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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
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Department of Anthropology

Mexican masks in storage

 

Physical Anthropology Collections Counts

 

Below is a general listing of the Physical Anthropology holdings. The collections span worldwide distribution, but some geographic regions and temporal contexts are better represented than others. Curatorial staff in the first half of the 20th Century shaped the core of the collection according to their interests, building the collection through government-sponsored expeditions and by trading collections with other institutions. Aleš Hrdlička's primary focus was on the peopling of the New World and questions concerning American populations, so areas of Africa, Europe and Asia were not as actively collected and thus are less well represented.

It was also common in excavations in the earlier part of the 20th Century that only the best examples from the skeletal series or interesting pathological conditions to be retained, Smaller bones (hands and feet), ribs, or even vertebrae are often not present in earlier skeletal series. Thus, approximately 48% of the collections are made up of cranium or skull only, with no are incomplete postcrania. In the second half of the 20th Centrury, advancements in archeological methodology expected more complete retention of all materials from a site, so collections from this time (approximately 20% of the whole collection) include most or all of the elements from the excavation..

This below list does not include the museum's paleo-anthropological collections, almost exclusively casts of the fossil specimens. Please contact the Physical Anthropology Collections Manager, David Hunt and he will coordinate with the paleo-anthropology staff for listings of holdings and appointments for access to these collections.


A Note About these Statistics:

The counts listed below were generated in early 2007. Some North American collections are to be, or expected to be deacccessioned for repatriation, and /or restricted from research pending requests from Native American tribes. Therefore, researchers should contact the collections manager for the most up to date information before assuming that specific collections will be available for study.

The list is first sorted by present-day country. The second level is province, state, or a geographical location such as island or nearby town. The numeric counts represent the number of occurrences for each entry. Each occurence may represent one skull, one cranium, a fragmentary skeleton, a full skeleton, or a group of elements or bone assortments. The counts represent the number of catalog records for this entry, they do not represent the number of individuals.

The counts for any given country and/or state may include individuals who were not from indigenous population groups, therefore the counts do not necessarily reflect the number of individuals from an indigenous group. For example, 1728 of the 2009 individuals in the count for Missouri (USA) are individuals from the Robert J. Terry Anatomical Collection, a collection of White and Black Americans from the 20th Century, not Native Americans.

 

