Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives (#I)
The enlarged prints were part of a 1954 Latin American archeology exhibit in the United States National Museum. Included are general views of ruins, specific structures, and details of structures. Views are of Machu Picchu, Ollantaytambo, Tiahuanaco, Cuzco, Sacahuaman, Urcos, Virú Valley, and Pachacamac.
Photographers include anthropologists Harry S. Tschopik, Jr., Clifford Evans, and Heinrich Ubbelohde-Doering. The Ubbelohde-Doering photographs were in Art of Ancient Peru, New York, 1952.
DATES: No date
QUANTITY: 41 prints
FINDING AID: None
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 66A
The collection is made up of glass negatives. Most subjects are probably federal Indian agents or others connected with Indian delegations to Washington. Identified persons are Daniel C. Oakes, with the Ute delegation of 1868; W. Kershaw; George W. Stidham, a Creek; William F.M. Arny, Navaho agent; Charles Le Clair, French-Ponca; and Henry Walther, assistant in the Bureau of American Ethnology photographic laboratory. Photographers include the Ulke Brothers, A. Zeno Shindler, and Charles M. Bell. A dry plate of Walther, probably made by De Lancey W. Gill, is apparently unrelated to the other photographs.
DATES: Perhaps 1858-1913
QUANTITY: 21 negatives
FINDING AID: List
RESTRICTION: Researchers with special needs may arrange to view the negatives.
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 31
The copy prints were made from incompletely identified glass negatives. Purportedly the subjects are Shinnecocks.
DATE: No date
QUANTITY: 5 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 79-53
One 1930 photograph shows a luncheon group including A.R. Serven, Guy Potter, John G. Carter, and a Nez Perce group. Another photographs shows Oscar Boy, a Piegan Blackfoot, with Carter.
DATES: 1930 and 1934
QUANTITY: 2 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 89-50
The Institute of Social Anthropology (ISA) was an autonomous unit of the Bureau of American Ethnology. It grew out of efforts by the Inter-American Society of Anthropology and Geography and operated with support from the United States Department of State. The ISA purpose was to promote cooperation with other American states in anthropological training and research. Its headquarters were in Washington, D.C. Julian H. Stewart was the director from 1943 to 1946 and George M. Foster from 1946 to 1952. Staff members worked stationed in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Guatemala, where they taught university classes, directed the field work of students, and assisted with publications. In 1952, the ISA came under Institute of Inter-American Affairs sponsorship, and that organization absorbed ISA functions at the close of the year.
The records chiefly contain administrative files concerning finance, recruitment, use of personnel, and cooperation with State Department and other organizations. Some correspondence includes reports by individual staff members. A few photographs included in ISA publications are described separately (appendix H, numbered collections). Individual staff members kept most of their photographs and other field materials.
Correspondents include Richard N. Adams, Heloisa Alberto Torres, Francisco de Aparicío, José Rafael Arboleda, José Antonio Arze, Ralph L. Beals, John W. Bennett, Wendell C. Bennett, William Berrien, Junius B. Bird, Ralph S. Boggs, Donald D. Brand, Henry J. Bruman, Aníbal Buitroacute;n, Douglas S. Byers, John W. Campbell, Pedro Carrasco, Milciades Chaves, César Cisneros, Donald Collier, Juan Comas, Raymond E. Crist, José M. Cruxent, Jorg Diaz, Lincoln Dsang, Walter Dupouy, Charles J. Erasmus, Paul Fejos, S.H. Fong, George M. Foster, Jr., John P. Gillin, Raymond M. Gilmore, Luis D. Goacute;mez, Carl E. Guthe, Lewis Hanke, Emil W. Haury, Robert F. Heizer, Gregorio Hernaacute;ndez de Alba, Melville J. Herskovits, Gordon W. Hewes, Preston Holder, William D. Hohenthal, Jr., Allan R. Holmberg, Kenneth Holland, Norman D. Humphrey, Frederick Johnson, Isabel T. Kelly, Alfred L. Kroeber, George A. Kubler, Raoul W. LaBarre, Kepler Lewis, Li Anche, Ashley W. Lindsay, Charles P. Linton, Ralph Linton, Robert H. Lowie, Pablo Martínez del Rio, Felix W. McBryde, Theodore D. McCown, Alfred Métraux, Horace M. Miner, Henry A. Moe, Guillermo Nannetti, Stanley S. Newman, Kalervo Oberg, Donald Pierson, Felix Restrepo, John H. Rowe, Daniel F. Rubín de la Borbolla, Ozzie G. Simmons, Harry R. Snyder, David H. Stevens, Julian H. Steward, William Duncan Strong, Sol Tax, Harry S. Tschopik, Jr., Luis E. Valcercel, Charles W. Wagley, Robert C. West, Arthur P. Whitaker, Andrew H. Whiteford, Gordon R. Willey, and William L. Wonderly.
