Short List of Digital Imaging Resources
Supplement to Digital Imaging for Museums


Digital Imaging for Museums: Policy and Practice
Museum Studies Program, George Washington University



David Bearman and Jennifer Trant. Authenticity of Digital Resources: Towards a Statement of Requirements in the Research Process. D-Lib Magazine. June, 1998.

Cullen, Charles T., Peter B. Hirtle, David Levy, Clifford A. Lynch, and Jeff Rothenberg. Authenticity in a Digital Environment. CLIR, May 2000.

DigiCult Thematic Issue 1. Integrity and Authenticity of Digital Cultural Heritage Objects. August, 2002.

Clifford A. Lynch, "Authenticity and Integrity in the Digital Environment: An Exploratory Analysis of the Central Role of Trust." Authenticity in a Digital Environment (Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2000), pp 32-50.

Special issue on certification of digital repositories. RLG DigiNews Vol 9, No 5 (Oct 15 2005).

Trusted Digital Repositories: Attributes and Responsibilities. An RLG-OCLC Report. Mountain View, CA: RLG. May 2002

US-InterPARES Project. Findings on the Preservation of Authentic Electronic Records. September, 2002.

Basic scanning techniques and paractices

A few scanning tips, by Wayne Fulton. A good place to start, especially if you've never used a scanner before.

Library of Congress, Manuscript Digitization Demonstration Project. Final Report. October 1998

Kenney, Anne R. and Oya Y. Reiger. Moving Theory into Practice: Digital Imaging for Libraries and Archives. Mountain View, CA: Research Libraries Group.

NINCH. Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials.

Sitts, Maxine K. (editor). Handbook for Digital Projects: A Management Tool for Preservation and Access. Andover, MA: Northeast Document Conservation Center, 2000.

Camera Raw Files, Raw Conversion

Steve Hoffmann, Digital Camera Raw Converter Comparisons.

CCD and Scanner Quality

CCD University, by Apogee Instruments.

Don Williams. Selecting a Scanner. Guides to Quality in Visual Resource Imaging. Digital Library Federation. 2000.

Don Williams. Debunking of Specmanship. RLG DigiNews (February 15, 2003), Volume 7, Number 1.

Color Management 101

Accurate Image Manipulation for Desktop Publishing, includes lots of information on hardware calibration and color fidelity .

Bruce Fraser, author of Real World Adobe Photoshop, has written dozens of articles on color management, appropriately entitled Out of Gamut.

Adobe Knowledgebase. ICC Profiles in Photoshop 6.0 and Later

Kodak Q-60 Color Input Targets Information Sheet. Eastman Kodak Corp., 1993.

Peter Siegel, "Successes and Failures: A Case Study for Implementing ICC Color Management Across Harvard University's Art Museums" (PICS 2002: IS&T's PICS Conference, An International Technical Conference on Digital Image Capture and Associated System, Reproduction and Image Quality TechnologiesDigital Imaging SIG Report No. 3).

Copyright and Intellectual Property

EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation). Intellectual Property Online: Patent, Trademark, Copyright" Archive

The Colorado Digitization Program has a terrific collection of resources on intellectual property, copyright, fair use, and licensing in digital libraries.

Copyright Resources Online. Yale University Library.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Traditional Knowledge, Genetic Resources and Traditional Cultural Expressions/Folklore.

Digital Asset Management

Jane Hunter. Combining the CIDOC CRM and MPEG-7 to Describe Multimedia in Museums. Museums and the Web 2002.

Picture Metadata Toolkit

Produce, Publish and Preserve: A Holistic Approach to Digital Assets Management, by Guenter Waibel, Digital Media Developer, UC Berkeley Art Museum & Pacific Film Archive

Archive Builders. Sizing a Document Management System: Image Size Estimates for All Types of Digitized Documents.

Digital Preservation

Howard Besser, Information Longevity

Archives and Digital Longevity bibliography, from Virginia Tech.