1 Afghanistan
9 Africa
1 Algeria
1 Algiers
10 Argentina, Buenos Aires Province
6 Argentina, Chubut Province
2 Argentina, Patagonia
56 Argentina, Rio Negro Province
11 Argentina, Rio Negro Province And Buenos Aires Prov
3 Argentina, Salta Province
4 Argentina, Santa Cruz Province
1 Argentina, Santiago Del Estero Province
1 Argentina, Tiera Del Fuego
12 Argentina
2 Armenia
4 Australia, Central
48 Australia, Northern Territory
6 Australia, Queensland
11 Australia, South Australia
7 Australia, Victoria
4 Australia, Victoria District
4 Australia, Western Australia
9 Australia
3 Austria, Salzburg Province
14 Austria, Tirol Province
1 Bahama Islands, Bahamas
1 Bahama Islands, Exuma Islands Group
4 Bahama Islands, Watling Island
1 Bangladesh, Bengal
1 Barbados
1 Belgium, Brabant
1 Belgium, Liege Province
1 Belgium
1 Bolivia, El Beni Department
18 Bolivia, La Paz Department
4 Bolivia
2 Borneo, Kalimantan Province
1 Borneo
1 Brazil
1 Cambodia
1 Cameroon, South
2 Cameroon
13 Canada, British Columbia
1 Canada, Hudson Bay
2 Canada, Manitoba
16 Canada, Northwest Territories
3 Canada, Northwest Territories (Yukon Territory)
43 Canada, Ontario
1 Canada, Quebec (Hudson Bay Territory)
1 Canada
2 Canary Islands, Santa Cruz De Tenerife
3 Chile, Aisen Province
1 Chile, Antofagasta Province
1 Chile, Cautin Province
2 Chile, Chiloe Province
2 Chile, Coquimbo Province
1 Chile, Llanquihue Province
2 Chile, Magallanes Province (Patagonia)
3 Chile, Santiago Region
2 Chile, Tarapaca Province
2 Chile, Tierra Del Fuego
2 Chile
1 China, Fujian Province, Min River
1 China, Liaoning Province
1 China, Shansi Province
2 China, Sikang Province
1 China, Szechuan Province, Kangting
1 China, Szechuan
1 China, Tsinghai Province
1 China, Xinjiang
3 China
2 Chukotka, Chukchi
1 Colombia, Antioquia, Medellin
2 Colombia, Atlantico Dept.
1 Colombia, Bogata (Northwest Of)
2 Colombia, Boyaca
6 Colombia, Cundinamarco
3 Colombia, Sumapaz River Basin
2 Colombia
2 Congo Republic
4 Cuba, Havana
6 Cuba
72 Czech Republic, Bohemia
9 Czech Republic, Central Moravia
1 Denmark
65 Dominican Republic, Constanza
17 Dominican Republic, National District
17 Dominican Republic, Samana
2 Ecuador, Azoques (Near)
36 Ecuador, Guayas Province
5 Ecuador
1 Egypt, Thebes
749 Egypt, Upper Egypt
2 Egypt
37 England, Greater London
2 England, Oxfordshire
1 England, West Sussex
1 England, Yorkshire
27 England
1 Equatorial Guinea
1 Fiji Islands, Kandavu Island
1 Fiji Islands, Levakua Island
4 Fiji Islands, Muthuata Island
1 Fiji Islands, Vanua Levu
6 Fiji Islands
4 France, Alpes-Maritimes
1 France, Ande
1 France, Brittany
6 France, Morbihan (Brittany)
4 France, Saone-Et-Loire
3 France, Seine-Et-Marne
5 France, Ville De Paris
3 France
14 Gabon
8 Germany, Bavaria
1 Germany, Elsass (Alsace)
4 Germany, Lothringen (Lorraine)
4 Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia
1 Germany, Pommern (Pomerania)
7 Germany, Rhineland Palinate
64 Germany
1 Ghana, Central District
3 Ghana
47 Greece, Peloponnese
69 Greenland, Northwest
6 Greenland, Southern
17 Greenland, West District
13 Greenland, Western
7 Greenland
1 Grenada, Grande Anse Bay
4 Guatemala, Alta Verapaz
2 Guatemala, Quetzalnatango
13 Guyana, Courantine River
2 Haiti, Sud Province
25 Haiti
1 Holland, North Holland
7 Holland, Zeeland
2 Honduras, Atlantida Department
4 Honduras, Comayagua Department
2 Honduras
1 Hong Kong, Lama Island
2 Iran, Khorasan State
153 Israel, Hazafon
4 Israel
1 Italy, Siena Province
1 Italy, Terni Province
4 Italy, Viterbo Province
10 Jamaica, Clarendon
5 Jamaica, Hanover
7 Jamaica, St. Elizabeth Parish
1 Jamaica, St. James
1 Jamaica
13 Japan, Honshu
2 Japan, Honshu Island
2 Japan, Okinawa
1 Japan
1 Java, Central Java Province
9 Java
