Museum at Brigham Young University, acquired it and made slides of other paintings by Kozak and his artifactual collection. Much of the material is now in the Glenbow Institute of Calgary.
The lot includes material relating to the Boboro, Carajá, Heta (Xeta), Gaviao (Hawk), Kuben-Kran Ken (Kaiapo), Savante, Timbira, Urubú (Ka-apor), Waauri, Waura, and Xingú.
Also included is a poster of the Nez Perce Chief Joseph donated by Jensen but unrelated to Kozak's art.
QUANTITY: 98 items
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 79-1
Smithsonian photographer Victor Krantz photographed these ethnological subjects and scenic views while he was in military service in Okinawa.
QUANTITY: 364 prints
FINDING AID: List
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-18
Herbert William Krieger attended Warburg College (B.A., 1907) and the University of Iowa (M.A., 1908). He also studied economics and political science at the universities of Iowa and Wisconsin and anthropology at the University of Minnesota. He taught in the Iowa public schools and, during 1911-1913, in the Philippines. In 1924, he joined became the assistant curator of ethnology in the United States National Museum Department of Anthropology. In 1925, he became the curator of ethnology. Most of his field work, however, was archeological. In 1927 for the Bureau of American Ethnology, he reviewed the feasibility of restoring Old Kasaan on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, and reconnoitered portions of the the Columbia River. In the following year, he continued reconnaissance, first along the middle Yukon River and then, again, along the Columbia. In the former area, he also collected a few random notes on living Athapascan Indians and in both areas he carried out several excavations. In 1934, for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Public Works Administration, he carried out salvage archeological work near Bonneville, Oregon. As a pastime, during the 1930s, he reconnoitered the lower Potomac River.
Krieger's major work lay south among the problems of Caribbean archeology. From 1928 to 1937 and from 1947 to 1952, he concerned himself with sites visited by Columbus and plotted areas previously occupied by the Arawak, Carib, and other tribes. His studies involved historic and prehistoric Spanish and Indian settlements in Haiti, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, the Virgin Islands, and the Bahamas. His work yielded several articles and books, including Archeological and Historical Investigations in Samanaacute;, Dominican Republic, United States National Museum Bulletin 156, 1931, and Aboriginal Indian Pottery of the Dominican Republic, United States National Museum Bulletin 156, 1931. He was also a participant in several conferences concerned with the Caribbean archeology, ethnology, and history.
Besides his field work and administrative duties, Krieger worked with the Museum's ethnological collections and published several articles based on them. He was also involved in renovating the division's public areas so that "the antiquated and overcrowded exhibits should be replaced by modern exhibits in which art and science are blended." Krieger's assistant, John C. Ewers did much of work.
During World War II, Krieger produced studies of the Philippines and the islands of the western Pacific for the Smithsonian's War Background Studies series. He also worked on a volume "The Islands of New Japan," but remained unpublished.
The papers include correspondence, memoranda, administrative materials, press releases, notes, notebooks, manuscripts of writings, cartographic material, sketches, bibliographies, lists of specimens, printed material, processed materials, and photographs and other illustrations. Virtually all major phases of Krieger's curatorial career are documented in some way. Because he incorporated administrative and curatorial material, portions of his papers virtually represent records of the Division of Ethnology. Except for photographs, however, there is not a great deal of original field material for any phase of Krieger's activities. Notably, there are few documents such as notebooks or cartographic items relating to his many archeological expeditions. Searches for these have proved unsuccessful.
Krieger collected correspondence or other material of Frank Beckwith, Franz Boas, Ferdinand Blumentritt, C.F. Briggs, R.D. Cambiaso, Leonard Carmichael, Charles Upson Clark, Theodoor de Booy, Ivan de Lashmitt, J.E. Drierden, Daniel Folkmar, J.R. Harris, H.T. Harding, Walter Hough, Ale Hrdlicka, Neil M. Judd, Otis T. Mason, Grace Nicholson, Frederic W. Putnam, Herbert J. Spinden, and T.B. Stern. For his work at Indian villages on Prince of Wales Island, Krieger acquired the T.T. Waterman's 1922 notes on houses and totem poles of T.T. Waterman. Waterman had surveyed the area for the Bureau of American Ethnology.
In addition to his own photographs, Krieger's collection includes images made or collected by William A. Archer, R.M. Bartleman, S.C. Brown, José Carbonell, W.E. Chandlee, John W. Chapman, Henry B. Collins, W.A. Cook, Charles E. Doty, E.Y. Miller, Hugo H. Miller, Riley D. Moore, E. Moros, Albert P. Niblack, Bronislaw Pilsudski, W.S. Sigourney, S.A. Spencer, and Dean C. Worchester. A small series of photographs showing habitations in North American, Africa, Asia, and South America include images made or collected by William Louis Abbott, Frank M. Boleter, Frances Densmore, William Dinwiddie, Albert S. Gatschet, Joseph A. Gilfillan, John K. Hillers, William Henry Holmes, Walter Hough, William Henry Jackson, G. Wharton James, Sumner W. Matteson, Cosmos Mindeleff, Lee Moorhouse, Henry C. Raven, Arthur P. Rice, Mrs. T.C. Robertson, Russell Brothers, Lucien M. Turner, Fanny B. Ward, and G. Ben Wittick.
Correspondents include Charles G. Abbot, William A. Archer, J. Neilson Barry, H.J. Boekelman, O.M. Brown, John M. Cooper, Luther S. Cressman, Frances Densmore, John C. Ewers, Wayne M. Felts, J. Walter Fewkes, José L. Franco, Julian Granberry, B.B. Higgins, Walter Hough, Ale Hrdlicka, Melville Jacobs, Neil M. Judd, Alfred L. Kroeber, W.A. Langille, J.D. Laudermilk, Donald B. Lawrence, J. Martinez Costells, Otis T. Mason, Gosta Moberg, Nels C. Nelson, E.L. Packard, Erwin W. Palm, George A. Parkes, Frank M. Setzler, Charles E. Sexton, H.D. Skinner, T. Dale Stewart, E.H. Thomas, T.T. Waterman, Gene Weltfish, Alexander Wetmore, and L.S. Wright.
DATES: 1790s-1950s (most 1920s-1950s)
QUANTITY: 4.3 linear meters (14 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: (1) Outgoing letters, 1925-1955; (2) incoming letters, 1925-1927; (3) informational letters, 1892-1947; (4) office file, 1929-1957; (5) material concerning southeastern Alaska, ca. 1922-1926; (6) material concerning central Alaska, ca. 1927; (7) material concerning the Columbia Basin, 1927-1955; (8) material relating to the islands of the western Pacific, ca. 1943; (9) material relating to the Philippines, ca. 1870s-1940s; (10) material relating to the West Indies, 1935-1953; (11) miscellany, n.d.; (12) bibliography and note cards, n.d.; (13) printed and processed material, 1875-1957; (14) photographs and other illustrations, 1790s-1950s.
FINDING AID: Anna Z. Thompson, Register to the Papers of Herbert William Krieger. National Anthropological Archives, 1998.
The collection consists of a few images included in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 78 and photographs of spoons and paddles, some not included in the volume. Among the photographs are the interior of a Yurok sweat house (plate 10 in the publication), Chilula sweat house (plate 13), a Yurok boat (plate 13), view of the Karok center of the world (plate 22), and Wintun cradle (plate 35).
DATE: No date
QUANTITY: 12 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 66E
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