Patricia Galloway. "Preservation of Digital Objects." Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 38: 549-590 (2004).

Brian F. Lavoie. The Incentives to Preserve Digital Matrials: Roles, Scenarios, and Economic Decision-Making. OCLC, April 2003.

PADI: Preserving Access to Digital Information. National Library of Australia, Canberra.

Report from the Meeting of Experts on Digital Preservation: Digital Preservation Masters. June 18, 2004 (PDF 91 KB)

Digital Prints

Martin Jürgens, Identification of Digital Prints.

Wilhelm Imaging Research offers a wealth of data on image permanance.

Distributed Networks and Consortia

AMICO, the Art Museum Image Consortium, is a not-for-profit organization of institutions with collections of art, collaborating to enable educational use of museum multimedia.


Collaborative Digitization Projects in the United States, Compiled by Ken Middleton, Walker Library, Middle Tennessee State University.

Richard Rinehart. MOAC - A Report on Integrating Museum and Archive Access in the Online Archive of California. D-Lib Magazine (January 2003), Vol. 9, No.1.

Museums and the Online Archive of California Project (MOAC),

Perseus Digital Library (Tufts University)

History of Photographic Processes

Albumen Photographs: History, Science and Preservation, by John Burke, Walter Henry, Paul Messier, Timothy Vitale and Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources.


"Automatic Exposure"—Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images. Research Libraries Group.

Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN) Metadata Standards page.

CIDOC, The International Committee for Documentation of the International Council of Museums (ICOM-CIDOC)

DIG35 Metadata Specification (International Imaging Industry Association)

Dublin Core Metadata Initiative is an open forum engaged in the development of interoperable online metadata standards that support a broad range of purposes and business models.

Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP)

EXIF (Exchangeable Image File Format)

IPTC Metadata for XMP (International Press Telecommunications Council)

METS: Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standards.

MIX: NISO Metadata for Images in XML Schema.

Monitor Gamma

Gamma Literature from Computer Graphics Systems Development Corporation.

Photoshop Guru Training

Hagadorn, Matt. An Introduction to Curves. Nature Photographers Online Magazine.

D. Kosaka, A Primer on Image Histograms and Curves: Taking Voodoo and Black Magic out of Creating Quality Scans. Marginal Software.


Adobe Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP)

Getty Standards and Guidelines

ICOM. Developments in Museum and Cultural Heritage Information Standards

JPEG 2000 (Joint Photographic Experts Group)

The MPEG Home Page

SMIL (Synchronized Multimedia)


Keven Bradley, Risks Associated with the Use of Recordable CDs and DVDs as Reliable Storage Media in Archival Collections - Strategies and Alternatives. Paris: UNESCO Memory of the World Programme, Sub-Committee on Technology, 2006.

Fred R. Byers. CLIR and NIST. Care and Handling of CDs and DVDs: A Guide for Librarians and Archivists. CLIR and NIST, OCTOBER 2003.

Oliver Slattery, Richang Lu, Jian Zheng, Fred Byers, and Xiao Tang. Stability Comparison of Recordable Optical Discs—A Study of Error Rates in Harsh Conditions. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 109/5 (September-October 2004)

Technical Reference

D-Lib Ready Reference

Library of Congress Conversion Specifications ("Digital Images from Original Documents, Text Conversion and SGML-Encoding"; "Conversion of Microfilm to Digital Images"; "Conversion of Pictorial Materials to Digital Images")

Lynn, M. Stuart Lynn and The Technology Assessment Advisory Committee. The Relationship Between Digital and Other Media Conversion Processes: A Structured Glossary of Technical Terms. CLIR, Commission on Preservation and Access (August 1990)

MOAC Technical Specifications

National Digital Library Program. Building Digital Collections: Technical Information and Background Papers. (Web site)

National Digital Library Program Writer's Handbook. Washington, D.C.: American Memory, Library of Congress, 2000.

Still Images, Moving Images and Sound Advice (JISC Digital Media).


Last updated: June 2009
Robert Leopold