QUANTITY: ca. 3 linear meters (ca. 10 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: (1) Annual reports, 1942-1952; (2) organizational and personnel files, 1943-1952; (3) records relating to cooperation with the Department of State, 1946-1951; (4) correspondence, 1952-1952; (5) records relating to cooperative arrangements with Latin American countries, 1942-1952; (6) records relating to other organizations, 1942-1952; (7) accounts and fiscal records, 1946-1952; (8) budget records, 1944-1951
FINDING AID: Draft inventory
RESTRICTION: This collection is closed until January 1, 2003.
One print is a group portrait of those attending the Second International Congress of Criminal Anthropologists in Paris in 1889. Thomas Wilson was the Smithsonian's delegate. Two almost identical prints are group portraits made at the XVII International Congress of Americanists at Buenos Aires in 1910. Ale Hrdlicka was the Smithsonian's delegate and the delegate of the United States government. A.P. Wilcomb, of Buenos Aires, made the last two photographs.
DATES: 1889, 1910
QUANTITY: 3 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 77-48
In 1874, the International Congress of Americanists was organized in Paris as an outgrowth of the Société Américaine
de France. Its purpose was "to contribute to the progress of ethnographic, linguistic and historic studies relative to North and South America, especially for the period belonging and anterior to Christopher Columbus." The 1902 Congress, the first held in the United States and the second to take place in the New World, assembled in New York in October. After formal meetings, delegates toured major cities to visit scientific institutions and also visited Fort Ancient in Ohio. It was at the Ohio site that the group portrait was made.
QUANTITY: 2 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 76-139
Included are forms, draft entries, and manuscripts. The papers relate to the preparation of Lawrence Krader's fourth edition of the International Directory of Anthropologists.
DATES: ca. 1967
QUANTITY: ca .6 linear meter (2 linear feet)
FINDING AID: None
The National Museum of Natural History exhibit, organized by William W. Fitzhugh and Susan Kaplan, made use of the Edward W. Nelson collection of Eskimo materials. The photographs were made by a Smithsonian staff photographer and Moreau B.C. Chambers, and most show Smithsonian staff viewing the new exhibit. Included are Eskimo dancers from Gambell on St. Lawrence Island, who formed a part of the exhibit.
DATE: June 1982
QUANTITY: 7 color prints and 8 black and white prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 83-29
The vintage photograph is a group portrait of "Six Nations" men in New York. The individuals are not identified.
QUANTITY: 1 photograph
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 92-41
The institute is a private consulting firm based in Falls Church, Virginia. The material includes forms, bibliographic data, photographs, maps, and narrative summaries that concern a subsistence survey in Alaskan communities. There are also other economic and geographic data.
QUANTITY: 1.3 linear meters (ca. 4.25 linear feet)
ARRANGEMENT: (1) Survey of village subsistence, early 1970s; (2) community profiles by native region, 1973; (3) "Subsistence harvest in five native regions," 1974; (4) Hooper Bay, 1975; (5) photographs of settlements, 1975
FINDING AID: Folder list
One snapshot shows the Yana Indian Ishi with Robert H. Lowie, Paul Radin, Edward Sapir, and T.T. Waterman. It was probably made in the summer of 1915 when Ishi was living with the Watermans and was employed as an informant by Sapir. Lowie, of the American Museum of Natural History, had been at the Hopi Reservation and traveled to California for a special meeting of the American Anthropological Association.
The other snapshot appears to have been made about the same time. It shows Alfred L. Kroeber and Lowie before the metal shed that housed the University of California Museum of Anthropology (later the Hearst Museum). With them are an unidentified man and woman. The copy prints were donated by Margaret Lantis, who received them from Lowie.
QUANTITY: 2 prints
CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 81-16
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