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Detecting the initial steps toward the domestication of sheep and goats has required the development of a number of archaeozoological methods. These include testing and refining methods for distinguishing between these two closely related animals using fragmentary animal bones and teeth; gaining a better understanding of the ages of long bone fusion and tooth eruption and wear in these animals; and developing methods to distinguish between male and female animals. These high resolution analytical techniques make it possible to construct sex specific harvest profiles for sheep and goat that can be used to trace the transition from hunting to herding. Zeder and Lapham, 2010, JAS, photos by Don Hurlbut, Supplemental figures, (PDF download).

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