21 Kenya, Central Province
2 Kenya, Rift Valley Province
26 Kenya
2 Korea, Kiung-San Do Province
2 Korea, Kyonggi Province
1 Korea
1 Lebanon
1 Liberia
8 Magadan Oblast, Chukot National Okrug
3 Malay Archipelago, Amboina Island
2 Malay Archipelago, Bali
1 Malay Archipelago, Madura Island
1 Malay Archipelago, Borneo
1 Mauritius
20 Mexico, Baja California
3 Mexico, Campeche
111 Mexico, Chihuahua State
76 Mexico, Coahuila State
1 Mexico, Durango State
22 Mexico, Federal District (Valley Of Mexico)
1 Mexico, Mexico State
3 Mexico, Michoacan State
11 Mexico, Oaxaca State
6 Mexico, Puebla State
11 Mexico, San Luis Potosi State
3 Mexico, Sonora State
1 Mexico, Vera Cruz State
7 Mexico, Yucatan
1 Mexico, Zacatecas State
32 Mexico
208 Mongolia, Outer Mongolia, Urga
1 Nepal, Central Nepal
1 Nepal, Western Nepal
4 Nepal
30 New Guinea, Papua, East New Britain
5 New Guinea, Papua, New Britain
15 New Guinea, Papua
3 New Guinea
12 New Zealand, Chatham Islands
2 New Zealand, North Island
25 New Zealand
7 Nicaragua, Lake Nicaragua
8 Norway, Finmark (Ost)
1 Panama Canal Zone, Colon
7 Panama Canal Zone, Herrera Province
70 Panama Canal Zone, Venado Beach
2 Panama Canal Zone
1 Paraguay, Western Chaco
14 Peru, Acabamba
2 Peru, Ancash
2 Peru, Ancash Department
1 Peru, Anchicuya
64 Peru, Arequipa
93 Peru, Ayachucho
8 Peru, Chachlacaya
1 Peru, Chicama
1 Peru, Coast
7 Peru, Cuzco
3 Peru, Huacapuna
2 Peru, Huancavelica
143 Peru, Ica
35 Peru, Junin
1161 Peru, La Libertad
2 Peru, La Oroya
3128 Peru, Lima
1 Peru, Moquegua
1 Peru, Paracas Penninsula
2 Peru, Puno
2 Peru, Quichna Pachicamac
1 Peru, Southern Coast
1 Peru, Tacna
144 Peru
3 Philippine Islands, Bengoet
1 Philippine Islands, Bohol Island
1 Philippine Islands, Busuanga Island
1 Philippine Islands, Dinagat Island
1 Philippine Islands, Leyte
16 Philippine Islands, Luzon Island
1 Philippine Islands, Mindanao
4 Philippine Islands, Mindanao Island
2 Philippine Islands, Panay Island
4 Philippine Islands, Sulu
7 Philippine Islands
1 Puerto Rico, Juegos De Bola
3 Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
2 Puerto Rico
2 Samoa
1 Senegal
53 Siberia
2 Siberia (East)
2 Siberia (West)
2 Society Islands
6 Solomon Islands
5 South Africa, Eastern Cape Province
1 Sri Lanka
1 Sulawesi (Celebes), Makassar
2 Sulawesi (Celebes)
11 Sumatra, Pagai (Pagi) Islands
1 Sumatra
1 Sweden
64 Switzerland, Graubunden Canton (Grisons)
1 Switzerland, Zurich Canton
2 Switzerland
1 Tahiti
1 Taiwan
2 Tibet
7 Tuamotu Archipelago
1 Tunisia
1 Virgin Islands, St. Croix
16 Virgin Islands, St. John Island
1 Virgin Islands, St. Thomas Island
116 USA, Alabama
1951 USA, Alaska
735 USA, Arizona
381 USA, Arkansas
981 USA, California
44 USA, Colorado
20 USA, Connecticut
101 USA, Delaware
277 USA, District Of Columbia
1576 USA, Florida
539 USA, Georgia
2 USA, Guam
9 USA, Idaho
930 USA, Illinois
22 USA, Indiana
17 USA, Iowa
63 USA, Kansas
167 USA, Kentucky
189 USA, Louisiana
2 USA, Maine
1855 USA, Maryland
13 USA, Massachusetts
32 USA, Michigan
2 USA, Minnesota
140 USA, Mississippi
2009 USA, Missouri
37 USA, Montana
64 USA, Nebraska
18 USA, Nevada
1 USA, New Hampshire
86 USA, New Jersey
1330 USA, New Mexico
3679 USA, New York
64 USA, North Carolina
84 USA, North Dakota
729 USA, Ohio
26 USA, Oklahoma
116 USA, Oregon
27 USA, Pennsylvania
3 USA, Rhode Island
3 USA, South Carolina
1448 USA, South Dakota
293 USA, Tennessee
100 USA, Texas
92 USA, Utah
3 USA, Vermont
1862 USA, Virginia
49 USA, Washington
36 USA, West Virginia
55 USA, Wisconsin
9 USA, Wyoming
74 USA
140 Ukraine, Crimean Oblast
3 Ukraine, Kiev
7 Ukraine, Kiev Province
50 Ukraine
1 Vanuatu, Malampa Province
1 Vanuatu, Malay, New Hebrides
13 Venezuela
1 Zimbabwe

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